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Mossberg 500

Updated on March 5, 2015

Introduction to the Mossberg 500

The Mossberg 500 is a very versatile shotgun. The Mossberg 500 has numerous uses, from personal security to military, police to recreational, the 500 model Mossberg is very popular.

The Mossberg 500 isn't a single model of shotgun, but is a series of shotguns that have the same basic receiver and action. Each Mossberg 500 can have different bore sizes, barrel lengths, choke options and varrying stocks and forearms.

This lens is an introduction to the Mossberg 500 and the different models in the 500 series.

Ease of Use and Cleaning

Why the Mossberg 500 shotgun is so popular.

The Mossberg 500 is a rugged shotgun that is designed for use in harsh conditions. While almost no weapon is fully "mud" friendly, the Mossberg 500 is pretty close. The 500 series is designed to be easy to use and easy to clean and maintain.

All Mossberg 500 shotguns have interchangeable barrels which can be removed and changed quickly without any tools. This allows for varied uses of the 500 depending upon your application.

Almost all of the Mossberg 500 models are similar in design. They use a dual action bar which is less likely to bind and a single lock lug to secure the breech. The "magazine" for shells is located below the barrel and shells are fed into the chamber with a pump action.

There are numerous options for this shotgun, from flashlight mounts to various sights and slings.

The Model 500 Mossberg series describes the pump shotguns that are designed to chamber 3" shells. The standard Mossberg 500 will hold up to five 2 3/4" shells or four 3" shells with one in the chamber.

The Mossberg 500 comes in 12 gauge, 20 gauge and .410 bore with the 12 gauge being the most popular model.

The Mossberg 500 is also very popular amongst the sport shooting crowd for turkey shoots and target shooting.

Mossberg 500 Disassembly - How to disassemble your Mossberg 500 for cleaning or repair.

One of the most important things to remember to help make your shotgun, whether a Mossberg 500 or not, last for years is to properly clean it. Most of the time, and I am guilty as well, people just run the barrel snake down the tube and maybe wipe it down with some oil. However, if you really want to clean the inner workings of the shotgun, here is a great video on how to do that properly.

Safety Tip: ALWAYS, ALWAYS make sure your weapon is UNLOADED before cleaning or handling, especially when at home or around others.

Surefire LED Weaponlight For Mossberg 500 and 590 Shotguns
Surefire LED Weaponlight For Mossberg 500 and 590 Shotguns

The SureFire 623LF replaces the original forend of your your Mossberg 500 with 7 ¾-Inch forend tube. There are two separate switches integrated into the forend: a momentary-on pressure pad switch (right side) and a constant-on rocker switch (left side).


Two Categories of the Mossberg 500

Two styles for general use.

The Mossberg 500 is a popular shotgun for hunters, target shooters, military and law enforcement. However, there are two general categories that a factory Mossberg 500 comes in for the general public.

The field model has various barrel lengths and finishes and can be used for numerous purposes. Turkey hunting, waterfowl or upland game hunting or slug usage are the most popular uses of the field model. The field models generally come with interchangeable choke tubes and rib vents in the barrel. The slug models come with rifle sights or scope mounts and generally have a smooth cylinder bore.

The second category is the special purpose model. These Mossberg 500 models are intended for self-defense, police or military usage. The only two models that fall into this category are the Mossberg 590 and the eight (8) shot model 500. These also have short barrels ranging from 18 1/2" to 20" depending on the shot load.

Some of the special purpose models are not available for purchase by the general public and require special permits to order them. Generally speaking, the special purpose Mossberg 500 models are reserved for military or police applications.

The Mossberg 500 HS410 is one exception to this rule. It is a .410 gauge shotgun that is designed for personal protection and comes with an 18 1/2" barrel. Even though is is the least powerful shotgun when compared to a 12 or 20 gauge, the short barrel and spreader choke allow for a wide pattern for home defense.

The Mossberg 500 in Action - Shooting the Mossberg 500.

Tactical Mossberg 500 - Going tactical easily with your 500

NcSTAR Red Dot Reflex Sight with 4 Different Reticles
NcSTAR Red Dot Reflex Sight with 4 Different Reticles

Features a 100% safe, battery-powered red LED light to point wherever you're aiming, this tool helps you train your eye on dead-center accuracy, every time. You control brightness with a 7-position rheostat knob... no matter your environment, you can always find a mode that's easy to see.


What do you think? - Any ideas or suggestions to improve this lens?

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    • Diana Wenzel profile image

      Renaissance Woman 6 years ago from Colorado

      Excellent review. Thanks!

    • profile image

      snafu448 7 years ago

      Great lens, I like to see Mossberg fans.

    • profile image

      ratrinjt 8 years ago

      good lens...I got a mossberg tactical persuader and I LOVE IT.... Great for home defense.

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      gh000 9 years ago

      awesome lens!