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How To Change Hair Color At Home
A Do-It-Yourself Hair Coloring Guide at Home
For the budget-conscious but with fashion-sense women, hair coloring at home is more attractive than those expensive visits to the beauty salon. Many commercial hair dyes are sold everywhere. Mostly in malls, where a complete range of every imaginable hair color shade is available. But before you rush out of your house to buy your dream hair color, read and follow the tips and techniques on coloring your own hair to avoid disasters.
Know Your Skin Tone
- dark skin: gold, olive, coppery, deep golden brown, and tawny,
- semi-dark skin: beige, creamy, peaches and cream, or ivory complexion,
- eyes: green, brown, amber, hazel, cinnamon, topaz, and coffee-colored,
- skin gets tan easily, and
- visible veins under the skin are green.
- fair skin: rosy pink, alabaster, rose beige, and pearly complexion,
- semi-fair skin: olive, dark brown, dark olive, and ebony,
- eyes: blue, grey blue, blue-green, dark green, dark blue, brown, and black,
- skin easily burns under the sun, and
- visible veins are blue.
3. COOL and WARM Combination
- you sometimes burn easily, and
- you sometimes tan easily.
Best Hair Color Shades for Warm Skin Tone:
- dark gold
- warm blonde shade
- strawberry blonde
- beige blonde
- light auburn
- light golden blonde
- golden blonde
- dark golden brown
- honey brown
Ideal Colors for Highlights (Warm)
- golden brown
Worst Hair Coloring Shades (Warm)
- jet-black hair color - might make you look washed-out, and
- very light gold hair color - might turn your hair orange.
Best Hair Color Shades for Cool Skin Tone:
- ash gold
- cool brown
- whitish shade
- pale blonde
- silvery blonde
- light brown
- ash shade
- burgundy brown
- dark brown
Ideal Colors for Highlights (Cool)
- lighter ash
- silver blonde
- plum red
Worst Hair Coloring Shades (Cool)
- auburn, and
- copper - these shades might just highlight the redness of your skin.
More Tips on Choosing Hair Color:
- If your hair's natural color is brown, do not pick a flashy blonde color. Just apply highlights and lowlights.
- Red shades are best for reddish or pinkish skin tone-but avoid strawberry shades.
- Do not use deep gold shades for pale skin with yellow undertones.
- For first-time self-hair colorists: choose hair dye with a couple shades lighter or darker to your natural hair color.
- For Asian or Latin women, who have silky black hair, you can use almost all hair color shades; except blonde. If you want a lighter hair color, avoid bleaching.
Best Hair Color for Blonde when Kids but Dark-Haired when Adult
- golden shades (as in natural blonde), or
- darker shades such as golden brown - would make brown or green eyes look stunning.
What is Hair Lightening?
Also known as ‘bleaching' or ‘decolorizing', hair lightening is a chemical process which involves the diffusion of natural color pigment or artificial color from the hair. This process is mostly used by permanent hair coloring and hair lightener products.
How to Highlight Your Hair at Home
4 Types of Hair Coloring Products:
1. TEMPORARY - removed in 1 shampooing. This hair colorant uses acid dyes which coat only the surface of hair. Best when more exotic colors or brighter shades of orange or red color are desired. Vibrant colors were made possible because its coloring agents do not penetrate the interior of hair shafts; with the exemption of dry or damaged hair. Products are in various forms: rinses, shampoos, gels, and sprays.
2. SEMI-PERMANENT - color stays up to 8 to 14 shampoos. This hair colorant products deposit color into hair follicles without using the hair lightening process. Do not contain a developer.
3. DEMI- PERMANENT - color stays up to 12 to 26 shampoos. Do not contain a developer, too.
4. PERMANENT - color will not be removed even with repeated shampooing. Both this and hair lightening products contain a developer (hydrogen peroxide) and alkalizing ingredient (ammonia substitute). These 2 chemicals are combined to:
- penetrate hair fiber,
- enter the cortex to break up melanin, and
- replace melanin with new hair color.
Special Effects of Hair Coloring:
1. HAIR HIGHLIGHTING - Application of hair dyes in lighter shades of natural hair color to strands of hair in random sizes. Very popular to teenagers.
Types of Highlights:
Basic Foil Highlighting - uses foil to separate strands of hair while being processed.
Hair Painting (or Baliage) - uses brush to paint hair color to hair strands.
Chunky Highlights - color is applied to hair locks, instead of strands. Use bolder and brighter colors rather than the lighter and natural shades.
How to Put Color Highlights to Long Hair
2. HAIR LOW-LIGHTING - same as highlighting but uses hair dyes in darker or deeper shades of natural hair color. This also uses basic foil, hair painting, and chunking.
3. COMBINATION of HIGH- and LOW-lighting - Application of hair dyes in lighter and darker shades of the natural hair color in random sizes and locations to create an eye-catching dramatic effect. Best done in a professional beauty salon to achieve perfect and natural look.
How to Apply Hair Coloring to Own Hair
Materials You Will Need:
- hair-coloring comb and brush,
- fine-toothed comb with pointed end,
- giant hair clips,
- cotton balls,
- petroleum jelly,
- cleansing cream,
- plastic head cap,
- rubber gloves,
- old towels,
- old newspapers to protect the floors from color drippings,
- a watch with timer, and
- some magazines or books to read while waiting.
How to Apply Color to Your Hair at Home:
- For a first-timer: choose a semi-permanent hair dye product because this color takes 48 hours to set. Just wash your hair with a clarifying or dandruff shampoo at least twice.
- Read the instructions at the back of the box at least three times, or until you perfectly understood the steps.
- Gather all the materials.
- A corner in the kitchen is preferable to your bedroom or living room because it is easier to clean the mess and color stains afterwards.
- Always perform the strand test, also known a patch test. Apply a small amount hair dye product to a few strands of your hair.
- Apply protection on your scalp, around hairline, forehead, ears, and nape. Use Vaseline, avocado oil or cleansing cream.
- Always wear gloves.
- Drape an old and dark-colored towel around your shoulders.
- Follow the directions on the box carefully. Stick to all the precautionary statements on product labels.
- Use a stopwatch to avoid over-processing your hair.
- If you want to re-color your hair roots, be sure not to wreck them, too. Protect your roots by rubbing on conditioner. Before rinsing, gently massage the dye over the conditioned roots with your finger tips.
- Do not wash your hair for 24 hours, to give time for hair dye to fully settle into your hair.
- Smear cleansing cream on the color stains on your skin and clean off with cotton balls. To remove resilient stains, rub the area with cotton soaked in alcohol-based lotion.
- Rinse hair thoroughly until water runs clear.
- Use the conditioner included with the hair dye product. This is formulated to help your hair.
More Tips on Self-Application of Hair Colorants:
- DO NOT color your hair after your hair is either permed or relaxed or colored; or vice versa. You will just damage your hair through over-processing.
- If you didn't like your new hair coloring, do not attempt to apply another hair dye product. Go to a salon and have your hair fixed by a professional to avoid much damage.
- Check the color on the box, not the color of the model's hair. Look for the guideline that gives indication of resulting color.
- If your hair color turned out not as light as expected, mix equal parts of hair dye used and shampoo. Lather your hair with it, let stand for 5 minutes, and rinse.
- Wash your hair BEFORE the day you will color your hair. The natural oils of your scalp will be an added protection to your hair roots.
- If you are just retouching up the roots because you used permanent hair dye, be sure to apply fresh hair dye on the targeted parts only. Do not apply hair dye to your entire head.
- For a dramatic effect: buy another bottle with a lighter shade to your choice hair dye and brush it on the strands that frame your face.
- For thicker, curlier, and longer hair: get an extra box or two so that you won't run out of hair dye upon application.
- If you want to cover gray hair, use the permanent hair coloring product. You just have to retouch the roots every 6 to 8 weeks.
How to Cover Gray Hair
2 Stylish Ways to Hide Gray Hairs:
- If you still have less gray hair, choose a semi-permanent hair dye which is a shade lighter than your natural hair color. The gray strands will blend in with the new color.
- If you have more gray hair, use a permanent dye with ‘grayish' color to completely cover gray hair. Your gray strands could look blonde.
How to Maintain Colored Hair:
- Use the proper after-color care products created to protect colored hair.
- Revive your hair color with a color-enhancing or color-depositing shampoo and conditioner, at least once a week.
- Retouch the hair roots with hair dye of same color shade before they show up.
- For super dry or damaged hair: deep condition your hair every week, before and after coloring.
More Tips on Coloring and Highlighting:
- Short hair looks better with a full head color.
- Medium-length to long hair is made more gorgeous with highlights.
- Highlights that frame the face can make your skin looks blooming; so choose color that flatters your natural complexion.
- To achieve natural-looking highlights, use 5 different shades of hair color.
- Foil highlights are more difficult to retouch; while with hair painting (or baliage), touching-up is easier and cheaper.
- Go for partial highlights if you have thick hair. Partial means highlighting is done only to the upper part of your head, not all over.
- To have an interesting ponytail, have partial highlights applied to your hair strands that will show when tied up.
- If you live in NY or LA, you will look hot and trendy when you have grown-out roots of about an inch or so.
- Blonde highlights to light brown hair or dark blonde hair gives vigor to your hair.
- Dark lowlights to blonde hair creates artistic contrast.
Important Precautions on Hair Colorants:
- Excessive and/or reckless use of hair coloring can cause hair damage.
- Earlier hair coloring products contain harmful chemicals; so check the labels thoroughly.
- Skin allergic reactions are sometimes developed with use of permanent hair coloring; so perform a skin test, as well as the patch test.
Always think that hair coloring is an effective tool used to enhance or create good looks. Use it sensibly.
Basic Foil Highlighting - Part 1
Basic Foil Highlighting - Part 2
Basic Foil Highlighting - Part 3
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