ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Wrinkle Treatment and More: What Sun Damage Does to Our Skin

Updated on May 2, 2013
Source

Hot summer days draw people out to have fun in the sun. We all love tanning, outdoor sports, swimming, bike riding, rollerblading, picnicking, and many other activities made more enjoyable in the warmth of the sun’s rays. But this exposure can eventually lead to wrinkle treatment and other anti-aging cures needed to reverse years of sun damage. Some treatments are for cosmetic purposes and some are purely medical. In any case, if you expose yourself to prolonged sunlight without the protection of a good sunscreen and a hat, your fun in the sun could have dire consequences.

How Sun Damage Leads to Wrinkle Treatment

How does the sun cause wrinkles? Ultraviolet rays from the sun have adverse affects on the maintenance and repair of our collagen. Too much sunlight causes abnormal elastin production, which leads to an overabundance of the enzyme metalloproteinases. While metalloproteinases normally helps to repair and rebuild sun damaged collagen fibers, too much of it has the opposite effect. Collagen fibers, thus, get broken down. In addition, UV rays cause the formation of free radicals, or molecules that are missing an electron. This leads to a chain response that eventually takes a toll on our skin cells. With sun damage hindering our ability to repair ourselves and produce healthy new skin, we begin to form wrinkles.

Wrinkle treatment comes in many forms. Some options include creams and cleansers containing alpha-hydroxy acid, laser skin rejuvenation, and cosmetic fillers like Botox and Restylane. But the best treatment is preventative.

How Sun Damage Causes Jowls

Jowls are the sagging skin that hangs from the jaw line on either side of the mouth. These begin to form naturally as we age and have a few major contributors. One of the biggest causes of jowl formation is genetics, which can’t be prevented. Another is the inevitable weakening of the fibrous connective tissue between our skin and muscles. And a third cause is simply gravity; as we lose tissue volume, gravity pulls the skin downward.

Sun damage comes into account with jowl formation because it speeds up the process similar to the way UV rays cause wrinkles. In addition to genetics, aging, and gravity, excessive sun exposure adds a whole new contributor to the battle against jowls. Too much sunlight causes skin to lose elasticity and sag prematurely, thus worsening the appearance of jowls over time. This unwanted, sagging skin can be treated through liposuction, facelift, or non-surgically with dermal fillers like Radiesse.

How Sun Damage Causes Age Spots and Moles

Our bodies naturally protect themselves from sunlight by producing melanin. This inherent sunscreen is responsible for expelling more than 99.9% of the UV radiation we absorb by dispelling it as heat. But too much melanogenesis can cause clustering of the melanocyte cells that make melanin. This eventually manifests as patchy pigmentation, known as age spots and sun spots, or definitive dark spots known as moles. Age spots remain flat while moles can be raised or textured. This grouping of protective melanin pigment can be reversed with hydroquinone cream for age spots, surgical excision for moles, or laser treatment for both.

Sun Damage and Skin Cancer

Sun damage causes more than just accelerated aging of the skin. It can also cause cancer. Most cases of skin cancer originate from prolonged exposure to UV rays from the sun or tanning beds. The type of cancer that develops depends on which cell has mutated, and will manifest in Basal cell cancer, Squamous cell cancer, or Melanoma. If you notice skin wounds, ulcers, and/or discolorations in the skin that do not heal, see a dermatologist. Also see a dermatologist if you notice a mole that has uneven borders or has changed shape, size, or color. It is always advised that you wear sunscreen and other sun protection to help prevent skin cancer.

Bottom Line

It is tempting to celebrate youth, fitness, health, and beauty by augmenting our appearance with a bronze glow and living life under the sun. But too much UV light causes accelerated aging. Every deep tan does serious damage to the underlying structure that sustains beautiful skin. In the end, the long-term risk is not worth the fleeting reward. Besides, there are other, safer ways to get a glowing tan. Take the alternative route and save yourself a future of wrinkle treatments, lasers, dermal fillers, or possibly something worse. And remember to protect yourself with a good sunscreen and a hat when prolonged sun exposure is unavoidable.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)