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Gems and Jewelry business in Kolkata

Updated on July 17, 2016

Pendant with Beads

Kundan Meena Jadau Pendant with Spinal beads: Vardhaman Gems
Kundan Meena Jadau Pendant with Spinal beads: Vardhaman Gems

Gems and Jewelry business in Kolkata


Kolkata is a major center for Gems and Jewelry (Jewellery) business in India. Kolkata manufactures a huge quantity of diamond, gold and other Jewelry (Jewellery). It sells the highest quantity of Graharatna (Rashi Ratna / Navaratna) in India. Kolkata is the second largest consumer of diamonds in the world after New York.

Bengali artisans of Kolkata are the best in India in crafting gold and studded Jewelry. Bengali artisans are found all over India in manufacturing diamond and other studded Jewelry ( Jewellery). They are so famous and skilled that Jewelry artisans are nicknamed as Bengali in other parts of India. Most of them come from Domzur region of Kolkata. Another big colony of these artisans is situated in Kasaripada region.

Gold Jewelry: Kolkata is renowned for its gold Jewelry since centuries. Lakkhi Babu, P.C. Chandra, B.C. Sen, G.C. Addy are few famous names in traditional Bengali gold Jewelry. Kolkata uses tons of gold to manufacture and consume gold Jewelry. Bengali, Rajasthani, and Gujaratis are the main customers of these gold Jewelry.

Diamond Jewelry: Traditionally Bengalis are not the consumers of diamond jewelry. Mainly Rajasthani (Marwadi) and Gujaratis in Kolkata love to wear diamond Jewelry. Most of the diamond Jewelry shops are owned by Marwadi Jewelers (Jewellers) besides some of Gujaratis and others. Traditional Bengali Jewelers now have also been started adopting this business.


Beads: Precious and Semi Precious

Emerald Ruby Beads: Vardhaman Gems
Emerald Ruby Beads: Vardhaman Gems
Semi Precious Beads: Vardhaman Gems
Semi Precious Beads: Vardhaman Gems

Graharatna

Graharatna: Blue sapphire Oval, Ceylon, Vardhaman Gems
Graharatna: Blue sapphire Oval, Ceylon, Vardhaman Gems
Graharatna: Emerald Octagon, Zambian, Vardhaman Gems
Graharatna: Emerald Octagon, Zambian, Vardhaman Gems

Diamond Solitaires


Diamonds and solitaires: Kolkata is manufacturing hub for diamond jewelry because of availability of cheap and skilled artisans. It uses a huge quantity of small diamonds as a raw material in manufacturing Jewelry.

Wealthy merchants of Kolkata have a love for big sized diamonds. Solitaires between three to ten karats are very popular and sell at high price.

Marwadi females love to wear big sized diamonds studded in tops and nose pins. Nose pins with bigger sized diamonds are typical to Marwadi females in Kolkata only. They also love to wear diamonds studded Churis. Churi is an Indian version of Bangles, a slick variety. Both females and males wear solitaires in rings. Males of Kolkata typically use diamond buttons.

Which city is the biggest consumer of Graharatna (Rashiratna, Navaratna) in India ?

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Graharatna (Planet-gemstones) business in Kolkata


Graharatna: Graha means Planet in Indian languages and Ratna Means Gemstones. So the word Graha Ratna Means gemstones for planets. According to Indian astrology, each planet has been assigned particular gemstones. These are called Graharatna in Kolkata. Those are also called Navaratna and Rashi Ratna in other parts of India.

Kolkata is known for its Graharatna business. Kolkata consumes the maximum quantity of Graharatna in India. There are plenty of shops selling Graharatna. Most of these retail shops are situated in Bowbazar (Bepin Behari Ganguly street), Hati Bagan (Aurobindo Sarani) and Gariahat. There are many other retail shops in other parts of Kolkata also. The wholesale market of Graharatna is in Sonapatty for better quality goods and in Zakaria street for commercial quality.

Kolkata sells a huge quantity of Graharatna. Annual sales of Graharatna in Kolkata are about Rs.1000 million, as per an assumption. Kolkata supplies Graharatna to the rest of Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Tripura, Orissa, Jharkhand, and some parts of Uttar Pradesh.

Kolkata also exports Graharatna to the neighboring countries Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar and Bangladesh.

Kundan Meena Jadau Jewelry

Kundan Meena Jadau Jewelry


Large numbers of Marwadi industrialists, merchants and traders have been living in Kolkata since the 19th century. They traditionally love Kundan Meena Jadau Jewelry, artistic Jewelry of Mogul pattern. These are symbols of old traditions. Most of the Marwari (Rajasthani) families possess a huge quantity of Kundan Meena Jadau Jewelry. Despite they like to buy more.

These are also seen as bridal Jewelry. Kundan Meena with various colors and art are even in fashion nowadays. These are trendy.

Besides Rajasthani Gujaratis and Punjabis along with Muslim community like Kundan Meena Jadau Jewelry. It is not popular among common Bengalies.

Kolkata also manufactures Meena Jewelry in French and English style. These are different from Kundan Meena Jadau Jewelry manufactured in Jaipur, Bikaner, Hyderabad, Sardarshahar, and Varanasi. Kolkata does not use Kundan Jadau but goes with Meena (Enamel) only.

Bhawanipur region of Kolkata is renowned for its enamel work. They work on silver as well as gold.

Kolkata people also love Precious and Semi Precious gemstones and Beads.

Please do not leave the hub. Read the history of Kolkata Jewelers below.

Beads and Beaded Jewelry: Vardhaman Gems

Jewelers of Kolkata: History


Job Charnock, an officer in East India Company established Kolkata city merging three villages Sutanuti, Govindopur, and Kolikata. Clive Lloyd, governor, The East India company, defeated Sirazuddaula, Nawab of Murshidabad in the battle of Plassey and captured Bengal in 1757. The East India Company transferred its Capital from Murshidabad to Kolkata. The city was known as Calcutta at that time.

Wajid Ali Khan, Nawab of Awadh (Lucknow) was defeated by the Britishers in 1857. Calcutta (Kolkata) was established as the capital of East India company (later on of British India) and as the most progressive city in India by that time. Most of the Shrimal Jain Jewellers (Jewelers) of Lucknow shifted their business from Lucknow to Calcutta (Kolkata) after the decline of Wajid Ali Khan, Nawab of Awadh. They started their Gems and Jewelry business in Calcutta (Kolkata) and found their fortune in the place.

Rai Badridas Bahadur, son of Kalkadas Sindhar, was foremost among them. He had been appointed as the Court Jewelers of H.E. the Viceroy and Governor General of India and awarded the title of "Mookim". He established his firm Rai Badridas Bahadur Mookim and Sons, Jewellers. Rai Badridas Bahadur Mookim was also the founder of Bengal National Chamber of Commerce and Industries. This was the first National chamber of commerce in India.

He also built famous Paresh Nath temple at 36, Badridas temple street, Maniktalla, Kolkata, that is placed on the tourist map of India. Sukhlal Johari residing at 83, Beadon street also built a temple near Parasnath temple (27, Badridas temple street) and some other jewelers collectively built Jain Dadabadiat 29, Badridas temple street. Ganeshilal Kapoor Chand Kharad built Chandra Prabhu Jain Temple near the same.

Rai Badridas Bahadur Mookim was instrumental in bringing many Shrimal Jain Jewelers from Lucknow and Delhi. Most of the Shrimal Jain Jewelers were residing at Beadon street in Maniktalla at that time. The area was named as Maniktalla because most of the Jewelers at that time deal in Manik (Indian name for ruby). We have to remember that Myanmar (Burma) was part of India at that time. Myanmar produces the best quality of rubies in the world. Jewelers of Kolkata used to procure Ruby, sapphire and spinal rough from Burma and Siam (Thailand) for cutting and polishing. Kolkata was developed as major cutting and polishing center for ruby and sapphires. They had been exporting cut and polished rubies, spinal and sapphires to Europe and America.

Tank, Mehamwal, Parsan, Kharad, Badalia, Tambi, Bhandia, Phanpu, Dhandhia, Sukhani, Nakhat, Seth, Mogha, and Jharchur were some of the renowned Jewelers family besides Mookim at that period.

Chunni Lal Manikchand, Labhchand Motichand, Thakur Lal Hiralal etc were some of the famous Jewelers' houses. Likes of Hamilton company and Walters were some of the famous European Jewelry houses in Kolkata.

Know kundan Meena Jadau

Mahavira Swami temple built by Sukhlal Johari (1867)

Dadabadi, Kolkata

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    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
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      Jyoti Kothari 2 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Amit,

      You can mail me jyoti_kothari@yahoo.com

    • profile image

      amit choudhary 2 years ago

      I am in kolkatta how to contact u

    • profile image

      Saptarshi Mitra 5 years ago

      We do wholesale fashion jewelries...

      We would like to start sterling silver jewelry studded with semi precious stones...Whom should we contact....

      Our contact id is xportjewelry@emfex.com

    • RunAbstract profile image

      RunAbstract 5 years ago from USA

      Nice Hub! I especially love the photo of the ruby and emerald bead necklace! Voted up!

    • profile image

      onitsuka tiger 6 years ago

      Onitsuka tiger retailer,welcome you..

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      mallikarjuna 6 years ago

      Can i get the information about 916jewellery nd also about 78cl items.where can i get it?can u plz respond me at mallikarjunapunyamurthy@gmail.com with full details.

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    • profile image

      T. Palmer 6 years ago

      Hello,

      I am a jewelry designer and am interested in knowing where the best places are to buy gemstones in Calcutta. Also do you know any good contacts for manufacturing my jewelry designs?

      Thanks

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 6 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Gurmeet,

      How can I contact you?

    • profile image

      Gurmeet Singh 6 years ago

      hello, jyoti ji , i want to purchase neelam , what is the rate,i should go for it or not

    • profile image

      Sudipta Sinha 6 years ago

      if u don't mind could u tell me some old gems buyers

      of kolkata. cats eye. Actually I have bought a costly cats eye 10 months ego. But that is not so effective for me. I have consulted with my astrologer. Actually which cats eye is needed for me is of other type. I want to sell that cats eye. My contact no is 9836644263.

      Best wishes.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Niel,

      Thanks for visiting and commenting on this hub.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • Neil Ashworth profile image

      George Poe 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      That's really interesting, thanks for sharing.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Neil,

      Thanks for visiting and commenting on this hub.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • Neil Ashworth profile image

      George Poe 7 years ago from United Kingdom

      Excellent !!! Love it..

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Bihar,

      Thanks for visiting the hub, commenting on it. I appreciate your compliments.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • bihar profile image

      bihar 7 years ago from Patna

      Undoubtedly brilliant Indian sets here.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Sunil,

      You have lot of knowledge about Kolkata. Thanks for sharing.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Sunil 7 years ago

      Jyoti,

      Kolkata is a big center for Graharatna and diamonds. However, I came into know about diamond trading volume of Kolkata recently. It is astonishing that Calcutta buys maximum quantity of diamonds in the world.

      Thumbs up

      Sunil

    • profile image

      Sunil 7 years ago

      Jyoti,

      Kolkata is a big center for Graharatna and diamonds. However, I came into know about diamond trading volume of Kolkata recently. It is astonishing that Calcutta buys maximum quantity of diamonds in the world.

      Thumbs up

      Sunil

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Rocco071,

      Thanks for your comments.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • rocco071 profile image

      rocco071 7 years ago from by the lake

      Interesting learning Jyoti :)

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Dear Multifunction,

      Thanks for visiting the hub and commenting. Thanks again for a love to Jaipur.

      Jaipur is a major producer of Gemstones. However, it is not a big consumer city. Hence, I have not included Jaipur in the poll.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • multifunctions profile image

      Sanjay Sapre 7 years ago from India

      Jaipur is the most famous city for gems but you have forgot to include in your polls.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi all,

      Thanks for your love for this hub. Thanks for comments.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      ed hardy 7 years ago

      Thanks for your information, i have read it, very good?

    • profile image

      Surendra Bothara 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Dear Jyoti,

      I spent lot of my days in Kolkata. Kolkata is a great place for Gems and Jewelry business. Huge quantity of graharatnas are sold in Kolkata Jewelry shops.

      Thanks for a good hub.

      Surendra Bothara

    • profile image

      Manish khandelwal 7 years ago

      if u don't mind could u tells me some jewellery buyers

      of heydrabad. emereld, manak, glassfield

    • profile image

      Uday 7 years ago

      Hi,

      Nice hub. Very informative. Especially about old community of Jewelers.

    • profile image

      Anjali Kapadia 7 years ago

      Hi Jyoti,

      Kolkata is city of joy. People of Kolkata will be happy to see city's name in top diamond consuming city in the world.

      I rated it up!

      Thanks,

      Anjali Kapadia

    • profile image

      Roshan Singh 7 years ago

      Jyotiji,

      Kolkata is a fascinating place. I have visited Kolkata and seen thousands of showrooms selling graharatna at Bowbazar and Hathibagan area.

      Roshan

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Jainal,

      Thanks for commenting. Kolkata is an old center for Gems and Jewelry. I have tried to collect history of Kolkata Jewelers and put briefly in this hub.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Jainal Abedin 7 years ago

      History of Jewelers is fascinating.

      Jainal Abedin

    • profile image

      sunil 8 years ago

      plz tell me rate of neelam

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Jasmine,

      Nice to see you from Kolkata. Thanks for commenting on my hub.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Jasmine 8 years ago

      I live in Chittaranjan Avenue, Kolkata. Beadon street is very near to it but I did not know that many old jewelers live there.

      I also did not know that Maniktalla is named for ruby.

      Thanks for an article about Calcutta.

      Jasmine

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Lily,

      This is indeed true.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Lily 8 years ago

      Hi Jyoti,

      I had been in kolkata once and seen row of jewelry shops in Bowbazar area. Most of them were selling Graharatna.

      Good info.

      lily

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Dear Shyamchat,

      I will mail you in details. By the time you can view http://vardhamangems.webs.com and read some hubs / view photo gallery for Meena ornaments. These will info you a lot about Kundan Meena Jadau ornaments and you can understand your own about this artistic Jewelry.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Indian Lady,

      I do not think so. To the best of my knowledge and experience in industry Kolkata is the biggest market of Graharatna i.e. rasiratna.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • shyamchat profile image

      shyamchat 8 years ago from Calcutta

      Can u tell us which shops in calcutta offer Meena Jadau ornaments?

      Do u know the owners? Will they offer good/genuine items @ right price?

      Secondly, we have a plan of visiting Udaipur ( social visit) this July. Can we get Meen aJadau there?

      Best wishes.

    • profile image

      Indian lady 8 years ago from India

      Jyoti Kothari,

      I think Mumbai sales more Rashiratna than kolkata. Mumbai is a huge market and its population bigger.

      much exported from Mumbai.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Needful things,

      Have it. What's the problem?

      What do you want with diamonds and emerald? Ring?

      Jyoti Kothari

      http://vardhamangems.webs.com

    • needful things profile image

      needful things 8 years ago from Poland

      I've always wanted to have a diamond with an emerald center. LOL.

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