How To Get Rid of Scars
People are obsessed with perfection. From blemish-free paint jobs to pieces of clothing that are devoid of loose threads, wrinkles and snags. Fortunately, you can easily have your car or wall re-painted or iron out or repair your clothes. A scar on our smooth skin, however, can be difficult to remove. It's probably something we'll have to live with forever. Or, do we?
How Do Scars Come About
Scars usually occur after an injury, depending on how deep the injury is. Minor lesions, for example, may not form a scar after the wound has healed.
The skin is made up of collagen fibers that are arranged in a random manner. When the skin heals from a wound, the replacing tissue becomes aligned in a single direction instead of the random arrangement of the original tissue. Hence, the new tissue stands out from the original tissue, forming the ugly mark called a scar.
Types of Scars
Although scars may seem like permanent marks on the skin, there are ways of making them disappear or at least making them less noticeable. There are many types of scars and the treatment differs for each type.
These are probably the most noticeable because they tend to protrude from the skin. The reason for this is that too much collagen is produced by the body and the healing process becomes too aggressive.
The treatment for this scar includes:
- Surgical removal. This can be done through laser surgery or dermbrasion which involves taking off the top layer of the scar. This can also be done in the form of a Z-plasty wherein the scar is repositioned so that it would have the same alignment as the original skin.
- Injections with steroids. These injections make the collagen enzyme more active, causing it to break down the rapidly forming collagen tissues that cause the scars.
- Cryotherapy. This method involves freezing the area using liquid nitrogen.
- Pressure treatment or gel pads with silicone. This treatment should be done immediately after the wound heals. The sooner this treatment is applied, the more effective it becomes. Also, the application of this treatment should be done regularly. This treatment is done over a long period of time wherein the silicon pads are put in place by bandages twelve hours a day.
These occur after a burn when the skin becomes tighter. In this case, the treatment includes Z-plasty (which was mentioned earlier) and skin grafting. Minor contracture scars maybe treated with silicone gel treatments.
These are normally confuse with keloids as they are very similar. The difference with hypertrophic scars is that the scarring goes beyond the part that was injured. Since it's quite similar to a keloid, it is treated the same way.
These scars form a recession in the skin. As opposed to other scars, this occur because there isn't enough collagen to rebuild the area. These are commonly cause by acne or chicken pox.
These are usually treated through:
- Microdermabrasion wherein the top layer of the scar is gently scraped away with the use of tiny particles in a vacuum tube, leading to the growth of new cells.
- Laser Therapy. This involves the use of a carbon dioxide laser or a yellow light laser which "remodel" the surface of the scar.
- Soft Tissue Filler. Bovine collagen, polymer implants and other forms of collagen type fillers as well as the patient's fat are injected in order to raise up the pitted surface.
This occurs when the skin is stretched. This is common during pregnancy or a major weight gain. This is usually treated with the topical application of scar removal creams which are available over the counter. Although there are many scar removal creams and ointments being advertised in the market, the most popular and most recommended stretch mark removal cream as of the moment is Mederma Skin Care For Scars.
Although there are now many forms of scar treatment available in the market, these procedures or creams and ointments maybe expensive. Most of these procedures are considered as cosmetic treatments and are rarely covered by one's health insurance. These procedures can only be covered by one's health insurance if the scarred area impedes the person's movement. In this case, a doctor's letter is very important in being able to make a claim.
For smaller scars, cheaper options maybe possible. There are many over the counter creams that can be applied on scars to go away. Examples of these are Mederma Skin Care for Scars, Quantum Health Derma Scar Cream and Palmer Cocoa Butter Scar Serum which seem to be the three most popular scar removal products in the market today.
Other people may recommend natural remedies like tea tree oil, Vitamin C, green tea and lemon juice. There has been claims that rubbing tea tree oil on your scars several times a day will make it disappear in a few days. Another claim states that the application of lemon juice on acne scars can make them go away. Lastly, they say that swabbing green tea on the scarred area with a cotton ball will make the scar go away. If you have very minor or small scars, perhaps you could give these natural methods a try before purchasing scar removal products online.
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Also, it should be considered that making a scar disappear is difficult or impossible, depending on the gravity of the injury. Sometimes, the treatments just diminish the appearance of the scar. And, you may need the help of a concealer to make it invisible.
© 2012 Shanti Rose