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Hot Tips to Prevent Acne

Updated on January 19, 2014

What is acne?

Acne is defined as a specific skin inflammation that is mainly brought about by the over-activity of oil glands at the base of hair follicles. Acne is a form of skin condition which surfaces pimples as well as deep lumps that forms on the face, chest, back, neck and shoulders. Acne condition occurs to young people in broader prospective. It is extremely upsetting to many people especially the models to be disfigured by acne.

The male hormone, both in men and women, stimulates the oil glands around puberty and as a result of this, acne occurs. The oil is secreted through the skin openings by the oil glands which are located just beneath the skin. This oil normally plays a very important role of lubricating the skin. The cells which are located close to the openings of the oil glands, under certain circumstances, block the openings resulting in a buildup of oil underneath the skin. The skin bacteria will then feast on this buildup oil, start multiplying and as a result lead to inflammation of the surrounding tissues. The inflammation will cause acne and the depth of the inflammation determines the type of acne. A pustule is caused by the inflammation right near the surface; a pimple (papule) is caused by a deeper inflammation while a much deeper inflammation causes a cyst. Whiteheads are brought about when oil breaks through the surface while the blackheads are caused by oxidation of the oil.

Normally, acne attacks the skin areas that have the densest population of sebaceous follicles. Such skin areas include the face, the back, as well as the upper part of the chest. Although in severe cases it is inflammatory, acne can present itself in non-inflammatory forms. In as much as acne is more prevalent during adolescence, it, in some cases, continues into adulthood. In most cases, acne starts at puberty and reduces as time goes. The time the acne will disappear completely in ones lifetime is normally hard to tell and some people can continue having it into their forties or even beyond.


Signs and Symptoms of Acne

The signs as well as symptoms of acne normally go beyond those of normal pimple. Typical acne is characterized by: blackheads, pustules, papules, nodules, whiteheads as well as cysts.


Types of acne

Basically, acne can be categorized as either inflamed or non-inflamed. The inflamed acne can be described by inflammation as well as redness. The victims of inflamed acne will have blackheads, papules, microcomedones, pustules, nodules as well as cysts. The symptoms and signs of this type of acne include swelling, redness, crusting, lesions, scrambling, oozing as well as irritation of the skin. The acuteness of inflamed acne differs and can be mild or extremely severe. The most serious form of inflamed acne is the cystic acne. In most cases, the victims of the inflamed acne are exposed to the risk of skin damage as well as scarring.

The non-inflamed acne breakouts include milia, blackheads, as well as the microcomedones. Symptoms and signs of the non-inflamed acne include uneven skin texture and bumpiness on the skin surface. Although the non-inflamed acne is not visible, it makes the skin feel sandpapery or rough. If not well treated, the non-inflamed acne will develop into the inflamed acne.

Let’s now have a brief look at each type of acne:

Blackheads

Blackheads fall under the category of the non-inflammatory acne; they are normally referred to as open comedonal or grade I acne. As discussed ealier, blackheads come about as a result of dead skin cells clogging the pores, obstructing the usually drainage of sebum and thus making it to accumulate underneath the epidermis; exposure of these accumulated sebum to air leads to its oxidation and hence the blackheads are formed.

Whiteheads and milia

Whiteheads also known as the comedonal acne, develop almost in the same way as the blackheads. The difference between the two is that, with the whiteheads, the accumulation of the oil does not occur due to blockages but rather because of a closed or narrow pore. For the milia, sebum as well as bacteria is not involved in its formation.

Papules and pustules

Papules as well as pustules are often referred to as pimples or grade II inflammatory form of acne. These types of acne are formed as a result of a whitehead swelling with a mixture of oil and bacteria that it raptures on the surface pouring its contents into the dermis. Pus is formed because of the bacteria contamination leading to inflammation. The pus will then find its way to the epidermis surface forming a pustule or a zit.

Nodules and cysts

Acne cysts as well as nodular acne are among the most severe categories of acne and due to this, they are normally classified as grade IV and III respectively. Their formation normally brings about long term dermis damage as well as formation of acne scars. These types of acne usually form due to a deep rupture of papule, pustule or comedonal acne.

Causes of acne

Before looking at various methods of stopping as well as treating acne, it is good for us to have a look at the main causes of acne. It is obvious that once you identify the cause of any problem, solving it will be much easier. Basically, the formation of acne is brought about by the blockages in the follicles. The following are some of the most known causes of acne:

Hormones

Research has shown that the formation of acne is partly attributed to the hormonal imbalances in human body. Hormonal activities such as puberty and menstrual cycles contribute to the acne development. An increase in androgen hormones at puberty makes the follicular glands to enlarge and thus producing more sebum. Other hormones that are connected to the development of acne include dihydrotestosterone, testosterone, insulin-like growth factor I, as well as dehydroepiandrosterone.

Genetics

If you develop acne, the first thing you need to investigate is whether one of your family members was also a victim of acne. The trend to form acne runs in families.

Psychological

Many studies have indicated that severity of acne on your skin is considerably linked to increased levels of stress. In fact, stress is listed by the National Institute of Health in the United States to be among the main factors that cause acne. There was a large positive correlation between levels of stress and severity of acne from the research that was carried on adolescents.

Infectious bacteria

Propionibacterium acnes is a bacterium that is normally found in skins and is associated with the formation of acne. This bacterium usually relies on sebum for nutrients and thus multiplies in the follicles at puberty. The existence of these bacteria in the follicles attracts the white blood cells which in turn secretes enzymes that are harmful to the walls of the follicle paving way for the contents of the follicles to enter the dermis. As a result of this process, inflammation occurs leading to pustules, papules as well as nodules.


Diet

What you consume may have some influence on the health of your skin. So the foods are believed to result in the development of acne. For example there is a correlation between the intake of milk and the rate as well as severity of acne. Although there is an association between the consumption of salt and chocolate and acne, there is no solid evidence to support this assertion.

Stages of Acne

* Mild Acne: This is a dermatological condition which is supposed to be addressed immediately medically. At this stage, the acne is considered to be just a spot which cannot be seen by naked eyes from a distance of 2.5 meters away. Mild acne can occur on your face, chest, back, thighs, shoulders, arms among other parts of your body.

*Moderate Acne: these presents themselves as red inflamed lesions with many amounts of pustules as well as come-dones. They are very large and easily seen by naked eyes.

*Severe Acne: at this stage, acne is extended to the point of developing excessive pus filled pustules. It also reaches other regions of the skin. The types of acne at the severe stage include cysts, sinus, as well as acne conglobata. These require dermatology’s medical attention for skin treatment. Tablets or capsules will not help much but instead will leave the condition even worse.

Risk factors for Acne


* Over production of sebum oil due to hormonal imbalances in the body. Extra moisturizing oily ability to react with other factors of the environment by teenagers may also be a risk factor for acne.

* The attack by bacteria on the skin surface as well as at the hidden skin pores to bring about dome-shaped acne.

* Skin irritation in women and girls may result from the irregular shedding up of dead skin cells with 2 to 7 days before their menstruation periods. This turns out to be one of the contributory risk factors to acne.

* Some medicinal conditions like cortisone which is much harmful to the skin if taken in large quantities.

* Family acne history can also serve as a contributing factor to acne formation.

* Some hair and beauty products as well as oil based products like suntan oil can act as a risk factor for acne formation.

* Excess stress and depression also is among the major risk factors that bring about acne development.

Myths about acne

Don’t be surprised to found out that some of the things you have been told about acne may not be true. The following are some of the myths and false notions about acne:

Washing your face more often will help clear up acne: This is not true because acne is not caused by dirt. The pores normally get blocked from beneath the skin but not from the top by the dirt. Therefore, if you were thinking of washing your face frequently to keep off acne, then you must be doing great harm to your skin instead; the skin gets more irritated with frequent washing thus increasing the severity of the acne infection. Simply wash your skin gently twice per day.

Masturbation or sex causes acne: This is old-fashioned notion where people believe that having premarital sex cause acne; it is not based on any scientific evidence. Higher levels of androgens normally cause increased sex desire which is also responsible for severity of acne. Therefore, it is the higher levels of androgen that brings about acne but acne is not related to higher desire for sex.

The sun will help get rid of acne: Although measurable exposure of your skin to the sun(about 15 minutes for lighter skin and 25 minutes for darker skin),overly exposure of your skin to the sun will irritate your skin and the irritation in turn causes more acne on your skin.

Tanning clears up skin: A tan can only mask the acne but it leads to more irritation of the skin resulting to more breakouts in the long run.

Popping pimples will help them go away faster: This is not true because popping on a pimple will only make it appear less noticeable for a short period but cause it to stay around for a long period. When you pop a pimple or a zit, you will be pushing dead skin cells, bacteria as well as the oil deeper into the skin leading more swelling and redness; a scar will form and may stay forever as a result of this.

Don't wear makeup if you want clear skin: Wearing the right makeup especially which are noncomedogenic or nonacnegenic will not cause breakouts. The fact is that, some makeup contains salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide which is good at fighting acne.



Only For Teenagers: Although acne is more common in teenagers, it can occur in your life at any age. Research has indicated that acne has affected more than a quarter of adult men and more than half of all adult women.

Acne is Curable: Up to now, no one has come up with a known cure of acne though there are many prescription as well as creams that can help reduce it. You can prevent it by contacting your dermatologist as soon as you notice its symptoms.

Hot Tips for preventing acne

This article will briefly focus on several tips that are simple and which you can keep to prevent acne from attacking your skin.

· Ensure that all your pillowcases are clean all the time. Besides, make sure that your face towel is clean. If you use dirty face towel as well as pillow cases, you will be increasing the chances of getting acne on your face because dirty linen normally harbor bacteria as well as germs which can only worsen acne on your skin.

· Always ensure that your hair does not touch your face; pull it away from your skin especially when you sleep.

· Make it a habit to take showers as soon as possible after every workout. This is important because sweat when combined with skin oils will automatically trap dirt as well as bacteria in your skin pores hence causing the formation of acne on your skin.

· Remove all the makeup from your skin before going to bed. Makeup normally clogs your skin pores and thus leading to skin breakouts.

· Ensure that all the cosmetic brushes are cleaned on a regular basis and throw out the old one as well as contaminated makeup.

· Any time you tend to get breakouts, remember to use topical treatments like the Nature’s Cure Vanishing Cream.

· For severe acne, it is good to consult your doctor rather than going for the over the counter treatments such as acne creams.

· Make it a habit to exercise on a daily basis because exercise is good at assisting you reduce stress as well as boost blood circulation and oxygen penetration to your skin tissues. As a result of this, your skin is prevented from being infected by acne.

· Ensure that you drink plenty of clean as well as safe water on a daily basis; never allow yourself to feel thirsty. It is recommended that you drink at least 8 glasses of clean water each day; you can choose to drink either warm or cold water.

· Always keep your skin clean. This will help in getting rid of impurities, excess skin oil, as well as dead skin cells from the skin surface. It is recommended that you use lukewarm water; never use too hot or too cold water on your skin; it will alter the temperature of your skin dramatically and this is seen as one of the main causes of skin acne. It is also advisable that you use only mild skin cleansers, avoid harsh soaps as well as facial cleansers when cleaning your face; will your skin may get irritated and hence stimulating the formation of acne.

· In addition, it is good to avoid scrubbing your face harshly using a wash cloth, a course texture sponge, or exfoliating glove. Simply wash it gently using your hands or a very soft cloth.

· When using any topical acne products, it is recommended that you use them together with a moisturizer that reduces the skin peeling as well as dryness. This is because most of the acne products normally make the skin drier. If you have an oily skin, a gel based moisturizer will work perfect for your skin. For dry skin, it is good to try a lotion or a moisturizing cream. For those of you with a combination skin the two products will work well for you; use a gel as well as a cream or lotion. Before moisturizing your skin, ensure that you hydrate it firs using water.

· If you like using makeup, ensure that you use it sparingly. In fact it is recommended that if you have a skin breakout, try to keep off wearing foundation, blush, or powder. If you cannot do without makeup, then it is good to choose the oil free ones that have no chemicals or dyes. Select the water based cosmetics; they are the best when you are having the breakouts.

  • Try all the time to keep your hands off your face and never prop your chin or cheek on your hands. If you break this rule, you will be spreading the bacteria all over your face as well as irritating the already inflamed facial skin. This will increase the severity of acne infection on your face.
  • Control your diet and be cautious of what to eat and what not to. Include plenty of fruits as well as vegetables into your daily diet. This will improve your immune system and help your body fight diseases as well as prevent some infections including acne attack.
  • Wash your hair daily to keep off acne. This will prevent dirt hair from touching your face and thus causing acne to develop.
  • Never share your face towel with anybody. This is because when you share the face towel, you will be increasing the chances of passing on acne infections from one person to another. Just stick you your towel and never allow any other person to use it.
  • Ensure that what you eat contribute to fighting acne infection on your skin. Keep off from foods as well as beverages that cause the dilation of blood vessels. Such beverages include alcohol, coffee, hot drinks. In addition, avoid spicy food or any other food that can lead to redness of the skin.
  • In addition, try as much as you can to avoid exposing your skin to very extreme temperatures such as too much heat or too much cold. Besides, keep off from violent winds and try to protect your skin from cold as well as wind especially during winder time.
  • Always try to relax and manage the excitement as well as stress. This has been proved to be very effective in preventing acne from attacking your skin.
  • Keep off smoking cigarettes because nicotine is much associated with causing acne. Avoid cigarette smoking, because nicotine deteriorates vascular functions.


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