ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Target Archery

Updated on January 25, 2010

Archery is the sport of shooting with bow and arrow. It is practiced in two forms: target archery and field archery, including bow-hunting. In target archery, target distances are fixed, and shooting is done with the aid of mechanical sights. In field archery, target distances are varied, and archers shoot either by the bare bow or special sight method.

Archery had its inception in primitive cultures as a method of self-preservation. For many centuries the bow and arrow was used as a weapon of warfare and as a means of providing food and clothing. During the 16th century, archery flourished as a sport, especially in England, where both kings and the rank and file of the citizens participated in contests.

In the United States the sport became organized with the founding in 1828 of the first archery society, the United Bowmen of Philadelphia, although the game did not become popular until after the Civil War. Modern archery in the United States really began in 1879 with the founding of the National Archery Association at Crawfordsville, Indiana, and the holding of the first target archery tournament at Chicago. Field archery, a later development, was launched officially in 1939 with the establishment of the National Field Archery Association. The first national field archery tournament was held at Allegan, Michigan, in 1946. Both the governing organizations provide separate classes of competition yearly for men, women, and juniors throughout the United States.

Photo by Lisa Solonynko
Photo by Lisa Solonynko

In target archery, archers shoot a specified number of arrows at established distances from a target with prescribed scoring values. In tournaments, contestants shoot a definite number of ends (six arrows shot consecutively) at given distances, the total number of shots being called a round. A double round consists of shooting two rounds in succession.

The standard target face, mounted on a vertical butt, has a diameter of 48 inches and a marked series of five concentric rings (10 rings for international competition). A hit in the center (gold) ring scores the most points. Men's national championships include double York and American rounds; women's, double National,

American, and Columbia rounds. Other popular rounds include the Metropolitan and the Hereford. Younger competitors shoot shorter rounds. The winner of the championship is the archer who compiles the highest aggregate score.

Other target archery activities are clout, wand, and flight shoots. A clout shoot is a longdistance event. The target, marked out on the ground, has a white flag in its exact center. Though marked and scored like the standard archery target, the clout is 12 times as large, having a diameter of 48 feet instead of 48 inches. The center (gold) area is 9.6 feet wide; the other rings each are 4.8 feet wide. Men's clout consists of a total of 6 ends at 180 yards; women's, 6 ends at either 140 or 120 yards.

A wand shoot is a novelty event, the object being to hit a 2-inch-wide strip of soft wood (wand) extending 6 feet above the ground. Men shoot 6 ends at 100 yards; women and juniors, 6 ends at 60 yards.

The several classes of flight shooting (distance) events are determined by the drawing weight of specially designed bows.- In competition the archer shoots three arrows in each class and counts as official the one going the farthest.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      thats a good way to become a good archer like me,but to me my bow is compound ....and i cannot apply any of the above steps on it......

    • Jen's Solitude profile image

      Jen's Solitude 

      8 years ago from Delaware

      Wow what a difference from the archery I took in high school. Thanks for an informative hub.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)