near, toward or in the stern of the ship.
a device usually of metal attached to a ship or boat by a cable and cast overboard to hold it in a particular place by means of a fluke that digs into the bottom.
Parts of an anchor: ring, stock, shank, bill, fluke, arm, throat, crown.
an instrument to measuring and indicating the force or speed of wind.
a compact instrument used to observe the position of celestial bodies before the invention of the sextant.
a small sailing ship. It is a 3-masted ship with foremast and main mast square-rigged and mizzenmast fore-and-aft rigged.
a scale in which the force of the wind is indicated by numbers from 0 to 12.
a wooden pulley. Types of blocks are: single block, double block.
a long spar projecting from the mast to support the foot of a sail.
the forward part of a ship.
a long spar projecting forward from the stem of a ship.
a 2-masted square-rigged ship.
Also, a place (as on a ship) for temporary confinement of offenders in the U.S. Navy.
Abbreviation for brigade; brigadier.
a machine for mooring or raising heavy weights by winding cable around a vertical spindle-mounted drum that is rotated manually or driven by steam or electric power.
a kind of ship began to be built by the Portuguese. Caravels were small fast ships sailed by a crew of about 25. Caravels made it possible to voyage throughout the world. Before caravels most ships had square sails and could only go where the wind blew them. Caravels had triangular sails which could be set at an angle to the wind so the ship could sail in more directions.
a sailboat having a cat rig and usually a centerboard, and being of light draft and broad beam.
a very accurate clock used to measure longitudes. James Cook was the first to use it.
a crane that projects over the side of a ship or a hatchway and is used especially for boats, anchors, or cargo.
a rounded wood block that is encircled by a rope or an iron band and pierced with holes to receive the lanyard and that is used especially to set up shrouds and stays.
a narrow fast lateen-rigged sailing ship chiefly of the Mediterranean area.
the head or figure on a ship’s bow.
a sail outside the jib on an extension of the jibboom.
FOOD OF SAILORS
mouldy biscuits and picked pork and beef was the main food served at sea. Maggots sometimes had to be picked out of the biscuits before they were eaten. Food was cooked on an iron set on a bed of sand towards the front of the ship.
the mast nearest the bow of a ship.
- a sail carried on the foreyard of a square-rigged ship that is the lowest on the foremast.
- the lower sail set abaft a schooner's foremast.
one of the sheets of the foresail.
a stay from the foremast head to the deck of a ship.
the triangular aftermost headsail of a schooner, ketch, or yawl set on hanks on the forestay.
a mast next above the foremast.
the sail above the foresail.
the spar upon which the head of a fore-and-aft sail is extended.
a sail set forward of the foremast.
an apparatus for telegraphing by means of the sun’s rays thrown from a mirror.
a 2-masted vessel square-rigged forward and schooner-rigged aft.
a triangular sail set on a stay extending from the head of the foremast to the bowsprit or the jib boom.
any of various ships of Chinese waters with bluff lines, a high poop and overhanging stem, little or no keel, high pole masts, and a deep rudder.
a longitudinal timber or plate extending along the center of the bottom of a ship and often projecting from the bottom.
a fore-and aft rigged ship similar to a yawl, but with a larger mizzen, and with the mizzen mast stepped farther forward.
the lamp or knob so for med.
Types of Knots:
1. Blackwall hitch
2. Carrick bend
3. Clove hitch
5. figure eight
6. Granny knot
8. Overhand knot
9. Fisherman’s bend
10. Half hitch
11. Reef knot
12. Round turn and two half hitch’s
13. Slip knot
14. Stevedore knot
15. True lover’s knot
16. Surgeon’s knot
17. Turk’s head
18. Sheet bend
19. Timber hitch
21. Square knot
22. Sheep shank
being or relating to a rig used especially on the north coast of Africa and characterized by a triangular sail extended by a long spar slung to a low mast.
a 4-sided sail bent to an obliquely hanging yard that is hoisted and lowered with the sail.
a ship's principal mast usually second from the bow.
the principal sail on the mainmast.
a rope by which the mainsail is trimmed and secured.
a ships stay extending from the maintop forward usually to the foot of the foremast.
a platform about the head of the mainmast of a square.rigged ship.
a mast next above the mainmast.
the yard of a mainsail.
a long pole or spar rising from the keel or deck of a ship and supporting the yards, booms, and rigging.
the mast aft or next aft of the mainmast in a ship.
the person who works out the direction for a ship.
the stern area of a ship’s upper deck.A part of a deck on a naval vessel set aside by the captain for ceremonial and official use.
one of the small transverse ropes attached to the shrouds of a ship so as to form the steps of a rope ladder.
lines and chains used aboard a ship, especially in working sail and supporting masts and spars.
a fore-and aft rigged ship having 2 masts with a smaller sail on the foremast and with the main mast stepped nearly amidships.
1. flying jib
3. forestay sail
5. fore gaff-topsail
7. main gaff-topsail
a rope, wire, or chain that regulates the angle at which a sail is set in relation to the wind.
a prop preventing sinking or sagging.
an instrument for measuring angular distances used especially in navigation to observe altitudes of celestial bodies (as in ascertaining latitude and longitude).
one of the ropes leading usually in pairs from a ship’s mastheads to give lateral support to the masts.
a fore-and-aft rigged boat with one mat and a single headsail jib.
a stout rounded wood or metal piece (as a mast, boom, gaff, or yard) used to support rigging.
a long oilskin coat worn especially at sea during stormy weather.
a large triangular sail set on a long light pole and used when running before the wind.
to unite two ropes by interweaving the strands.
a rig in which the principal sails are extended on yards fastened to the masts horizontally and at their center.
a 4-sided sail extended on a yard suspended at the middle from the mast.
large strong rope usually of metal wire used to support a mast.
a ship’s rigging.
a usually 3-masted Mediterranean sailing ship with long over hanging bow and stern.
a long spar tapered toward the ends to support and spread the head of a square sail, lateen, or lugsail.
a fore-and-aft rigged sailboat carrying a mainsail and one or more jibs with a mizzenmast far aft.
- Sailing glossary