Different types of collars
Collars are very important part of a garment because it gives an emphasis to your face.
Since you give lot of focus to your face, the shape and style of collar is important to your look and the look of the garment.
Collar is an additional part joint at the neckline. It can vary in width. It can be one piece or two piece. There are many different styles of collar which will be discussed later in the article, but you must know that each collar has it's own expression, for eg ,shirt collar has a very different expression than that of a polo collar, hence Shirt collar is used in formal apparels while polo collar finds it's use in casual wear. so to decide upon which style of collar can be used in which type garment, you must study about different collars first.
So let's start by defining the parts of collar first:
A- Collar stand(The stand is from neckline seam to the roll line.)
B- Collar fall(The fall of collar from the roll line to outer edge.)
note: The roll line is where the collar roll over.
C- Collar points( The end points on the outer edge of the collar.)
D- Collar spread( the distance between the collar points is the collar spread.)
Now let's discuss different styles of collars one by one.
Shirt collar: It has all the parts of collar (ie. collar stand, fall, collar points and collar spread). This collar is same as in common shirt.
Band collar: This collar is attached to jewel neckline. It has only the collar stand. The collar width is usually one inch.
Variation of band collar- it has an opening at the center front, this is called Nehru/mandarin/ Chinese collar.
Notched lapel :This collar is generally used in coats & blazers. It is four piece collar with a notch at the joint of two lapels . variations in the shape of notch of the lapels gives various designs of collar. eg. L shaped lapel, Curved lapel, Fish mouth lapel
Dog eared collar: It is an immature collar, used in children garments. It resembles the shape of dog ears.
Cape collar: This collar is slight exaggeration of Bertha collar. It drops below the shoulder.
Bertha collar: It is a circular & soft collar, which covers the shoulder slope.
Wing collar: In this there is no collar band but, it has a wide collar spread. It can be attached to the round or jewel neckline.
Tennis collar: It's same as wing collar,but placket opening is there. It is a flat soft collar without collar band.
Funnel collar: It covers the entire neck & comes below the chin.
Roll down collar: It covers the entire neck and comes above the chin in length but, when rolled down it can end anywhere below the chin level.
Peter Pan collar: It’s a two piece or one piece collar . This is a soft collar and usually attached to jewel or round neckline. There is no collar band.
Convertible collar:It combines two kinds of looks by use of fasteners (i.e. buttons or zippers etc.), which may give a look of lapel when opened and a look of wing collar when closed.
Stand collar: It is a stiff collar which stands on the shoulder, around the neck and is used for dramatic effects, especially in theatrical garments.
Shawl collar: It is a soft , one piece collar. It is usually attached to V shape or decollate neckline. There is no collar spread. Collar points meet at center front.
Sailor collar: It’s a typical V shape in front and in back it’s in rectangle form.
Ruffle collar: when frill or ruffle is attached to the neckline, it's called as ruffle collar.
Cowl collar: Any collar which has exaggerated fall of the fabric makes a cowl collar.
Jabot: When one or two pieces of fine soft fabric is used to decorate the neckline, it makes the jabot collar.
Bow collar: Long strip of soft and pliable fabric is sewn to the round neckline, this is called bow collar.It can be tied in front in various ways.