What You Need to Know about Rosacea
Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory condition of the skin. Rosacea causes redness of the face, including the cheeks, nose, chin and forehead. It may also occur on the neck, chest, scalp or ears. It begins mostly from the age of 30.
What is Rosacea?
Rosacea is a condition that occurs when the blood vessels under the facial skin expands (dilate) very easily due to various factors such as the food you eat, the type of drink , chemical products, hot baths, hot climate etc.,
Heredity is one of the causes of Rosacea. In this case, the genes are responsible for Rosacea.
Some factors act as triggers that can aggravate Rosacea by increasing the blood flow to the skin. For example, vigorous exercise, coffee, alcohol, spicy food, dairy products, sunlight, wind, humidity, some medications etc. Triggers vary from person to person.
The main symptoms of Rosacea are flushing of the face on and off, persistent redness, veins that are clearly visible on the face, bumps and pimples.
Some other symptoms include burning and itching of the affected areas of the skin, swelling of the face (edema), extreme dryness of the skin, thickening of skin on the nose (rhinophyma), and red patches which stand out from the surface of the skin (known as plaque).
Rosacea can also affect the eyes. This type of Rosacea is known as “Ocular Rosacea”
Things to do if you have Rosacea
People suffering with Rosacea, should follow a healthy diet, drink a lot of water and exercise lightly. If Rosacea is left untreated, it worsens the skin condition and will lead to other complications.
People with Rosacea are advised to do low intensity exercises – walking, swimming, Yoga, tai-chi etc., because vigorous exercises aggravate this condition.
Stress is an important trigger of Rosacea. Remember to relax, rest and get a good night’s sleep.
There are many skin creams that reduce inflammation and redness of the skin. Along with the skin cream dermatologists usually prescribe antibiotics as oral medication. Do not use over the counter medication from pharmacies without consulting your dermatologist.
Important points to remember:
When going out in the sun apply a broad spectrum sunscreen with a sun protection factor of at least 15.
- In winter protect your face from the cold.
- Avoid touching or rubbing your face.
- Avoid alcoholic drinks.
- After washing your face remember to moisturize.
- Use noncomodogenic products. These do not block the oil and the sweat glands.
- Do not use facial products that have alcohol and skin irritants.
- Avoid spicy food.
- Do not take hot baths or showers.
- Make a list of food and drinks that may act as triggers and avoid them.
- Consult a dermatologist. Do not self medicate.
People with Rosacea may find themselves being stared at. They become shy, self conscious and anxious because of this. The best way to deal with this situation is to simply ignore this. Talk to your close family and friends to relieve stress. Join a self-help group with people who have Rosacea and face similar situations.
Cosmetic treatment for Rosacea
Photorejuvenation therapy can improve the symptoms of Rosacea. This treatment reduces the visible appearance of broken blood vessels and redness of the skin.
Photorejuvenation uses concentrated broad band light for treatment. This is absorbed by the brown and the red pigments on the skin and helps to improve the texture and soothes the skin.
This procedure takes about 30 - 45 minutes. Photorejuvenation will require more than one session depending upon the skin condition. You can get back to normal life after the treatment. You need to take care not to go out in the sun immediately after the treatment.
After the treatment the redness of the skin may increase but this will reduce in a day or two. You can use mineral powder to cover the redness and carry on with your daily activities.
Source - medlase.com