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Parachutes – 10 Facts you don’t know about it

Updated on February 15, 2013

1. The oldest parachute design appear in a manuscript from 1470. Although the surface area of the parachute design is too small to be effective, the design is quite similarly with the modern shape of parachutes .

2. The current design, the backpack parachute was invented in 1911. It contained also the ripcord, a quick release mechanism who allowed users to control the exact moment of releasing the parachute .

3. During War World II the main material used in parachutes was silk. Standard material used for modern parachutes is nylon.

4. The first record public jump with a parachute was made by Louis-Sebastien Lenormand (inventor of modern parachute) in France in the year 1783

5. The record for the highest altitude from which a parachute jump was performed date from August 16, 1960. Joseph Kittinger jumped from a balloon at altitude of 101,516 feet (30,942 m). During the descent, Kittinger experienced temperatures as low as −94 °F (−70 °C). Until he opened his parachute, he reached a top speed of 614 mph (988 km/h).

6. Commercial planes are not equipped with parachutes for passenger to use. Although may appear a good safety measure, the official explanation is that passenger jet aircraft doors cannot be opened from the inside at high altitudes for safety reasons.

7. Although parachute was primarily designed for human use, today multiple types of parachutes are used in different areas as cargo deployment or emergency break for shuttles or planes.

8. On November 24, 1971 was recorded the only case of skyjacker on USA territory that remained unscathed by FBI. The thief, jumped with a parachute from a Boeing 727 with 200,000 USD. He hasn’t been found since.

9. During World War II in 1944 took place the biggest airborne operation of all time. More then 20,000 people were parachuted in Holland, near city Arnhem in order to seize a vital bridge which, once conquered, could provide a rapid advance of British and American mechanized forces in Northern Germany. The operation failed as a result of a heroic resistance of German troops combined with the intervention of bad weather.

 10. The average fatality rate in United States is considered to be around 1 in 80,000 jumps.

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    • profile image

      stranger1 

      18 months ago

      it tells you more!!!

    • profile image

      Mikayla 

      18 months ago

      Thank you !

    • profile image

      flo 

      24 months ago

      this is the best website ever

    • profile image

      hi 

      2 years ago

      this is very helpful

    • profile image

      Stranger 

      2 years ago

      I found this very helpful for a science project, but it hurt to write it all down. Maybe try to make the blurbs a 'lil bit shorter.

    • profile image

      jess 

      3 years ago

      yeh there was a jump from space because i remember on the news that the man landed and he jumped from space. well done KYLA

    • profile image

      Pritha 

      4 years ago

      The parachute is so intersting to know about the parachute

    • profile image

      sean 

      4 years ago

    • profile image

      tony 

      4 years ago

      Thanks

    • profile image

      kyla parkahousinmyski 

      4 years ago

      im pretty sure the highest jump fact is untrue, wasn't there a jump last year from space? might be wrong but im pretty sure...

    • profile image

      bob 

      4 years ago

      what does war world mean!?!?!?!?!?!?!?!?!?!?

    • profile image

      Bob Marley 

      5 years ago

      by that i mean Brilliantly MUKM

    • profile image

      Bob Marley 

      5 years ago

      This is asolutely b+M!

    • Catalin79 profile imageAUTHOR

      Catalin79 

      5 years ago from Bucuresti

      @Ivan

      Modified, thanks.

    • profile image

      Ivan 

      5 years ago

      Also I've never heard of these facts so thanks.

    • profile image

      Ivan 

      5 years ago

      It's World War II by the way.

    • profile image

      luna 

      5 years ago

      a few of these facts were ones i had never seen before, thank you. But you should really consider putting a citation on this page for efficiency for researchers like me, thanks.

    • profile image

      ruby 

      5 years ago

      well done these facts i did not know and i know evrything about them

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