How to Prevent Dark Circles Under Your Eyes
Dark circles make you look tired and worn out. Dark circles appear around your eyes when you have not had enough sleep over the days or when you have been straining your eyes without giving a break. Dark circles can be due to many reasons.
When you are able to identify what causes the dark circles, it becomes easy to treat and take care of this condition.
What are Dark Circles
Dark circles are dilated blood vessels under your skin.
The blood vessels around the eyelids are more visible when compared to the rest of the body because -
- the skin is supported by few layers of fat cells
- the skin around the eyelids is 0.5 mm thick whereas most of the skin on other areas of the body is 2 mm thick
Veins often look blue because the skin allows blue/violet wavelengths of light to pass through and due to this reason only blue light is reflected back.
The appearance of dark circles is the result of the blue light being reflected back off the dilated blood vessels that pass through the skin colored by melanin pigments.
Reasons for Formation of Dark Circles
Dark circles can be due to any of the following reasons –
o Lack of sleep
Sleep is a very important factor to avoid the formation of dark circles. Lack of sleep can cause dark circles under the eyes. Have a good night’s sleep of at least eight hours. This will make you feel rested and relaxed.
Age is another reason for dark circle formations. As we become old, the skin loses its elasticity and strength. Due to this, the skin can easily break. The blood vessels underneath the skin can also get ruptured. The rupture of blood vessels can cause a bluish-black patch under the eyes.
Anemia can cause dark circles. Anemia is the lack of iron in your body that can lead to the formation of dark circles.
Constant Stress can wear down your body and make your eyes look fatigued. Stress is one of the factors that can cause the appearance of dark circles.
Learn to relax. Exercises like Tai-chi and Yoga help you relax and de-stress. Yoga involves breathing exercises that increase the intake of oxygen and improves blood circulation.
Things that You Can Do to Prevent the Formation of Dark Circles
1. A good night’s sleep is very important. Before going to bed avoid drinks with caffeine. Do not carry your thoughts about work to bed; stop using your laptop/computer or any electronic device at least ten minutes before going to bed. Switch off your cell phone if you can. Stretch yourself out and be totally relaxed before going to sleep.
2. Eat a healthy diet. Make sure to include fruits and vegetables in your daily diet. Drink plenty of water to keep yourself hydrated. Organic fruits and vegetables are very good for health.
3. Avoid too much of salt intake. When the salt content is high, the body retains a lot of fluid. This fluid retention will make you bloat. The face will become puffed up and your eyes can develop dark circles.
4. Apply cucumber slices whenever your eyes feel tired. You may strain your eyes by working in front of the computer for long hours, watching TV or reading a book. In such a case, place two round pieces of cucumber on your eyes and relax for ten to fifteen minutes. Your eyes will feel relaxed and refreshed. You can also use tea bags or potato slices as an alternative.
5. Do not smoke. Smoking is bad for overall health and causes dark circles under your skin.
6. If you have allergies, take allergy medications to avoid the allergy. If the dark circles are due to allergies, then the dark circles will disappear with the allergy medication. Do not rub your eyes if they itch due to an allergy. This will aggravate the condition of black circles and make it worse.
7. Vitamin K is essential for blood circulation. Proper blood circulation prevents the formation of dark circles - by delivering the necessary nutrients to the skin and by removing excess water or any impurities from the skin . Vegetables such as spinach, cabbage, green leafy vegetables, lentils and chickpeas are rich in Vitamin K.
8. If you have dark circles avoid direct exposure to the sun. Use a sunscreen of SPF 30 to protect yourself from the harmful UV rays of the sun. Wear sunglasses to protect the skin around your eyes.
9. Use under eye creams that contain Vitamins like C, K, E or retinol. Vitamin K increases blood circulation, Vitamin C strengthens blood vessels and Vitamin E has antioxidants that prevent the damage of blood capillaries.
10. Remember to keep a pillow under your head when you sleep. This helps to prevent fluid accumulation under the eyes. Fluid collection under the eyes makes the dark circles look more prominent.
More Options to Get Rid of Dark Circles
- You can ask your dermatologist for an under eye cream that will be more effective than the regular ones.
- You can use under eye concealers to hide dark circles. Choose an under eye concealer which is a shade paler than the foundation that you are using.
- Under eye, gels help in the production of collagen and tightens the skin under the eyes. This will help to improve the strength and elasticity of the skin.
- Gels having vitamin K, vitamin C, vitamin E and retinol help to increase the blood circulation and strengthen blood vessels. They also prevent the onset of dark circles. Gels are very effective in treating dark circles under the eyes.
- Eye creams are also very effective to treat dark circles and moisturize the skin (Eye gels do not have a creamy texture like eye creams).
- There are many cosmetic procedures for dark circles – laser surgery, chemical peels, injection fillers, etc. Consult your dermatologist to choose which one is the best.
- Many makeup products are available in the market. These products help to conceal the dark circles. There are concealer shades to suit different skin tones. Choose the one that suits your skin tone. Apply the concealer carefully so that it does not look patchy. Concealers make your eyes look fresh and bright.
Home Remedies for Dark Circles
Grind half a cucumber and one potato to a fine paste adding a little water as you grind. Strain the fine paste using a thin, clean cloth. Dip two cotton pads in the strained water and place it on your eyes covering the dark circles. Leave on for 15 minutes and gently wash off.
Take four teaspoons of green gram powder in a bowl. Squeeze the juice of half a lemon and add this juice to the green gram powder and mix well to make a thick paste. Apply this paste over the dark circle areas. Leave on for ten to fifteen minutes and then wash off.
Massage a few drops of coconut oil or almond oil on the dark circle areas before going to bed. Leave on overnight and wash off in the morning.
Take one teaspoon of turmeric in a bowl, add a quarter teaspoon of honey and 2-3 drops of lemon juice and mix well. Apply this paste on the dark circle areas and leave on for five minutes and then wash off.
Soak two tea bags in hot water and squeeze off the extra water. Place these tea bags in the fridge for fifteen to twenty minutes. Take them out when they are cold and place it on your eyes for about ten minutes to reduce the appearance of dark circles.
Alternatively, you can place two cucumber slices in the fridge and take it out after five to ten minutes and place these on your eyes to help treat dark circles.
If you are allergic to any of the above-mentioned ingredients, do not use them.
The secret to preventing dark circles is to follow a healthy lifestyle, exercise and eat plenty of fruits and vegetables. Make sure to keep yourself hydrated by drinking water. Be stress-free and learn to relax and enjoy life.