ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Classical Ladies' Fashion Design and The Society Changing (6): Philippine Terno

Updated on March 11, 2014
Source
Baro't saya
Baro't saya | Source
Baro't saya
Baro't saya | Source

Philippine Terno

Philippine national costume for women is called "terno", a word from Spanish meaning "for matching" or "to match". It is a long one-piece dress with upper bodice and lower skirt stitched together at waist. One distinctive feature is the appearance of the short sleeves. The sleeves are upright, a little high out of and flat against the shoulders, looking like butterfly wings, so the terno is also called "butterfly costume". Besides, the low neckline contours the bosom, appearing ladies' charm.

Since the long-term colonial history of Philippines by western countries, terno is actually an international integration of women clothings of many western countries, especially Spain. During the Spanish colonial period (1521-1898), traditional Philippine women clothing was known as Hispanized clothing, which was an ensemble called "baro't saya". The saya consisted of four parts: the camisa (a short blouse with sleeves), the alampay or panuelo (a type of shawl or overcoat worn over the camisa), the saya (a long skirt) and the tapis (a short overskirt wrapped around the saya). As Spanish missionaries spreaded the Christianity, women's clothing was reduced to conservatism. For example, a veil became necessary when women went to church, while certain parts of the body like foot or leg were never supposed to be showed off.

According to Fr. Joaquin Martinez de Zuñiga, the terno had acquired certain modern features by the early 19th century. The current Augustinian missionary and historian first observed some changes in baro't saya of Tagalog women (on Philippine Luson Island) in 1803. He wrote these words, "a kind of little shift, which scarcely reaches the navel". He noticed that Tagalog women did not wear the alampay regularly, but loosely like a handkerchief (For my knowledge, alampay was originally supposed to be worn officially, not just a shawl on common sense.), and the saya skirt like a "white linen cloth (which) encircle the body and is fastened by a button at the waist." In his record, Tagalog women had already thrown over the tapis.

A Seven-Layer Terno
A Seven-Layer Terno

In the American colonial era (1902-1946), the sleeves began to become shorter, and evolved from bell-shape to butterfly design. With this change, the alampay was found not to match and finally discarded. The tapis also began to disappear to fully show the gracefulness and variant fashion sense in the skirt. Eventually, the blouse was joined to the skirt to form one-piece long dress of the same material. So far, modern terno was formed. Some historians believe that the terno was born influenced by American evening gown. It was also recorded that the terno was characteristic of 7 layers to create the beauty of the skirt in the turn of last century (1900s). However, it came to be a point because that graceful design obviously did not match with the tropical climate in Philippines.

Edgar San Diego
Edgar San Diego
Imelda Marcos
Imelda Marcos | Source

After 1930s, the terno had gradually become less fashionable as Americanization increased. However, the previous First Lady, Imelda Marcos, popularised it again in 1970s. She was known as the most powerful woman in the Philippines. She was almost always in a terno in front of the public, and terno became an important part of the First Lady's agenda to fashion herself as a legendary character on political stage. Therefore, she was given an epithet "the Iron Butterfly", while her diplomatic activity was called "Butterfly Diplomacy".

Imelda is a real fashion woman, beautiful, graceful and noble, even though she was from a poor family. It was her who pulled on the tyle, the culture and the grace of the terno, and thus promoted this Oriental traditional costume world-known. Now, Imelda terno has become the basic form of the terno, i.e. low neckline, short sleeves, tight in the waist through the hips, and broad in the tail, which still has heavy Spanish feelings.




Source

Newly Developed Terno

Click thumbnail to view full-size

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Hui (蕙) profile imageAUTHOR

      Hui (蕙) 

      6 years ago

      Thanks, kerlynb, so much.

    • kerlynb profile image

      kerlynb 

      6 years ago from Philippines, Southeast Asia, Earth ^_^

      I love your hubs! I'm now a fan :) I also like your motto "Life Motto: If you do not start off, you will never arrive!" How true!

    • Hui (蕙) profile imageAUTHOR

      Hui (蕙) 

      6 years ago

      Thanks, fashion. Glad you enjoy it.

    • profile image

      fashion 

      6 years ago

      This is very informative and beautiful hub.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)