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Survival Shelters

Updated on April 26, 2014


If you find yourself out in the wilderness and in need of shelter you are going to have to focus on a few things before you pick a spot the set up a temporary camp:

- How long am I going to be here?

This is the first one as it affects all the other questions that determine where you will be setting up camp. If you are just passing through and know you will be back on your way tomorrow then being near fresh water is not going to be an issue.

- What are the biggest dangers?

Take a look around and sum up what the biggest dangers you are facing are and deal with those, or rather, manage those the best you can based upon the time you suspect you will be within your location.

- Rescue?

Are you looking to be rescued or are you simply just looking to survive or get by until a certain time - a time you know someone will be showing up to meet you or relieve you.

Survival Essentials

Lets for the sake of argument, the scenario you find yourself in is that you are lost and you (for whatever reason) will need to spend at least two weeks in your current location.

Considerations need to be thought through before setting up camp/a shelter.

How far is a clean water supply?

There is no real way to test if a water is clean enough to drink. Boiling is a good way to make water safe from most natural concerns you can also get water purification pills that can be put in unboiled water and do the same job. If it is an emergency you unfortunately have to take the risk. If it is not an emergency a further scouting of the area might find a better supply. Do not go for the first you find if you are not satisfied.

Is this area safe from wild animals?

If you are worried about wild animals you need to keep a fire burning but most importantly there needs to be a some smoke. The smell of smoke instinctively frightens animals away.

If you have the resources and time you might want to build a fortress of sharp sticks and thorny bushes to encircle yourself.

If you have been eating meat, make sure you get rid of all of the meat and put it up in a safe location away from where you are sleeping. If you plan on butchering anything I would advise you do this far from where you camp as the bits you throw away are some animals favourites.

Is there a risk of flooding from rain?

You need to be sure that you are not setting up your camp in a dip because if it rains, and then doesn't stop for a while, you and your things are going to get wet!


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    • RTalloni profile image


      4 years ago from the short journey

      These are good questions to think through. The one on using smoke to stave off wild animals seems important enough to consider how to make a smoker rather than a fire.

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      I think after 12.12.2012 some people are feeling foolish. I know some people who refuse to even admit they were wrong and swept up in the whole fear.. I don't know them anymore I should add!

    • Tyler Bracken profile imageAUTHOR

      Tyler Bracken 

      7 years ago from Berlin, Germany

      It is quite green and fresh looking isn't it? I think it could get quite cold in the winter months, though!

    • profile image

      Giselle Maine 

      7 years ago

      A very interesting hub. I like the picture of the emergency tent shelter.

    • Hitmangordo profile image


      8 years ago from Vidor, Texas

      Thanks this information was useful.


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