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Jadau and Meenakari : The artistic Jewellery of Mogul pattern

Updated on July 31, 2016

Kundan Meena Jadau Patrihar necklace sets

Jadau Pendants & earings, Studded with diamonds , emerald & ruby beads. Courtsey: Bhuramal Rajmal Surana
Jadau Pendants & earings, Studded with diamonds , emerald & ruby beads. Courtsey: Bhuramal Rajmal Surana

Meena: A special class of gold Jewelry


Jewelry with Meena is a special category of Indian Jewelry. Meena means enameling work. There are two types of Meena Jewelry, Meena with Kundan Jadau and Meena without Kundan Jadau.

Higher end Meena Jewelry are made in gold whereas lower end products are made in silver. We are mainly discussing here gold jewelry in Kundan Meena Jadau.

Indian Jewelers enamel Gold and silver Jewelry to enhance their beauty. Jewelers produce a variety of Jewelry with enamel in different places of the world. Indian enameling work is entirely different from those of France, England, and Turkey. In Indian Kundan Jadau and Meena Jewelry, generally enameling work is done in the backside of the ornaments and is called Ek posta meena. Sometimes it is on the front side too and then it is called do posta. The artisans engrave beautiful flowers, leaves, birds and animals in the gold plate and then enamel the same . Jaipur.

Kundan Meena Jadau Pendant and Earring sets

Do posta Meena pendant set with  kundan jadai from Jaipur
Do posta Meena pendant set with kundan jadai from Jaipur
Do posta Meena pendant set with  kundan jadai from Jaipur
Do posta Meena pendant set with kundan jadai from Jaipur

Pioneer in Kundan Meena Jadau


Jadau-Kundan-Meena jewelry includes necklace, bangles, tops, jhumki, hasli, kada, bracelet, earrings, ring, armlet, hathful and many other ornaments.

Maharaja Sawai Jaisingh, founder of Jaipur was an art lover. He was also a promoter of skills and businesses. Jaipur has flourished as a center of excellence in gem and jewelry manufacturing and trading in his able patronage. He brought Meenakari art of mogul pattern from Delhi to Jaipur. He invited Surana family, Delhi-based Jewelers to Jaipur for that purpose.

The Surana family has been contributing a lot until now to the very art of Jadau and Meenakari. They are not only the pioneers but also maintaining the dignity of this art till date. Many others have also joined the trail further and contributing to the art of Kundan Jadau Meena.

Kundan Meena Aadia

An antique Kundan Meena Aadia necklace backside, 19th century, India
An antique Kundan Meena Aadia necklace backside, 19th century, India

Various manufacturing centers


Later on, Bikaner and Sardarshahar (only a few years back ) of Rajasthan have adopted this art. Jaipur meena is one of the best, especially with the art of pachchikari. Bikaner produces the maximum quantity because of cheap labor and Sardarshahar produces commercial quality in huge quantity. Bikaner and Sardarshahar are the main places in Rajasthan for enameling work.

Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh is famous for Pink Meena, Hyderabad in Andhra Pradesh is for Kaarwani and Kolkata, West Bengal for English and French Meena. Jadau works are done with Indian style only and not with French or English Meena.Jadau work is done only in gold jewelry.

Indore (Madhya Pradesh) and Ahmedabad (capital of Gujarat) produce Kundan Jewelry without Meena. Kundan is used for Jadau ornaments. Jewelers from various places in India enamel over silver and gold. Silver Meena of Kolkata and Nathadwara, Rajasthan are worth mention.

Kundan Meena Jadau: Vardhaman Gems educative series

Process of manufacturing Kundan Meena Jadau Jewelry


Making of these Jewelries involve a highly complicated and systematic process. Innitially, a designer makes a design, if approved, it goes to gharia who makes an initial skeleton of the piece called Ghat. This Ghat is shifted to Meenakar for further processing.

He enamels the same through a complicated process. He draws a design at first and then engraves it. He puts enamel on the engraved piece. The piece is enameled by heating the same. The Meenakar has to heat the piece several times for different colors. Each time he can put only one color.

The art piece then reaches to Jadia who pours gala (flux, a resin-like material) in the blank spaces. He also prepares Kundan heating thin flaps of pure gold. He also prepares daak from silver foils. The Jadia puts it in the backside of flat gemstones to provide extra glitter. Sometimes the Jadia add color to dak to enhance the color of gemstones such as Emerald, Ruby, and Sapphires. This foiled stone is ready for studding called Jadai.

Jadai is the very special art of India. It is an entirely different method of setting gemstones. The Jadia pours very small cuttings of Kundan flaps between the gaps of the walls of ghat and gemstones. He then tightens Kundan through a chisel-like tool and pressurizes it to melt and fill in the gaps.

Puwaiya ( who strings) adds beads to some ornaments after setting to enhance their beauty and to give those gorgeous look. These hanging beads are called latkans. The art of binding beads with golden or silver wire is called bandhai or aanti-puwai.

The manufacturer sells this ready to wear Kundan Meena Jadau Jewellery to showroom owners and retailers. The retailer or showroom owners then sell it to customers. Kundan Meena Jadau ornaments are trendy and evergreen in fashion. Indians and Arabians love Kundan Meena Jadau very much since centuries. Europeans and Americans have also adopted these ornaments since few years.

Women and girls love these ornaments very much. It is a good investment tool too. Interested in buying this kind of Jewelry?

Varieties of Kundan Meena at Vardhaman Gems

Do you like to buy and collect an artistic piece of Kundan-Jadau?

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    • profile image

      govind soni 13 months ago

      hii.....bikaner s best antique jadau meenakari .mekar....no..8769380308

    • profile image

      David 22 months ago

      Greetings from Idaho! I'm bored to tears at function so I ddeecid to check out your web site on my iphone during lunch break. I enjoy the information you present here and can't wait to consider a appear when I get home. I am surprised at how fast your weblog loaded on my phone .. I am not even using WIFI, just 3G .. Anyways, great weblog!

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 2 years ago from Jaipur

      Thanks for commenting. This will help you coming in connection with other traders.

    • profile image

      Bharat soni 2 years ago

      Sir I am kundan Meena jwellery meker my what's app number 9887164525 plz contect

    • profile image

      narayan sonison 2 years ago

      Sell KUNDAN mina

    • profile image

      omprakash 3 years ago

      Hai jyoti

      How maintain jadau kundn jewelri

    • profile image

      JYOTI 4 years ago

      Hi

      I would like to ask you about one jadau set. Its polki work on emerald.

      Could you please guide how much they usually cost. I would like to send you the picture. How can I send it.

    • profile image

      David Wilson 5 years ago

      Dear Sir,

      I saw your profile at the advert market online as a commodity buyers

      and i decided to write you .

      I am Mr David Wilson, a miner and exporter of goods from Ghana ,

      West Africa .

      Our firm is a small scale gold mining company in Ghana and is able

      of supplying you with gold .

      We are seeking for interested honest buyers of gold and at the moment

      we have 250 kilos of Gold in stock.

      If you are in need of gold , feel free to write me for more details .

      Thanks.

      Hoping to hear from you.

      Mr David Wilson .

    • craftsvilla profile image

      craftsvilla 5 years ago from India

      Those Jadau Pendants & earings given in the image look absolutely stunning. And thanks Jyothi for elaborating so vividly the history of Meenakari jewellery. Thanks

    • profile image

      aks 6 years ago

      Hi

      I would like to know what's the difference between Kundan jadau and moti jadtar.

    • profile image

      Pasquale1 6 years ago

      we trade in coral jewelry and raw coral red and white (corallium rubrum + japan white coral konoji kind in stocks even small.

      coralliumsrl@tin.it

      Mr. Pasquale

    • jessica_alias profile image

      jessica_alias 6 years ago

      I love meenakari and polki jewelry. Thanks for this beautiful article.

    • profile image

      jewellery channel 6 years ago

      wow, those necklaces are breathtakingly beautiful...

    • profile image

      Surendra Bothara 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Jyoti,

      Mogul brought this art of Meenakari into India. Sawai Jaisingh brought it in Jaipur. Jaipur is the pioneer in the art now. Jaipur and Bikaner produce the maximum quantity of Kundan Jadau Meena Jewelry in the world.

      However, traditional Desi Meena has been disappearing from the scene. Meenakars are started using English Meena in place of Desi Meena.

      Kundan Jadau is still in traditional way.

      Thanks for an awesome hub. You are doing well in Hubpages.

      Thumbs up!

      Surendra

      Surendra.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 7 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Anjali,

      Thanks for your comment. I agreed with you that these are fashionable jewelry.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Anjali Kapadia 7 years ago

      Hi Jyoti,

      I am in fashion trade. These are fashionable jewelry that will attract a lot of people. This is artistic too.

      Thanks for a good hub.

      Anjali

    • profile image

      George Joseph 8 years ago

      Jyoti Kothari,

      You have writtenso many hubs about Kundan Meena Jadau Jewelry. This is first time I come to know about Kundan Meena Jadau Jewelry. As I have stated in my earlier comments, I am in Jaipur now and can not resist me to meet you.

      Mogul had contributed to develop this kind of Jewelry. Really artistic.

      Thumbs up!!

      George

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi,

      Thanks for your comment and relevant question. It is not wastage. You can wear the ornaments from both side.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Jayanti Chakravarti 8 years ago

      Awesome!!!

      Fantastic hub. Why Meena in back side? Has it any use? I think this is wastage.

      Jayanti

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi champak,

      Yes, i agree with you. As you are a Jeweler from jaipur, you must know these jewelry well. these are really fantastic, fashionable and trendy.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Champak Madan 8 years ago

      dear Jyoti,

      Nice hub. As i have told that I am from jaipur in my previous comment, i know these jewelry very good. i buy and sell these jeweleries. this are very good.

      Champak

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Dear Sumit ji,

      india is manufacturing Gems and Jewelry since time immemorial but the art of Meenakari was brought to India by Moguls from the middle east. They have patronized this art too and allowed it to flourish in India.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Sumit Dassani 8 years ago

      how can you say these of Mogul pattern. We are in this trade since decades and never heard of the same.

      sumit

    • profile image

      Sumit Dassani 8 years ago

      how can you say these of Mogul pattern? We are in this trade since decades and never heard of the same.

      sumit

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi KM Birla,

      Thanks for your comments. I am glad to know that you possess such beautiful Jewelry and you saw these in your childhood.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Birla K M 8 years ago

      Dear Jyoti,

      These are really beautiful. We possess a lot of these kind of Jewelry since 100 years. my forefathers loved those very much and I saw those from my childhood. I never found any article about the same before I encountered with this hub.

      Congratulations for writing the hub!!

      Birla K M

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi John,

      These are popular in UK as well as in US, Canada, France and many other countries in EU.

      Arabians and Indians love these since centuries. These are trendy and in fashion since some times and incorporated in wish lists of many celebrities.

      You have to search in Jewelry shops in UK for the same. I can info you shops and manufacturers in many cities in India.

      Please feel free to mail me for the same.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      John mac 8 years ago

      These are very good and artistic jewellery but not popular in UK. Can I see somewhere in UK?

      John

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Amit,

      Thanks for your comments. Kundan Meena jadau are latest in fashion and those are really beautiful.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Amit Shah 8 years ago

      Hi Jyoti Kothari,

      Beautiful description. I liked it.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi, Linjingjing,

      Thanks for your comments.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • linjingjing profile image

      linjingjing 8 years ago

      Jadau Meenakari The artistic Jewellery of Mogul pattern

      Writing a very interesting

    • profile image

      Mohit Dadwal 8 years ago

      Hi Jyoti,

      I live in Delhi. Can you suggest some place in Delhi from where can I buy these jewelry?

      Mohit

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Vimal,

      Thanks. Yes, Many Kolkata showrooms sell these. this kind of Jewelry is in latest fashion nowadays.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      Vimal Poddar 8 years ago

      I am from Kolkata and there are many showrooms in Kolkata which sale these varieties of Jewelry. Thanks for good info. I loved it. Thumbs up.

      Vimal

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi James,

      It is nice to know that you teach mogul history. In which university?

      Mogul had love for arts and crafts. They have patronized this very art of Kundan Jadau Meena to flourish in India.

      Jyoti Kothari

    • profile image

      James Harper 8 years ago

      Hi,

      This is nice info. I teach mogul history. new info for me.

      James

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi Norman,

      yes these types of Jewelry are normally not available in Europe and America. These are Indian specialities. visit;

      http://vardhamangems.webs.com

    • profile image

      Norman 8 years ago

      Hi,

      Good and unique. These Jeweleries are not found in Europe. Can we buy it online? Available?

      Norman

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Gemscart,

      Yes, mogul had love for arts. They patronized the art of Meenakari to be developed in India. Tradition is going on and Kundan Meena Jadau are in latest fashion.

      Jyoti Kothari

      http://vardhamangems.webs.com/kundanjadaumeena.htm

    • profile image

      Gemscart 8 years ago

      hi Jyoti,

      Mogul loved art and patronized the trade. You always write unique. Thumbs up!

    • justmesuzanne profile image

      justmesuzanne 8 years ago from Texas

      This is a very interesting Hub with beautiful photos! Thank you for sharing this! :) Suzanne

    • profile image

      shruti 8 years ago

      fantastic. I can not resist my will to buy some. Photographs also very good.

    • profile image

      jagan doshi 8 years ago

      Dear Jyoti,

      This is a fantastic hub. You have brought the Mogul tradition to our doorstep.I am interested in buying some. Will you guide me?

      Jagan

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
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      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Kundan jadau jewelry exhibition of Bhuramal Rajmal Surana in Hotel Taz Krishna, Hyderabad from 4th to 6th oct,08.

      Exclusive collection by legendary manufacturers of Kundan-Meena jewelry.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
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      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Anyway you have read it.

      Thanx,

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Anyway you have read it.

      Thanx,

    • profile image

      john schmit 8 years ago

      Jyoti,

      I really missed this hub. You have written this very early and I am reading this after 45 days of publishing.

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
      Author

      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

      Hi hyla,

      Thanks for the comment. Which type of jewelry do you make. I am a professional jeweller. can I help you some way?

      You may read some of my other hubs on gemstones and jewelry.

      jyoti kothari

      Hyderabad/jaipur

    • hymag profile image

      hymag 8 years ago from South Africa

      Hello, Thank you for the comment on my HubPage.

      This hubpage of yours is very interesting. I have always taken an interest in Jewelry making, and often wished I knew how to do it.

      Good Luck,

      Hyla

    • JYOTI KOTHARI profile image
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      Jyoti Kothari 8 years ago from Jaipur

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      darshan Kothari 8 years ago

      Good one. The only hub on the subject.

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