ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

History Of Sport In the United Kingdom

Updated on October 1, 2009

Medieval Football

A game played between two towns, the base for the modern football game.
A game played between two towns, the base for the modern football game.

In the Medieval period (1200 – 1485) people had little time or energy for recreational activities due to the enormous amounts of hard graft that they had to put in to sustain themselves and their families. Therefore leisure activities were very looked forward to occasions which were originally confined to feast days and special celebrations. Each village would have their own particular activities for the feasts, but the government in these days would ban certain activities in favour of archery training which they encouraged for battles.

During the Tudor and Stuart period (1485 - 1714) games and activities flourished, but Puritanism greatly reduced the opportunities to play and the types of activity allowed. After the restoration in 1660, traditional activities were revived and sport moved away from its former links with merrymaking and lawlessness.

The Hanoverian period (1714 - 1790) was an era when play and sport were largely ignored by the government, so people of all classes were able to enjoy their leisure time to the full without fear of recrimination. While industrialisation demanded regular working patterns, there was a certain amount of pressure to have Sunday kept as a day of rest, which meant that this is when sport and leisure activities were predominantly played. However large gatherings often meant that there was a lot of social disorder, so regular, organised, rule-governed sport on a national scale began to emerge at this time.

From 1790 -1830 traditional sport undertook a bit of a bashing – factory owners wanted a regular working week and property owners feared the damage caused by the large crowds attracted to play and watch sports. Churches criticised sport and claimed that it bred idleness and drunkenness. However commercialisation of sport developed with horse racing, cricket and prize fighting being the main targets.

During the Victorian era (1830 – 1901) sport developed in the context of industrial capitalism and class inequality. The middle classes decided that sport developed character and morality, but competition had to be fair and rule-governed with similar conditions for all players. Working class sport in schools was largely limited to gymnastics. It was also believed that sport should be played, not for reward, but for its own sake. National governing bodies and public schooling provided a gateway for sport to develop nationally, and having Saturday free from work, meant that the majority of people could now play and watch sporting activities. Sport became more serious in that amateur and professional sport became increasingly separated.

Organised sporting involvement expanded rapidly across all classes during the Edwardian era (1901 – 1918) but more and more the different classes played their sport separately. Public sport athleticism still dominated sport and male working class influence increased, notably in football in England and rugby in Wales. However, working class women were largely excluded from sporting involvement. Commercialisation of sport continued with large numbers of spectators and increased numbers of professionals in major sports.

Old Rugby Football game
Old Rugby Football game

Modern Sports History

In the period between the world wars (1918 - 1940) steady growth in sports participation continued for all classes of society, although the working class were least involved. Football continued to increase in popularity and by the 1930s, was the most popular sporting activity by far. Lack of facilities became an issue, particularly when national teams failed and there was little government involvement in sport, apart from physical education in schools. Commercialisation of sport expanded rapidly and sport, as a part of a national culture, now extended to the majority of the population.

Modern day sport (1940 – the present day) has seen an improved standard of living has enabled greater participation in sport for most social groups. Television coverage increased in importance for sport and the sponsors and an advisory Sports Council was established in 1965, and an executive Sports Council in 1972. Physical Education moved away from ‘education’ and focused more on physical recreation and health-related fitness.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • tectonic profile image

      tectonic 

      7 years ago from Singapore

      Handy information you have provided . Will check out your other hubs

    • profile image

      john 

      8 years ago

      this is class !!!!!!!!!!!!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)