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Maryland Largemouth Bass Fishing

Updated on January 26, 2012

Largemouth Bass Fishing in Maryland

This page has information on fishing for largemouth bass in Maryland rivers, creeks, ponds and lakes.

The western part of the state is known for its reservoirs and large rivers such as the Potomac.

The eastern shore is known for its excellent river and small pond fishing for largemouth bass.

Maryland anglers catch largemouth bass from shore, aboard private boats, or fish with professional guides.

pocomoke river largemouth bass
pocomoke river largemouth bass

Bass Fishing on the Eastern Shore

The Eastern Shore of Maryland has several fantastic rivers for bass fishing including the Pocomoke, Wicomico, Nanticoke and Choptank Rivers. Anglers fish from private boats or fish with a local guide for largemouth bass and other freshwater fish in these waterways.

For more information of bass fishing on the Pocomoke, Nanticoke, Choptank and Wicomico River, visit Pocomoke River Bass Fishing.

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What Do Largemouth Bass Eat?

As with most fish, knowing what largemouth bass eat on a daily basis will give anglers some insight into how to catch them. In Maryland, most largemouth bass fishing occurs in farm ponds, swamps and tidal rivers.

In these areas, bass feed on smaller fish such as sunfish, perch and minnows. They also feed on crayfish, frogs, insects and other invertebrates.

In many ponds and rivers, bluegill and pumpkinseed are essential forage fish for largemouth bass. These 2 species of sunfish multiply rapidly and prefer the same habitats as bass.

Maryland Bass Fishing Guide

Capt Bruce Wootten - Bass Fishing Guide

nanticoke river
nanticoke river

Nanticoke River Bass Fishing

Guided bass fishing trips on the Nanticoke River

The Nanticoke River is certainly one of the best Eastern Shore Rivers for bass fishing. On weekends anglers may see tournament fisherman from several states because the river fishes "big enough" to accommodate 50-150 boat events.

The Largemouth Bass Choptank River Initiative

The Maryland Department of Natural Resources (DNR) Inland Fisheries Division is working on a largemouth bass improvement strategy for the Choptank River, which has seen a decline in black bass reproduction in recent years.

"There are far fewer adults and juveniles in the Choptank River than there were 10 years ago," said DNR tidal Bass manager Joseph Love. "There are a lot of possible reasons for that. We're trying to focus on one of the most important reasons that the population seems to be struggling, and that's reproduction."

Maryland Bass Federation volunteers and DNR staff are working together to build wooden nesting boxes and educate fishermen. It's important that anglers and other boaters remain aware of these boxes so they can be left alone and, as tempting as it may be, it's important for anglers to avoid fishing for the protective males that are guarding these nests.

DNR's long-term bass stocking program will add more than half a million fry and fingerlings to the Choptank River system over the next ten years.

"Stocking of largemouth bass is absolutely necessary- especially in the Choptank and Chester Rivers," said DNR Eastern Regional Manager Richard Schaefer.

source: DNR press release

Freshwater Fishing

Freshwater Fishing News

Top Maryland Bass Fishing Lures

- Soft plastic worms were among the original bass fishing lures. Since the early versions, literally thousands of variations have been produced. Popular worm rigs include Texas, Carolina, floating and wacky rigs.

- Jerk baits are popular soft plastics. They are rigged on an offset shank hook or jig head.

- Jigs come in hundreds of styles including classic marabou crappie jigs, bucktails, feather jigs, soft bodied grubs, shad bodies, tubes, etc.

- Spinner baits are a type of combination lure, which pairs a jig with a spinner blade.

- Buzz baits are similar to spinner baits. These lures combine a jig type hook with a large, noisy propeller.

- Poppers are a family of lures whjch consist of a hard body with cupped or wedge shaped mouth.

- Stick baits include torpedo to pencil shapes with tapered ends. Some variations have propellers or skirted tails.

- Crankbaits come in an array of shapes and sizes. Most float at rest and dive when retrieved although some models sink. Most share common characteristics such as a hard lip, multiple treble hooks.

- Rattle traps are hard bodied diving lures oscillate when retrieved. Most contain metal balls inside which rattle when moved

- Spoons come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Spoons wobble or spin as they pass thru water. Depending on the type, spoons may be cast, trolled or jigged.

- Soft bodied frogs are among the most weedless of all rigs. The hooks are well concealed and they float on the surface, allowing anglers to cast into heavy vegetation.

- Tube lures feature a hollow tube which has tentacles on the rear. They are available in sizes from about an inch up to several inches in length. Small tubes are rigged on jig heads while larger versions are usually rigged on an offset shank hook similar to worm rigs.

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      bassrumors 5 years ago

      We have a section dedicated to Maryland bass fishing reports. BassRumors Bass Fishing Forum!