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Tennis for Beginners - Tennis Playing Tips ,Racquets ,Types of Courts ,Top Players

Updated on October 26, 2012

Tennis Playing for Beginners

Tennis Courts :

In order to play tennis game, you must first find a regulation-size tennis court. Such a court is about seventy-eight feet long and is twenty-seven feet wide for single play, or thirty-six feet wide for double play. Most public courts are large enough for double play.

Service Courts

On either side of the net are spaces called service courts. Each service court is, of course, half of the entire court in size. The service court on the player's right is known as the deuce court, while the service court on the left is known as the advantage court, or ad court for short.

Tennis Racquet : You will also need a tennis racquet and balls in order to play this game, along with, of course, an opponent. A tennis racquet has evolved quite abit over the years, and now is made from lightweight graphite or fiberglass as opposed to the wooden racquets of days gone by.

Tennis Ball : The tennis ball is usually colored yellow or white and is about two inches in diameter. Each tennis ball weighs a mere two ounces each.

Top 10 Male Players in the History of Tennis

  1. Rod Laver
  2. Bjorn Borg
  3. Pete Sampras
  4. Roger Federer
  5. John McEnroe
  6. Ivan Lendl
  7. Jimmy Connors
  8. Andre Agassi
  9. Boris Becker
  10. Mats Wilander

How to Play Tennis - Rules in Tennis

The object of tennis is to keep the tennis ball in play once it is served by one of the two sides. Each player on each side, which is known as singles, or both players on each side, which is known as doubles, attempts to hit the ball and send it back over top of the net to the opposing side.

  • The server on one team serves the tennis ball by tossing it into the air and hitting it with their racquet. Their goal is to place the ball across the net in a diagonal direction so that it lands in the receiver's deuce court.
  • After the first point if the game is made, both players move to the left and continue play from the advantage court.They continue to alternate between courts after each point is made until the game has been won.

Scoring and Points in Tennis

Scoring is different in tennis than any other game around. Each point is not counted as a single point. Rather, the scores are kept track of as follows:

  • fifteen is said to be the first game point,
  • while thirty is said to be the second game point.
  • Forty is the next or third game point made, and one more point is needed from there in order for either side to win the game.
  • As you can see, a tennis game actually consists of four points.

There are some terms in the game of tennis that differ greatly from other games as well. One popular term is love. Love in the game of tennis, refers to having a score of zero. Therefore, if a score is fifteen-love, the server has fifteen, or has actually scored one point in the game, while his or her opponent has not scored as of yet, and therefore had a score of zero. When a player or a team wins six games, it is said that a set is won. However, the winner(s) must have won at least two more games than the opponent has won

Reasons to Play Tennis

You can play tennis year round..Tennis is both an individual sport and a team sport.

  1. Tennis is excellent exercise.
  2. Tennis can provide serious competition even as an adult.
  3. Tennis is an outlet for athleticism
  4. Tennis is mentally challenging.
  5. Tennis is a lifelong sport.

Tennis Playing - Top 5 Tips for Playing

Below are some advanced tips in Tennis to improve your game.

  1. Forehand Stroke-The forehand stroke is usually the most powerful and the stroke most users want to use. Of course it has to be on the right side of the person to get the forehand stroke. The forehand in tennis is a shot made by swinging the racquet across one's body in the direction of where the player wants to place the shot. 
  2. Backhand Stroke-The backhand stroke is when the ball is on the opposite side of you. It is the opposite of the forehand. There are two types of back hands. There is the two-handed back hand. There is also the one handed back hand..
  3. Volleys-Net play is an important aspect to playing tennis. At the net, the player will primarily use a volley to hit the ball. The volley is when the ball does not hit the ground before you hit it. It is out of the air pretty much. You want to get yourself about 3 feet away from the net. Make sure you keep your feet shoulder width apart.
  4. The Serve-The serve in tennis is a shot to start a point. The serve is usually initiated by tossing the ball into the air and hitting it (usually near the apex of its trajectory) into the diagonally opposite service box without touching the net. It may be performed underhand or overhead. The serve is the only shot where a player can take his time to set up.
  5. Ace-In tennis, an ace is a legal serve that is not returned because the server's opponent never touches the ball with their racket, thereby losing the point.

Top 10 Female Players in the History of Tennis.

  1. Steffi Graff
  2. Martina Navratilova
  3. Margaret Smith Court
  4. Chris Evert
  5. Helen Wills Moody
  6. Billie Jean King
  7. Monica Seles
  8. Serena Williams
  9. Evonne Goolagong Cawley
  10. Justine Henin

Types of Courts in Tennis.

There are many different types of tennis court surfaces that you can play on. Each type will affect how you play. Some of the most common types include grass, clay, hard, and carpet courts.

  • Grass-Grass is one of the first types of types of tennis court surfaces. The grass surface is one of the fastest courts that you can play on. This surface is more slippery than hard courts, which will cause the ball to bounce lower and slide more. The bounce of the ball will also be determined by how healthy the grass is and how recently it has been mowed. These tennis court surfaces are rarely used because they are more expensive to maintain. They require frequent watering and mowing, and will also take longer to dry after a rainfall.
  • Clay-One of the next types of tennis court surfaces is clay. The color of the clay can range from gray, to green, to red. These tennis court surfaces are slow because the ball bounces slowly and has less forward motion. Therefore, matches on clay surfaces usually last longer because it is harder to achieve a winning shot. These tennis court surfaces are favored by defensive players who tend to play from the baseline.
  • Hard-Hard tennis court surfaces are the most common. They can be made of cement, asphalt, or plastic. These tennis court surfaces are slower than grass courts, but faster than the clay designs. Hard surfaces have the advantage of giving the ball the most predictable bounce, so you are less likely to misjudge the bounce. Also, these surfaces are much easier to maintain as you can use a broom or blower to keep them clean.
  • Carpet-One of the final types of tennis court surfaces is carpet. These surfaces have various playing characteristics. This depends on the texture, thickness, and materials used to make the carpet. These tennis court surfaces are most often used indoors. However, carpets that are made from synthetic grass are commonly used both outside and indoors.

Types of Tennis Racquets

  • Super-oversize tennis racquet heads: Have 116 to 135-inch heads and are more forgiving than other racquet heads. Caution: these may provide more power than most players require.
  • Oversize tennis racquet heads: Have heads that measure between 100 and 115 inches. These racquets have large sweet spots, which help beginners hit the ball. 
  • Mid-plus tennis racquet heads: These are sometimes called mid-over tennis racquets and have heads ranging from 95 to 105 inches. This is a good racquet for players looking for control coupled with power. 
  • Midsize tennis racquet heads: These have heads ranging from 80 to 93 inches and have smaller sweet spots than midplus and oversize racquets. Intermediate to advanced players should opt for these types of tennis racquets because although they require more precision, they also provide more control. 
  • Standard tennis racquet heads: These are tennis racquets that have heads smaller than 80 inches (typically 66 inches) and fall into the vintage tennis racquets category.

Top Tournaments in Tennis

The Major Grand Slam Tournaments  are following.

  1. Wimbledon
  2. U.S Open
  3. Australian Open
  4. French Open

Another major competition is the Davis Cup, in which the participant represents their country, while Grandslams are for individual participants. There are also many other ATP tournaments for individual participations.


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