ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How to get rid of acne and its possible treatments

Updated on January 3, 2014

Acne is a very frustrating, embarrassing and irritating problem

Acne is a very common problem among teens and it is very frustrating, embarrassing and irritating. Adult people may also suffer from this irritating problem and lose their beauty. There are many factors associated with acne occurrence but the main culprit behind this problem is 'Hormone'. Due to hormonal changes in puberty, many teens suffer from acne. Besides, sufferers may experience depression and a decrease in their confidence level and self- esteem. However, this article will explain - what is acne, causes of acne, how to get rid of acne and its possible treatments, etc. according to the information given by the Dermatologists.


Acne Problem

Acne problem
Acne problem | Source

What is acne?

Acne is a skin disease which is medically known as 'Acne Vulgaris' (common acne). It involves overactive sebaceous gland situated at the base of the hair follicles. Acne commonly happens in puberty because of hormones produced by the adrenal gland in both men and women.

Acne is the most common problem among the teenage people and usually treatable. Besides, adult people may suffer from this problem. However, you need proper treatment to prevent the acne (most cases of bad acne) and inflamed acne needs to be treated early to prevent the scar

Causes of acne

1. Hormonal changes (mostly a Person's adolescent years)
2. Hormonal changes during pregnancy
3. Excess sebum (oil) secretion of sebaceous gland (overactive)
4. Clogging up the skin pores from trapped oils, dirt, dust, cosmetics and makeup products.
5. Greasy cosmetics may cause acne
6. Poor hygiene and unclean skin can lead to bacterial infections
7. Dead skin cell accumulation and grime build up
8. Unhealthy dietary habits and lifestyle
9. Not drinking enough water
10. Inheritance


Formation of skin pimples and acnes

Formation of skin pimples and acnes
Formation of skin pimples and acnes | Source

What causes acne?

How to get rid of acne?

1. Keep your face clean:

It is important to wash your face twice daily whether or not you have acne. It removes dead skin cells, extra oil and other impurities from your skin's surface.However,using a harsh soap can further worsen the inflamed skin and cause irritation. Alternatively use lukewarm water (not hot) and a mild face cleanser (oil free acne cleanser). Besides,avoid scrubbing your skin harshly with a washcloth or exfoliating glove. Simply wash your face with your clean hands or a very soft cloth, rinse well and dry it with a soft and clean towel.


Oil-Free Acne Wash

 Neutrogena oil-free acne wash
Neutrogena oil-free acne wash | Source

2. Use a retinoid cleanser:
You may use a retinoid cleanser which contains ultra- high level of vitamin A and helps to dissolve away the grimes and clean out the clogged pores of the skin. You may purchase an over- the- counter retinoid cleanser or get a prescribed one from your dermatologist.



3. Choose right moisturizer:
Acne prone skin needs hydration and moisturizing. If you deprive your skin from moisturizing, it will further encourage the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum (oil) and increase the chances of getting more acne. However, look for a "noncomedogenic" product which means it won't cause acne. There are different good moisturizing products specially for oily, dry or sensitive skin available in the market.



4. Try OTC product:
You can try an over the counter (OTC) product and it doesn't need any prescription. These products have Benzoyl Peroxide and Salicylic Acid, which restrain the bacteria and dry your skin. At first use in small amount and then you can understand how much and how often to use depending on your peeling and dryness of the skin. Remember to use these products with caution if you have sensitive skin.



5. Use noncomedogenic makeup sparingly:
If you do wear makeup choose the product cautiously. Avoid foundation, blush , or powder during a breakout. Some makeup products tend to make the skin oily and block the pores of the skin. However, Choose your makeup product that is labeled "noncomedogenic" which means it won't cause acne (don't block the skin's pores) and try to select oil-free cosmetics. Before buying any makeup product must see the ingredients list labeled on the product.


6. Don't pick or squeeze the acne:
Don't pick or squeeze acne with your fingers as it can lead to infection and scarring. Moreover, avoid touching your face or prop your cheek on the hand as it can further worsen the inflamed skin.

Don't squeeze acne

Don't squeeze acne
Don't squeeze acne | Source

7. Be careful about what you put on your hair:

Avoid using oils, pomades, fragrances and gels on your hair because when they get on your face, they can irritate your skin and block the skin's pores, Which stimulate acne occurrence. For this reason you should use a gentle shampoo and conditioner which make your hair clean and oil free.



8. Change your eating habit:
Avoid junk and sugary foods especially fried foods. You must sure that you are drinking lots of water as it flushes out the impurities from the blood stream and toxins from your system. Try to eat fresh fruits, green leafy vegetables, whole grains, nuts and foods rich in vitamin A and vitamin C. These foods will regulate the oil production of your skin and help you to reduce acne occurrence.



9. Limit your sun exposure time:
Ultraviolet ray's of the sun can increase the inflammation and redness of your skin. Besides, some medications used for acne can make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. However, limit your sun exposure time especially between 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. as in this time sun ray's are the strongest which is bad for your acne.



10. Do exercise regularly:
Exercise is very good for our body as well as our skin. Daily exercise can reduce the stress (one of the causes of acne), maintain the hormone level and clean the pores of the skin by sweating. After a vigorous workout session wipe your perspiration off by a clean towel or you can take a shower.



11. Chemical peels:
Chemical peel, is a concentrated acid solution, can be effective for acne patients but does not cover by assurance. The application of this acid to the skin once in four weeks. It causes rapid turnover of the skin and prevents clogging of the skin pores.



12. Microdermabrasion:
Microdermabrasion is an another treatment in which skin is sanded away to produce new skin. Dermatologists recommend to get microdarmabrasion once a week for several months to achieve the best result and in this treatment only outermost layer of the skin is affected.

DR. Tess Mauricio,M.D. treating teen acne

Poll Module

Did you ever suffer from acne?

See results

Use prescribed medications: (very effective)

There are several treatments for cleaning up the acne and it varies from person to person. If you suffer from a bad case of acne you must consult with your dermatologist, he or she will diagnose your problem and prescribe you the required medicine. It may consist of a topical medication like 'Tretinoin' (such as Retin A, Renova,Tretin-X , Atralin etc.) with a systemic medication like 'antibiotic'(such as tetracycline, minocycline,doxycycline, erythromycin etc.). However, if these drugs don't work, a specialized drug called 'Accutane' can be prescribed.It is a special drug which has shown to completely remove all the acnes in patients.Remember, it must be prescribed by your dermatologist as it has side effects.

Retin-A cream

Retin-A cream
Retin-A cream | Source

DR. Barry Lycka Talking about adult acne and its solution

Laser acne treatment: (very effective)

Laser acne treatment can be very useful as it has no pill associated internal complications. This treatment may be different for every user. The most effective therapies are Red/Blue light Therapy, Photodynamic Therapy and Isolaz Acne Therapy. Each therapy works in a unique manner and kills the acne causing bacteria and treats active acne. Most patients require five to seven (approx) session treatment to get the desired result with periodic re-treatments as acne flare

Blue light acne treatment

Blue light acne treatment
Blue light acne treatment | Source

Blue light treatment for acne by plastic surgeon Scott Greenberg, M.D.

In conclusion

People who are suffering from acne know what they are feeling about as it is very embarrassing,frustrating and irritating. However, if you feel that your acne problem gets worse day by day, you must consult with a good Dermatologist as he or she will help you to get rid of this problem.


Thanks for reading.

Please share your thought as I would love to hear from you

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)