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Skin Types

Updated on May 20, 2013

Types of Skin

The skin is the largest organ in the human body and there are several skin types.

It is composed of 3 layers - the epidermis (outermost layer), dermis (responsible for supporting tissues) and hypodermis (bottom layer).

The epidermis, the outermost layer of skin, consists of epithelial cells with a similar arrangement of a "brick wall". It is responsible for constant cell renewal and causes the elimination of cell layer of the cornea and its gradual replacement by others cells. The epidermis gives rise to skin appendages: nails, hair, sweat glands and sebaceous glands.

The dermis, located between the epidermis and hypodermis, is responsible for the strength and elasticity of the skin. It consists of connective tissue (collagen and elastic fibers surrounded by ground substance), blood and lymph vessels, nerves and nerve endings.

The hypodermis, also called the subcutaneous tissue, the deepest portion of the skin is composed of bundles of connective tissue surrounding the fat cells and form lobes of fat. The structure provides protection from physical trauma, in addition of being a storehouse of calories.

Your skin also feels and reacts according to your mood and lifestyle.

So often I hear people saying things like: "My skin glows", "My skin jerking", "My skin is tired" ...

It is therefore essential to maintain a healthy diet and daily skin care, so you can have more confidence, self-esteem and mood, which will help your skin to always have a great-looking.


A) Dry Skin

- More common after 35 years.

- Thin and sensitive, with a tendency to desquamation.

- Low brightness, due to lack of natural moisture.

- Tendency to present early wrinkles around eyes and mouth.

B) Oily Skin

- Most common between 15 and 35 years.

- Bright, thick, with a tendency to blackheads, pimples and pores.

- Few wrinkles, but deep.

- Appearance bright, especially in the T-zone (forehead, nose and chin).

C) Normal skin

- Normal skin is silky, with no closed pores and blackheads.

D) Skin Mixed

- The skin mixed presents oiliness in T-zone (forehead, nose and chin), while other areas of the face have normal skin.

E) Mature Skin

- Due to decreased production of substances essential for sustaining tissues, this type of skin is inelastic and dull, with lines and wrinkles.

Some preventive care to maintain an healthy skin:

- Drink plenty of fluids, preferably water.

- Take a few minutes of your day to clean, tone and moisturize your skin.

- Sleep well and make a healthy diet.

- You should periodically take an exfoliation and moisturizing mask (Facials)

- Use products suitable to your skin type;


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