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Freshwater Fishing Trivia

Updated on November 26, 2014

Freshwater Fishing: Trivia, Facts and Information

Freshwater fishing trivia is always a popular subject. Fish trivia encompasses a variety of subjects such as sizes, ages, record catches, angling techniques, locations, historical facts, and other topics.

Species-specific information about freshwater fish is also popular, especially unusual or record setting catches. Fishing facts and trivia may also involve fishing tackle, boats, gear and equipment.

Freshwater Fish Records: Size, Weight, Age

The white sturgeon is the largest freshwater fish species in North America. These enormous fish are found on the West Coast, in British Columbia Canada, Alaska, Washington, Idaho, Montana and California. Their armor-plated bodies can reach 20 feet in length and weigh over 1500 lbs.

Blue catfish are the largest American catfish. They can grow to over 55 inches long and weigh over than 100 pounds, living up to 25 years.

Mosquitofish, killifishes, and some minnows live one year or less. Sturgeons and carp can survive for 100 years or more. Many freshwater fish have lifespans of 10 - 15 years.

Bass - Sunfish Trivia

The sunfish family of freshwater fish includes 27 species, all native to North America. Well known members of this family include largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, rock bass, bluegill, pumpkinseed, shellcrackers, green sunfish, crappie, flier, and other species.

- Largemouth bass are considered a gamefish; no commercial harvests of these fish for food are allowed in the U.S.

- After nearly six months of waiting, Manabu Kurita of Japan was recognized with George Perry of Georgia, USA by the International Game Fish Association's (IGFA) as dual holders of the All-Tackle record for largemouth bass. Each angler caught a monster largemouth that weighed 22 lb 4 oz.

- Largemouth bass will eat nearly anything that they can swallow including fish, crustaceans, amphibians, reptiles, small mammals and other bass.

- Several species of sunfish are known to hybridize. Hybrid sunfish vary depending on which species of fish interbreed as well as the sex of the parents.

Salmon - Trout Facts

Some salmon, char and trout are anadromous; they live most of their adult lives in the open ocean but migrate back to freshwater rivers, creeks and streams to spawn.

The Arctic char is the northernmost member of the Salmonidae family which includes salmon and trout. Arctic char are found in both freshwater and saltwater in Arctic, sub-Arctic and alpine lakes and coastal waters in the northern hemisphere.

Carp Trivia

- Carp are among the largest members of a group of fish which includes minnows, goldish and koi.

- The common carp has been important as a food fish since ancient times.

- Carp were among the first fish raised in aquaculture, with carp production occurring in China as far back as 3500 B.C.

- Silver carp are notorious for leaping as high as 10 feet into the air, often causing injury to boaters.

Fish Statistics

According to the U.S Fish and Wildlife service, more than 30 percent of U.S. fish populations are in decline, and half of U.S. waters are impaired.

Alternative Fishing Methods

Alternative fishing methods have been used since the dawn of angling. Although present day alternative fishing techniques are subject to strict regulations, this was not always the case.

In a United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries Report on the Condition of the Sea Fisheries of the South Coast of New England in 1871 and 1872., spears, poisoning, explosives, and harpoons were among the list of gear used for capturing fish.

flathead catfish
flathead catfish

Fish Noodling

"Noodling" is a type of hand fishing for catfish that is legally practiced in rivers, lakes or ponds in a handful of southeastern states. Noodling is when a person wades or swims into water and inserts a hand down into holes under mud banks, rocks, or inside of hollow logs.

Using bare hands as bait, the noodler wiggles their fingers in the hole in hopes that they find a large catfish. If the noodler is lucky, a monster catfish will strike and attempt to swallow their hand. The fisherman then must pull the fish out onto land or onto a waiting boat without being pulled under water.

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