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Gemstones and Jewelry: Classifications and categories

Updated on May 13, 2016

Gemstones pictures

Pair of high quality expensive and big sized emerald pair from Zambian mines.
Pair of high quality expensive and big sized emerald pair from Zambian mines.
Semi-precious beads fancy string from Jaipur
Semi-precious beads fancy string from Jaipur

Categories of Gems and Jewelry

Gems and Jewelry is a vast subject. There are many branches in this industry. One has to know the different categories and sub-categories of Gems and Jewelry industry to know the subject better. No serious efforts are made to classify Gems and Jewelry till date to the best of my knowledge. Hence, this is an attempt to classify Gems and Jewellery industry. Some of these categories are defined here with short descriptions.

Initially, we categorize the industry in two parts.

1 Gemstones and 2 Jewelry (Jewelry is also spelled as Jewellery in the UK and some other countries and as Jewellery in India).

Gemstones: This may be classified as 1 Diamond and 2 Colored Stones.

Diamond: It may be categorized as 1 Solitaires and 2 Small sized Diamonds or Setting Diamonds. You may also classify diamonds according to its cut. Brilliant, flat and beads are main cuttings of the diamond.

Colored Stones may be categorized as:

1. Precious gemstones:

Ruby, Pink-Blue-Yellow-Green-White Sapphires, Emerald, Pearl, Coral, Hessonite, Cat's eye, etc are among the precious stones. Precious stones belong to Navratna family according to Indian gemology. These gemstones were treated as expensive since ancient times. Hence, Navratna belongs to the precious category.

2. Semi-Precious gemstones:

There are hundreds of colored gemstones known as Semi-precious. These are comparatively less expensive. Hence, these stones belong to the Semi-precious category of colored gemstones. Tanzanite, Aquamarine, Garnet, Rhodolite, Citrin, Amethyst, Blue-White-Yellow Topaz, Pink-Green-White Quartz etc are some of the semi-precious stones.

Both precious and semi Precious stones are found in cut, cabochons, beads, drops, carvings, figures etc.

Beads are classified as plain and faceted.

Gemstones are expensive and normally faceted stones are costlier than beads, cabochons etc. Brilliant cut diamonds are more expensive than flat and beads.

Diamond and colored stone studded Jewelry

Ruby and diamond studded in 18K gold
Ruby and diamond studded in 18K gold | Source
Ruby and diamond studded in 18K gold with enamel
Ruby and diamond studded in 18K gold with enamel | Source

Classification of Jewelry

Jewelry may be classified as:

1. Plain gold Jewellery

2. Plain silver Jewellery

3. Studded Jewellery

4. Beaded Jewelry

Studded Jewelry may further be classified as:

1. Diamond studded Jewelry in gold

2. Diamond studded Jewelry in silver

3. Color stone studded Jewelry in gold

4. Color stone studded Jewellery (Jewelry)in silver

5. Diamond and Color stone studded Jewellery in gold

6. Diamond and Color stone studded Jewellery in silver.

The above-mentioned are classified on the basis of materials used in the respective Jewelry. Diamond jewelry studded in gold is normally the most expensive variety.

There are some other ways of classification e.g. on the basis of art, design, fashion or pattern.

Kundan Jadau Meena Jewelry

Beautiful Bracelet pair. An artistic Kundan Meena Jadau jewelry from Jaipur, the pink city.
Beautiful Bracelet pair. An artistic Kundan Meena Jadau jewelry from Jaipur, the pink city.

Assorting rough emeralds, Precious gemstones

Shaping a corundum ruby in Jaipur

Kundan Meena Vardhaman Gems

Gems and Jewelry quiz

view quiz statistics

Other kinds of Jewelry

Kundan Meena Jadau Jewellery has two subcategories:

1. Kundan Jadau without Meena

2. Kundan Jadau with Meena

There are classifications as per pattern such as:

1. Ganga-Jamuna Jewelry

2. Victorian Jewelry

3. Ethnic jewelry

4. Tribal Jewelry

5. Thewa art Jewelry

Followings are low range Fashion Jewelry:

1. Costume Jewelry

2. Imitation Jewelry

Costume or fashion Jewelry and imitation Jewelry are generally made of Silver, copper, steel and plastic. Normally Jewelers do not use gold in these varieties of Jewelry. They generally use Semi-precious stones and imitations in these patterns. Precious stones and diamonds hardly find their place in these kinds of Jewelry.

There can be many other ways by that Gem and Jewelry can be classified or categorized. One may go with ornament types e.g. Ring, Necklace etc.

One may classify as Antique or Modern etc.

I have given here only some basic inputs and idea.You can use your own method of classifying and categorizing gems and Jewelry.

Stringing Beads Vardhaman Gems

Which is most prefered one?

See results

Stringing Beads part 2 Vardhaman Gems

Stringing Beads Part 3 Vardhaman Gems


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    • WillSteinmetz profile image

      WillSteinmetz 6 years ago

      Thanks for the lots of information.

    • profile image

      jeanjane40 7 years ago

      would u suggest birth stones or no?

    • profile image

      N. Mittal 8 years ago

      Hi Jyoti,

      Superb information. Excellent hub. This will go up in search engines.

      I rate this as one of the best of your hubs. Classifying things are really difficult and you have attempted and accomplished the tough job.

      It is useful for common men as well as experts.

      Thumbs up!

      Mittal N

    • profile image

      Ashok Choraria 8 years ago


      You have classified well. I never seen such attempt anywhere else though in gems and jewelry trade in Jaipur since many many years. Thanks.

      Ashok Choraria

    • profile image

      Mehul Gupta 8 years ago

      Hi Jyoti Kothari,

      Well classified. Nice and informative supported by videos of Vardhaman Gems.


    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Dear vishal,

      i have been featured in hubpages for my today article. Thanks for your comments in my hubs and for congratulations too.


      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Vishal 8 years ago

      Hi Jyoti,

      Now you are a featured hubber. I have seen you today in featured hubber.

      You are writing so well and have been deserving for the same. This article is also very informative as usual.




    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Subroto,

      Classification of Gems and Jewelry is not new to India. However I have tried to do so according to present days scennario.

      I am tnankful to you for your compliment.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Subroto Mukherjee 8 years ago

      Hi Jyoti,

      Classification of Jewelry is new to us. No one has tried to do so. Thanks for trying to classify and categorize Gems and Jewellery.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Champak,

      You are always welcome. I will be glad to help you. You may be benefited with my experience in Gems and Jewelry trade.


      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Champak Madan 8 years ago

      Dear Jyotiji,

      You are writing wonderful articals. i am in Gems and jewelry business in jaipur but dont know that much about gemstones and jewelry. i will meet you and learn something. may i come to you for study?


    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Dear Suze,

      hubpage writers are doing wonderful job. I respect their knowledge and work. i have tried something to write about a vast topic like Jewelry. 30 years of experience in the Gems and Jewelry business helped me to write some.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Suze K 8 years ago


      i am amazed with your jewelry hubs. perhaps no one in the hubpages put so many hubs about gems and jewelry. You have awesomw knowledge and seems very authentic.

      Suze K

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Do you feel it modified? See videos.

      Jyoti kothari

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image

      Jyoti Kothari 9 years ago from Jaipur

      I will modify it.

    • profile image

      john schmit 9 years ago


      This does not like a complete list. I hope better from you. You have written very informative hubs earlier.