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How to Prevent Swelling after Liposuction?

Updated on August 21, 2011

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Liposuction is a body reshaping surgery performed by a professional plastic surgeon, liposuction is done by different ways to absorb the redundant fat cells in a particular part of the body, thus reduce the number of excess fat cells in an exact and reliable way, to create an ideal body shape. Liposuction, or lipo for short, has become one of the world's most popular cosmetic surgeries. Based on current science and technology, liposuction can be divided into several different types in terms of its mechanism, such as suction-assisted liposuction (SAL), ultrasound-assisted liposuction (UAL), power-assisted liposuction (PAL) and so on. Liposuction can be implemented under regional anesthesia or general anesthesia, both of which will not affect your normal way of life after the operation.

The general procedure of a liposuction is as follow: doctor will discuss with the patients in regards to his or her medical history and expectations before a lipo is done, if everything is OK with the patient to receive the lipo, doctors will do some examinations and design the medical procedure based on individual cases. Then contour line will be drawn around the desired range of liposuction and small incisions (usually less than 3mm in diameters) will be made in an inconspicuous area, doctors then will inject some fat dissolving liquid in the subcutaneous fat to make the area swollen, and then use special liposuction needle or a cannula to suction fat in different layers under the surgical area skin, at least 1 mm thickness of subcutaneous fat will be reserved. Finally, the doctor will repair the surgical area partially, pump out a small amount of residual body liquid, and bandage the surgery areas. After the completion of the liposuction, patients are required to wearing post-lipo girdles for about 1 to 3 months and avoid any energetic exercise.

Liposuction is suitable to people about 18 to 55 years old, without cardiovascular disease or diabetes. Liposuction can be used to improve fat accumulations in the waist and abdomen, upper arms or buttocks, thighs calves and other body parts, it is a safe and effective treatment for body reshaping and weight loss. The accumulation of fat on the face, such as double chin, or male breast hypertrophy, also known as gynecomastia, can be treated with liposuction.

Many people who want to have liposuction also have some concerns about post-operative recovery. They are more or less worried about the following issues. Will there be uneven skin surface around the surgical area? Will scars be left? Will the surgical result last long? Will complications such as swelling or bruising be prevented? All the above concerns are important things people need to know of before they decided to take a liposuction. Among them, swelling is perhaps the most common symptom after liposuction. So, the questions are, why swelling in liposuction is an inevitable thing? Does it have any negative impact on our body? What we can do to help expedite its recovery?

Before answering the above questions, first we need to understand what has causes bruising and swelling in the surgical area after liposuction. Generally speaking, swelling and bruising are from trauma under the skin caused by blood vessels damages and local bleeding under the skin during the operation. The more damage the surgery brings, the greater the area of swelling and bruising, then why does liposuction surgery damage the subcutaneous blood vessels and capillary vessels?

The procedure of liposuction requires that a certain thickness of subcutaneous fat should be retained, the reservation area ranges from 0.5cm to 0.8cm in diameters according to different parts to be suctioned. Maintaining the thickness of fat is for the purpose of smoothness of the skin as well physiological needs by the human body, the main reason why damage is caused to subcutaneous blood vessels and capillary vessels is because the liposuction layers are not properly treated, for example, in the case of a too shallowly inserted cannula - just below the layer of skin corium - local bleeding is inevitable because the cannula damages the vascular network in the skin corium, the trauma will cause bleeding and swelling. So liposuction is more of an art than a science, the results depends heavily on the skills of a surgeon.


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