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Green Variscite: Natures Turquoise Without the Copper

Updated on December 29, 2013
Large freeform cabochon made of Variscite from Lucin Utah
Large freeform cabochon made of Variscite from Lucin Utah | Source

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Turquoise Without the Copper

Sometimes called "Turquoise without the copper", Variscite is a hydrated aluminum phosphate mineral and Turquoise is hydrated aluminum and copper phosphate mineral making the two minerals very closely related.

The only real difference is that Variscite does not contain copper that gives Turquoise its blue color.

The two minerals are so closely related that Variscite is often mistaken for Turquoise by those who are unfamiliar with the two gemstones. This is especially true with the varieties that have dark spiderweb matrix so often associated with Turquoise.

Variscite is usually much greener than Turquoise although there are some varieties of green Turquoise that look very similar to Variscite.

Variscite is sometimes marketed as "Variquoise" to show its close relationship to Turquoise or when it's difficult to determine if a specimen is Turquoise or Variscite.

Where Does Variscite Come From?

Although Variscite can be found in many locations around the world, the majority of high quality Variscite comes from the state of Utah in the United States.

There are three main areas where Variscite is found in Utah: Fairfield, Lucin and Snowville.

The Variscite from each location has a unique look to them, each beautiful in their own way.

Lucin, utah:
Lucin, UT 84083, USA

get directions

Fairfield, utah:
Fairfield, UT, USA

get directions

Snowville, utah:
Snowville, UT 84336, USA

get directions

Lucin Variscite

Often called Utahlite, Variscite from Lucin Utah is the most readily available Variscite on available to collectors and hobbyists today.

It is quite stable and has an almost waxy or plastic feel when you cut it.

Lucin Variscite is usually mixed with a hard white matrix that gives it an interesting look when cut into cabochons.

The color of Lucin Variscite can vary from a light mint green to a deep dark emerald-green.

Freeform cabochon made of Variscite from Lucin Utah showing typical white-grey matrix.
Freeform cabochon made of Variscite from Lucin Utah showing typical white-grey matrix. | Source
Freeform cabochon made of emerald-green Variscite from Lucin Utah
Freeform cabochon made of emerald-green Variscite from Lucin Utah | Source

Snowville Variscite

Snowville Variscite has a beautiful black spiderweb matrix making it a wonderful choice for use in jewelry. This variety of Variscite looks very much like beautiful green spiderweb turquoise and is often referred to as Variquoise.

For use in jewelry, this has to be my personal favorite variety of Variscite.

Unfortunately the area where this unique form of Variscite was collected has been closed.

Fairfield Variscite

Probably the most valuable Variscite of the Utah Variscites, Fairfield Variscite was collected from the Little Green Monster mine in the late 1930s.

This very unique looking Variscite has yellow Crandallite and gray-green Wardite mixed in the matrix giving a very stunning look.

Due to safety concerns the mine was intentionally collapsed and eventually the entrances of the mine were bulldozed and hidden.

This wonderful Variscite may be found under the following names: Little Green Monster Mine Variscite, Fairfield Variscite or Clay Canyon Variscite.

A high quality slab of Fairfield Variscite can cost thousands of dollars.

A good example of Fairfield Variscite
A good example of Fairfield Variscite | Source

Nevada Variscite

While the vast majority of high quality Variscite comes from Utah, the neighboring state of Nevada also produces some great looking high quality Variscite. The Variscite that comes from Nevada often has dark black spiderwebbing and often looks similar to Snowville Variscite.


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