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Why Does my Skin Look and Feel so Bad? Common Skin Diseases and Treatments
Skin, our natural protector and the one organ we protect the least, is the largest one in the body spanning about 20 square feet and doing various jobs for us. Composed of three mayor layers, the skin keeps our bodies at an adequate temperature and lets us feel anything that touches us or that we touch since it is filled with nerve sensors. The layers are the epidermis, the dermis and the hypodermis, all lower than the one before.
Because it is the organ that comes in contact with the largest quantity of germs and injuries, it is very common for the skin to be affected by many different diseases. They are all mostly bumps, change in color, rashes and uncomfortable changes that burst into appearance and take some time to go away. Many of us are actually so used to being afflicted by these conditions that we will at times just ignore it and let the immune system fair for it alone. Our skin should have a lot of our attention and care though and should not be ignored.
The skin is one of the first things to notify us if something is wrong. Sudden temperature and color changes, pain intensity or even numbness is first recognized in the epidermis, leading us to search more on our symptoms and well being through it. The complexion and break outs seen in the skin are what really tell us if there is any change in the immune system that we should be worried about.
Many diseases that affect the skin are not life threatening and are very easy to deal with, while others can really damage our bodies and change the way we live. That is why it is important to have the best of care for the skin, paying attention to any symptoms or breakouts and cleansing it thoroughly. Some of the best ways to take care of it is washing it, having a healthy diet and exercise and showering with cold water the most since hot water opens the pores and lets bacteria in easier.
Also trying to get sun every now and then, but not too much, is very good. We do need the natural source of Vitamin D but the rays can be harmful. There are other things you can try like avoiding stressful situations or drugs and alcohol but those do not have as big an impact as the other ones.
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There are many skin conditions all of us have to deal with through our existences, constantly preventing and getting rid of them. There are slightly different versions of them and each cause a specific kind of repercussion on the skin. These are the most common ones we suffer the most:
- Skin Cancer: Known to be caused by the UV rays from the sun, this is one of the most common cancers and is usually untreated since it seems like no big problem at first. It is an unrestrained increase of cancer cells in certain areas of the skin and can potentially harm the rest of the body. If you see this on your body the best course of action is going to your G.P. for instruction.
- Shingles: Blisters that start out as a small rash-like collection of dots, they last about 2 weeks and are quite painful. Creams are used the most to battle this but at times, even after it is gone, the numbness and pain will continue being felt.
- Actinic Keratosis: Another condition produced by damage from the sun and eventually becoming a cancer, and the options are mainly surgery and medications. It is recognized to be a brownish wart or bump that can be removed early before it causes cancer.
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- Hives: An itchy patch or several red patches on the skin, they appear and disappear randomly. They usually form after a large change has happened to the body in which you were either sick or felt severe temperature drops. Creams and antihistamines are used to battle it but they go away rather quickly.
- Psoriasis: Bigger red patches that are rather scale like and itch a lot are caused when the cells grow too fast. They heal by themselves but are known to be reoccurring. Creams are also used to battle them.
- Basal Cell Carcinoma: Another type of cancer, it has a red and pink look to it, only appearing after it has settled in the basal layer of the epidermis, the lowest one that composes it. Surgery, curettage and electrodessication are the most common ways of dealing with it.
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- Acne: Formed when pores are filled with dirt, oil or other harmful things, they can become small, pus filled pores or completely closed off ones that turn dark which are called blackheads. The best way to care for them is to wash tenderly and keep skin clean and never attempt to open the pore to get whatever is in it out since it can cause scars, damage to the skin or infection.
- Eczema: Inflamed and red patches of skin, they are usually very itchy and are caused by different triggers on harmed skin. Medications and creams are used to treat it and it can come back in the same spots many times.
- Cold Sores: A painful blister or blisters that are the simpler version of the herpes virus are normally formed on the mouth or the nose. The only time to be worried with them is if seen on another person since they can be spread easily or if you have it and they have pus, your eyes get puffy or irritated or if it spreads. They last about 8 to 11 days.
- Razor Bumps: Appearing after a bad experience with a razor, these are small irritations that occur when the hair grows into the skin rather than out. The best way to avoid this is to shave properly with a hot shower before hand, use of shaving cream and proper rinsing.
- Skin Tags: Small growths or bursts of skin color that appear to hang of you, they are most common in the elderly or in women. Not exactly dangerous in any way, they are just uncomfortable and the doctor can always aid in taking them off, be it by temperature changes or cutting them off.
The skin suffers from many complications but these are the ones we recognize the most. There are many ways of treating them and there will always be continuing research on getting rid of them for good. One thing we have to focus on is doing our part and attempting to stay clean, enjoy a healthy life and contact our G.P. if we see anything to worry about.
Article by: Steven Gutiérrez