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Skin Spots Disease: Hyperpigmentation, Addison's And More

Updated on July 31, 2012

As we age there are number of changes that our skin undergoes. One common condition that develops is dark skin spots. Dark spots, also known as age spots or hyperpigmentation. They range from freckle size to one centimeter in diameter and are often associated with dry skin, deep wrinkles, red veins and various types of pimples.

Repeated exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun can lead to dark spots or other conditions like freckles. They begin to occur after the age of forty and are most often found on the face, forehead, shoulders, forearms and the back of the hands. Fair skinned individuals are affected more often than those with darker complexions.

Various skin diseases which include acne, melasma and post inflammatory hyper-pigmentation can leave dark spots after the disease has healed.

Certain medications can also cause dark spots. These medications include phenothiazines, tetracyclines, estrogens and sulfonamides. Health conditions that can lead to dark spots include liver disease, pregnancy, Addison’s disease, pituitary tumors. If age spots become excessively dark or change in appearance see your doctor to evaluate whether any of these conditions may be the underlying cause.

There are several step that can be taken to prevent dark spots from developing. Applying a healthy sunscreen lotion (spf 15) capable of blocking UVA and UVB rays from the sun. Sunscreen should be applied half an hour before sun exposure to give the skin time to absorb it. Remember to avoid overexposure to the sun. The suns rays are most damaging between the hours of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Natural skin treatment systems are available effective at preserving the skin from the harmful effects of the sun. If you are presently using a skin treatment system take a close look at the ingredients.

Ninety eight percent of the products available in North America contain mineral oilwhich prevents absorption of nutrients and exfoliation of toxins. To learn more about what to look for in a healthy skin treatment system read the articleCombating Dry, Aging Skin: What Effect Does Mineral Oil, Alcohol Have And More. Natural lightening creams can be used fade dark spots and even skin tone. To learn more read the article How to Lighten Skin Naturally.


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    • profile image


      6 years ago

      i had black spots but now gone

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      I am 42 and have never been able to use a moisturizer because everything made me break out. Now I don't know what happened lately to my skin but it just "exploded" overnight. I went from fairly decent looking skin to dark spots, red blotches, fine lines, not so funny deeper looking laugh lines, dull and rough looking skin. Oh and I also got dry pimples again. Then I did some research and read about Made from Earth's skincare products, which are recommended for sensitive skin. Thank goodness I tried their Vitamin Enhanced Face Firming Serum. My dark spots after one week are sincerely lighter, my laugh lines (with the help of an additional peptide cream) are almost gone. As for me breaking out because of the Pro-Vitamin B5 and Vitamin E ingredients that did not happen; in fact my pimples are gone as well. I will stick with Made from Earth since it took 10 years off my face according to my husband who said that my skin looks smooth and soft again.

    • profile image

      Gurdeep Singh 

      7 years ago

      great information ....thanks

    • Beth Ho profile image

      Beth Ho 

      8 years ago from Australia

      Very true about medications causing or worsening pigmentation. I didn't know that about mineral oil. Sweet hub!

    • einron profile image


      9 years ago from Toronto, Ontario, CANADA

      Thanks a lot for your information.

    • Daniel Carter profile image

      Daniel Carter 

      9 years ago from Western US

      Great hub. You always have great information and it's much appreciated.

    • one2recognize2 profile image


      9 years ago from New York

      This was a very good hub, and yes I had to send to a few friends who need such great advice. :) and thanks for sharing.

    • ocbill profile image


      9 years ago from hopefully somewhere peaceful and nice

      Good information. I remember when it used to be advised to stay out of the sun from 10 am to 2 pm. Since Ibelieve in global warming or a warming phase the times do have to be adjusted accordingly.

    • tommywong profile image


      9 years ago from Malaysia

      My hometown in Asia, usually hot and sunny day, so lots of Asia people will end up dark spot because always expose to hot sun, i already share out this hub's information to my friend hope will help them a bit and help you increase traffic too :)

    • jill of alltrades profile image

      jill of alltrades 

      9 years ago from Philippines

      Thanks for sharing this hub. I always forget to put on sunscreen. This is a good reminder for me.

    • lotuslove19 profile image

      Sarika Mehra 

      9 years ago

      there is something more which you can do to lessen this problem if you can rub aleo vera gel on these spots and also have it ,it works wonders .and also do some breathing excercise as soon your body gets ample amount of oxygen your skin starts glowing.

    • RGraf profile image

      Rebecca Graf 

      9 years ago from Wisconsin

      I never knew you could do anything about them. Goes to show that I still have a lot to learn.

    • ethel smith profile image

      Ethel Smith 

      9 years ago from Kingston-Upon-Hull

      'Fraid I already have a few of these. Love the sun too much

    • profile image

      Nancy's Niche 

      9 years ago

      Thanks for a very informative article. Your right, as one ages these problems do occur. Being a sun goddess is a very wrong choice...


    • kiran8 profile image


      9 years ago from Mangalore, India

      Excellent information ! This is something that most of us need to know, thanks a lot :)

    • emohealer profile image

      Sioux Ramos 

      9 years ago from South Carolina

      Prevention truly is always the best cure. Thanks for the tips and advice.

    • profile image


      9 years ago

      Great information on staying young and it's also good to know when to get a checkup when knowing what to look for. The preventitive advice you give in your links are good to know about too. Thanks for your advice Steve..

    • bala99 profile image

      Bala Subrahmanyam Vishnubhotla 

      9 years ago from Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

      Good guide for people with an outdoor job! Thank you.

    • stevemark122000 profile imageAUTHOR


      9 years ago from Southern California

      Thanks for your comment jolinarodriguez!

      I have written a hub on natural ways to care for skin. Go to Aging Skin: Natural Treatment and Prevention. The link is in the article above.

    • jolinarodriguez profile image


      9 years ago from virgin island US

      thanks for sharing is there a natural ways in caring our skin


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