ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Experience Skydiving

Updated on April 18, 2011

Skydiving is the sport that involves parachuting from an airplane. It grew out of the air show demonstrations in the 1930's and parachute tactics employed in World War II. See parachute. The activity is also called sport parachuting. A world championship meet is held every two years. The sport in the United States is controlled by the National Aeronautic Association, Washington, D. C., through the United States Parachute Association, Inc., and internationally by the Federation Aeronautique Internationale, Paris, France. In 1959 the first sport-parachuting center in the United States was opened at Orange, Mass. By the 1970's there were about 50,000 sport parachutists in the United States and half a million worldwide.

Criteria used in judging competitive contests are: (1) accuracy in landing near a marked target, usually a disk at the center of a large cross; (2) style in free fall; and (3) group free-fall linkups called relative work. Landing accuracy is rated by the distance in meters or yards from the center of the target to the point where the parachutist first touches ground. New types of parachutes that can be steered, improved methods of wind measurement, and increased skill among parachutists have resulted in some notable records, based on the average distance from the target in two or more successive jumps. In 1960 the first two world records by U. S. parachutists were set: 1.02 meters (3.35 feet) with parachute open at 1,000 meters (3,280 feet), and 0.62 meters (2.03 feet) with parachute open at 1,500 meters (4,920 feet). By the early 1970's most accuracy records were superseded by several successive dead-center landings.

Style in free fall- the way the contestant holds his body from the time he leaves the aircraft until he opens the parachute- involves various points. All events start with the body on a preselected heading during free fall. The contestant loses points for buffeting (longitudinal body rocking), fish tailing (horizontal swaying), or if his body falls on the side. He is disqualified if his back turns toward the earth (except in controlled loops) or if his fall is disordered. Some free-fall events require definite movements within time limits, such as 360° horizontal left and right turns and backward loops. At one time, turns to be performed were signaled from the ground. With increased proficiency, maneuvers are now preselected and judged only on speed of execution.

A skilled parachutist can increase or decrease his rate of descent while maintaining his stability. A combination of controlled forward speed, controlled turns, and variable descent rate has enabled several skydivers to pass a baton from one to another during free fall. In relative work, 20 or more experts have met and linked hands in a circle before separating in order to deploy their parachutes at a safe altitude of 2,500 feet (762 meters).

Skydivers use two parachutes on a single harness: the main one is on the back, the smaller reserve one on the chest. Boots, helmet, coveralls, nonfogging plastic goggles, altimeter, stopwatch, and gloves are basic equipment.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)