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Salt Water Fishing Reel Anatomy

Updated on May 11, 2011

A salt water fishing reel is a device that not only helps you control cast your fishing line to the desired place where you think fish are lurking but when as well you hook a fish to help you reel it in smoothly without losing your catch.

Pending on its size and the line you use you can control and set the drag knob a bit loose so that in case the fish you´re reeling in, in attempting to escape, will be able to pull line out thus not overly force the line and break it.

There are a few types of salt water fishing reels in the market, but a spinning salt water fishing reel is the best choice if you do most of you fishing from the beach.

Shimano Stradic
Shimano Stradic

All salt water fishing reels use ball bearings for ease of reeling in the line. A smooth movement of the spool is what you get when reeling in and the more bearings a reel has, the lighter it will be and less fatigue on you getting that fish on your beach.

One of my preferred salt water fishing reel is this Shimano Stradic.

It has never let me down or disappointed me or the past nine years!

Do try to use Picasa to view this salt water fishing reel!

Shimano Stradic Exploded View
Shimano Stradic Exploded View

Front drag or rear drag are two options on a salt water fishing reel that you must decide on for yourself but let me give you the basics. The difference between the two is in the position of the drag system.

Front drag reels commonly feature bigger and multiple disc drag washers that deliver higher braking power and durability and as a result and are better suited for larger fish, like Seabass. Rear drag has smaller washers so less power. The advantage of these being at the back is that you can quick change a spool. You can although use these rear drag for smaller fish.

Lever wind mechanisms work back and forwards across reels to uniformly rewind the line in the spool as it is reeled in. The pattern of a re-winded line on a spool can be changed by adding or removing washers in the spool assembly.

A salt water fishing reel's gear ratio (as you will see as two example here, 5.1:1 or 4.8:1) tells you how many revolutions the spool makes with each and every 1 turn of the handle.

So using the first example above, 5.1 revolutions of the spool winding your line in, for each 1 turn of the handle.

The anti reverse lever on a salt water fishing reel that is usually located in the back of your salt water fishing reel let´s you pull some line out (in reverse) in case you need to work on your rigs.

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