Women In India Excelling With Their Luminous Presence And Taking India To The Heights Of Glory!
We often refer to Nature as ‘Mother Nature’, so why exactly do we do this? Well, a mother or a woman is one who gives life and nurtures the ones around her; just as how nature helps to create, cradle and sustain life. Women are a symbol of fertility, beauty and nature in its most glorious form! It is an indisputable fact that women constitute half the human race, and yet, it is sad to witness little girls and women being victimized and oppressed worldwide.
Status of Women In Indian Culture :
The status of women in Indian culture has been undergoing a series of ups and downs from the ancient Vedic times to the present millennium. Indian women were believed to have enjoyed equal status and rights in all walks of life for example, in education, politics, literature, science and even at battles during the Vedic period. It is believed that in the vedic period, girls were married only at a matured age and only with their consent.
Things however deteriorated for the worse, when the medieval period began and India was invaded by various Mughal armies and Westerners. The practice of child marriages, polygamy, jauhar, sati and devadasi are believed to have started. Women’s status was only contained in the household and the scenario was that, educating women was not even close to being a priority.
Rise Of Women : Breaking All Bondages!
Presently Indian women have really started a power surge from driving taxis to being CEOs of large MNCs. The modern Indian women have excelled in all walks of life and are independent on their male counterparts shining luminously with dedicated and passionate efforts...now sky is their limit and they are not ready to settle for anything less!
Women Reformer In India : Reaping Rich Rewards And Setting the Track for Great Reforms!
Women like Savitribai Phule have changed the entire face of India with their social and educational reforms. She was a dominant personality and her will to educate women and her attempt to empower them during British India’s era reaped rich rewards . Savitribai Phule also played a massive role in the Indian freedom struggle as well. She along with her husband founded the first women’s school at Bhide Wada in Pune in 1848. She also worked to abolish caste and class discrimination in India. She was a renowned poet with two published books and a great mother of this nation.
Women In Indian Freedom Struggle: A Tribute to the Fearless Personalities!
During the Indian freedom struggle against the British, many men and women had sacrificed their entire life for the freedom we Indians enjoy today. This is a tribute for a few of the great women who have strived for and achieved India’s freedom. Rani Lakshmibai the queen of the Marathas is considered to be the among the first woman freedom fighter. When the British came to capture the city Gwalior in 1858, Lakshmibai fought them valiantly till her death, instead of surrendering.
Another queen, Begum Hazrat Mahal also played an important role in the first rebellion of 1857. During the rebellion, Begum and her army captured Lucknow but the British recaptured Lucknow and exiled Begum to Calcutta, from where she again amassed supporters for her protest against the British for demolishing temples and mosques.
Another famous woman freedom fighter was Madam Bhikaiji Cama, a Parsi woman, a social worker and a philanthropist. She was a freedom fighter who fought from Europe, where she went to treat the bubonic plague she contracted from the 1896 epidemic that hit Mumbai. On August 22nd 1907 she unfurled the Indian Flag in Stuttgart, Germany. She was widely known to create awareness in Europe about the Indian Freedom struggle.
Kasturba Gandhi, the wife of the ‘father of the nation’ Mahatma Gandhi, fought for freedom alongside her husband and even took her husband’s place in his absence. She taught villagers about hygiene, reading, discipline and basic health lessons. Gandhi also had other women freedom fighters alongside him, like Aruna Asaf Ali and Sucheta Kripalani.
Popularly known as ‘The nightingale of India’, Sarojini Naidu was responsible to have launched Women’s Indian Association. She spread the seeds of freedom in the minds of Indian women and she was the second women to be the president of the Indian National Congress after Annie Besant, and the first Indian women to be the president.
Kamala Nehru, the wife of Jawaharlal Nehru was also a prominent freedom fighter and supported her husband in the rallies and satyagrahas. She also took the stage in her husband’s absence and was also known to rally groups of women against the British.
Similarly Nehru’s sister Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit was a very important Indian politician. She was the first woman president of the United Nations General Assembly and the first woman to be the ambassador to three different countries USA, England and Russia.
Durgabai Deshmukh was another follower of Gandhi, playing a pivotal role in his satyagrahas. She became a Lok Sabha member and was a member of the Planning Commission of India. She was also reputed for improving education, healthcare, and rehabilitation for handicapped people. Durga Bai was a lawyer, a politician and a social activist.
Women In Indian Politics : Prominent leaders recreating History!
Indian politics have seen many prominent leaders in its history and Indira Gandhi, the only daughter of Nehru, is one such name. She was India’s fourth prime minister and she is the only woman to have held this position. She was known for her Iron Hand rule and reforms that brought development and infrastructure to the Indian shores.
Dr. Muthulakshmi Reddy was the first woman legislator in India, discontinued studying in England as she was invited by the Women’s Indian Association to enter the Madras Legislative Council and was immediately elected as Deputy President. She also took up a stance against the British and she was a social activist too.
Pratibha Patil is an Indian politician who served as the 12th Indian president and was the first woman to hold this office. She is a member of the Indian National Congress and has held many important cabinet portfolios including being a member of the Lok Sabha.
Indian Women In Sports : Outstanding performances bringing Glory to India!
India has produced lots of sports women over the decades; they have made us proud and have inspired many young girls to follow their footsteps. Here are the few names who have touched the sky and still shine as bright stars and who have made us all proud!
P.T. Usha, hailing from Kerala, is considered to be one of the greatest athletes India has produced. Her records and achievements in Track and Field are impeccable with a tally of 101 international medals to her name.
J.J Shobha is a Karnataka athlete who is a heptathlon athlete and is known for her performance in the 2004 Olympics where she completed her event despite being injured. She received the Arjuna Award for this performance.
Kunjarani Devi, hailing from Manipur, is one of the most prominent athletes in weight-lifting from India. She has a tally of more than 50 international medals to her name.
Diana Edulji, considered to be the greatest Indian woman cricketer of all time, this slow left arm orthodox bowler still remains the highest wicket taker with 120 wickets to her name.
Humpy Koneru, hailing from Andhra Pradesh, is one of the highest ranked chess grandmasters in the world and the best from India. She was the youngest woman grandmaster till 2008, losing the honor Hou Yifan.
Karnam Malleswari, hailing from Andhra Pradesh is an Indian weightlifter with a tally of 11 gold medals and 3 silver medals. However her biggest achievement was winning the bronze medal in the 2000 Olympics, becoming the first Indian woman to do so.
Mary Kom is a renowned Indian boxer who has brought Indians great pride, she was the only Indian boxer to get a gold medal in the 2014 Asian games and she is the only Indian Boxer to qualify for the 2012 Olympics.
Sania Mirza is a professional tennis player who recently ascended to the number one doubles player in the world. She is India’s number one player in both singles and doubles. Mirza is the most prominent woman tennis player India has produced.
Saina Nehwal is a badminton player who also has recently been ranked number one by Badminton World Federation, being the first Indian woman and second Indian to do so.
Women In All Walks Of Modern India : Supra Minds , Above the Ordinary!
Without women, none of us would have the luck to see the light of life. Today’s woman can rise above the social inequality they face to even outsmart, out-perform and out-wit the men around them. Today’s woman can do any job a man can, from serving the police and volunteering as firefighters to serving in the army and flying space shuttles, and some jobs even a man can’t, especially that of being a mother! Today India has reached where it is, thanks to many Indian womens’ sweat, tear and blood.