ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

PCS 101, to uncover its mystery

Updated on April 7, 2015

Yuna Kim in 2011

Since Sochi Olympics, people ask about PCS.

Figure skating is a sport that requires a certain amount of expertise in order to properly appreciate. It involves with various technical terms and rules. Often people can't tell the difference between authenticity and imitation, if they are not trained.

This particular area often becomes a muddy subjectivity that caters all malcontents, but figure skating is not a subjective sport. Rather figure skating is a manually graded sport. And the grading is based on a combination of this expertise and aestheticism.

What is good about the COP, despite the current ISU and its judges' wrong handling thereof, is that you can itemize merits or defaults of each elements so that a collective of points can reflect the performance as a whole as faithfully as possible.

So compared to 6.0 system, the COP is definitely superior a system. But by no means the COP is less vulnerable than 6.0 system to fraud or foul play by judges. On the contrary, as we reviewed the Worlds since the COP had installed, it is more susceptible to mishandling and fraud.

Technical specialists can hide behind a flag of technical accuracy while he or she finds fault with any skater he or she wish to put down. Each judge can use clauses in the rules as he or she see fit ignoring the principle of figure skating judging.

I remember a few years ago one former figure skating judge argued with her critics in one of forums. In her defense on criticism, she argued she could award GOE based on the specifications of the GOE rules even if some other flaws are glaringly present. That's a typical abuse of today's figure skating.

When cornered, judges always find a shelter in the rules. But if you follow that, you can give +3 on falls. Judges are instructed to give GOE if they find merit in speed, height, etc., but the grand principle of figure skating prior to a set of rules is figure skating language. All merits are to be understood in that language.

The rules are not there to provide the judges with excuses of their bias. They are the outline by which each judge is required to establish and reproduce replica of the performance in terms of points.

Therefore, judges who don't understand this principle and don't have a sense of duty to establish and uphold that principle in his or her protocols are not called judge.

Now let us talk about the current PCS(Program Components Score). There are five components: SS(Skating Skill), TR(Transition), PE(Performance or Execution), CH(Choreography, and IN(Interpretation).

But you realize already how meaningless they are here. As a matter of fact all other components are subject to SS. You can't properly do transition, choreography, interpretation and execution without SS.

I am not saying these divisions are phony and thus useless. I am saying these are useless unless they reflect the performance correctly. They should serve to reinforce the holistic representation of skater's performance, not excuses to create fake merits.

Skating skills such as use of edges and turns, speed, flow, ice coverage, controlled curves, multi-directional skating, etc. are components to transition, interpretation, choreography and execution.

Without SS, transition are a sequence of garbage. Without SS, you are unable to create interpretation and choreography that renders you any merit. Again what is assessed for interpretation and choreography is not acting. Many people including judges have wrong idea about this. Especially, judges use this to create nonexistent merits for their favorite skaters. Without SS, obviously you can't execute properly what you intended.

The clip by Yuna Kim in the above is an example of good choreography and interpretation. Again, figure skating's choreography and interpretation lies in moves not acting.

All right. Enough theory. Let us practice, shall we?

Denise Biellemann in 1979

So, by now you will realize that you may be able to assess skaters in any time by PCS.

Is it possible? Yes, of course. That's how you know greatness of skaters in the past. There are a few things, however, you need to bear in mind: many skills that are common today were not to those skaters. This means their technical proficiency appears quite inadequate in today's standards.

So, with that in mind, let us examine the celebrated Denise Biellemann in 1979 Worlds. This is a flawed performance, but that's why I present it as an example, because I want you to be able to assess PCS without bothering TES.

First, you can help thinking that Biellemann was, unlike today's Russian skaters, a skater whose physiological line was perfectly integrated to her moves with stability and balance, though her jump technique was not fully developed in today's perspective.

But is there any doubt if she were skating today, she could have swept the competition with adequate handling of jumps? Can you even name a skater today who can move on ice like Biellemann? Her moves are incomparable in level and difficulty, especially to today's skaters. Look how she use her whole body in each turn and how she handle upper body to produce ideal projection to momentum.

If Biellemann were skating today, her PCS ranges from 9.0 to 8.5 by default. Of course, this is just a speculation, because PCS is inevitably affected by TES. But in this evaluation, you can easily see why Bielleman is among the greatest names ever.

Now, set aside my evaluation. Grade Biellemann's PCS in your own opinion.

See results

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)