Dry skin is when your skin is unable to retain moisture and feels tight and uncomfortable after washing.
Oil glands do not supply enough lubrication to the skin causing it to become dehydrated.
Skin gets exposed to elements especially in winter.
It could be a genetic condition.
Excessive bathing with harsh soaps or environmental elements such as wind, sun, etc.
It could be due to conditions such as eczema, psoriasis, etc.
It could also arise when people with diabetes have serious skin complications.
Certain drugs can also contribute to dry skin.
It could also be a sign of an under active thyroid.
How to care
Do not use tap water when cleansing dry skin as the deposits are too drying on the skin.
Never use hot water. Use mineral water.
Dry skin needs lots of gentle cleansing, regular massaging and oil and moisture.
It also needs extra protection. Washing it with soap and water not only removes dirt but also the natural oils protecting the skin.
A moisturizer increases the outer layer of the skin giving it a moist look.
Use neutral ph products to cleanse your skin and not some commercial soap.
After a bath or shower, apply baby oil mildly.
Avoid coming in contact with highly alkaline products and detergents which contain drying ingredients.
To restore the suppleness of the skin, moisten it with water, and then apply a thin layer of air-excluding moisturizer.
Avoid sudden changes in the temperature. Protect yourself from the wind and the sun.
At night, use a creamy cleanser or oil.
Increase your consumption of water and essential fatty acids.
Do not smoke as it can make your skin dry and leathery.
Morning skin cleanser
1 egg yolk
1 teaspoon orange juice
1 teaspoon olive oil
Few drops of rose water and lime juice
Mix the ingredients together and apply them on your skin every morning 15 minutes before taking your bath.
1 teaspoon of honey
Half a teaspoon of olive oil
Few drops of rose water
Mix them thoroughly and use it as a mask.
After cleaning and toning your skin, apply a splash of water. Pat almost dry with soft towel and then apply moisturizer. Allow 5 minutes for absorption, then blot off excess moisturizer with tissue. Men can skip the toner but should moisturize the skin near the eyes.
Apply a touch of natural moisturizer over freshly cleansed, toned and dampened skin. Men should follow a two step process. Apply moisturizer after shaving. Wait ten minutes, then moisturize again.
Take a milk bath once a week to nourish and your skin. Warm your bath and put in 250g of powdered milk, half tablespoon of almond oil and a few drops of your favorite perfume. Then just lie in it.
Before applying lipstick, remove rough bits of chaffed skin with soft cloth and rub beet root gently on them. After applying lipstick, add a little Vaseline to keep lips soft.
Use a humidifier to reduce the loss of moisture from the skin.
Herbs for dry skin
Aloe vera: it's soothing, healing and moisturizing. It helps to remove dead skin cells. Apply on affected areas.
Calendula and comfrey: they have skin softening properties. They can be used in floral sauna or to make herbal or floral waters. Comfrey also reduces redness and soothes irritated skin.
Drink teas of peppermint and dandelion.
Eat a balanced diet. Increase your intake of raw food.
Foods such as garlic, onions, eggs and asparagus are high in sulfur which helps to keep the skin smooth and youthful.
Eat plenty of yellow and orange vegetables. Carrots are especially good.
Eat foods rich in vitamin B5 such as cheese, natural plain yoghurt and leafy green vegetables. It's needed for the synthesis of fats and oil used by your skin.
Drink lots of water.
Don't drink soft drinks or other junk foods and avoid alcohol and caffeine.
Common sense recommendations
Evening primrose oil supplements are beneficial for the skin. It strengthens skin cells and boosts moisture content.
Get sufficient sleep as the skin's cellular repair activity is at the optimum.
Exercise as it boosts the circulation and encourages blood flow.
For quick easy skin pack, mash a ripe banana and spread it thickly on the face and throat. Leave it on for around ten minutes, and then wash it off with warm water.