How To Cut Hair In Layers
How to Cut Hair in layers
Why is a uniform layered haircut still one of today's most popular type of style across the Globe? Well for one thing, it's simple to wear, easy to manage, it suits most types and heads of hair, from fine and straight to thick and curly and it can be adapted for people of all ages. How to cut hair in layers on any head of hair regardless of texture etc, is a must for any young stylist intent on building a successful clientele.
The following training guidelines show how to cut a mid length layered haircut, and once mastered, will form the basic sectioning techniques for how to cut all the various lengths of layered haircuts.
Equipment needed to cut hair in layers
One pair of cutting scissors
A professional cutting comb
Sectioning clips and or hair clamps
A detangling comb to detangle the hair after shampooing and conditioning
Long sectioning clips are best for keeping a wide section, and clamps are best for securing long hair.
It would be preferable to work on clean, conditioned hair.
How to cut hair in layers:
Follow the following hair cutting techniques carefully:
Comb the wet hair back from the forehead, and create two parallel partings approximately 3 inches, or 7cm in width, across the top of the head, to just in front of the crown, and secure this section with a clamp.
Create another parting across the head, from the end of the first parting, to behind the top of the ear, and section this off using a long sectioning clip.
Repeat this on the other side.
From the centre of the crown, run a parting down to the centre of the neckline, and leaving out the hair from the occipital bone to the neckline, create two more sections by making two further partings running parallel to the neckline.
Secure these partings by combing the hair towards the ears and clamping.
You now have a section across the nape area about 2 inches or 5cm deep, from which you will cut in your perimeter line.
At this point you could add another section with a horizontal parting running from the forehead to the vertical parting behind the ear, at about one inch or 2cmabove the ear, and repeated on the other side or wait until you have cut in your perimeter line at the neckline. Cut in the perimeter line to your desired length at the nape, and comb down and cut the side sections and cut to desired length to blend in with the neck length.
With the perimeter length decided, return to your first sections on the top of the head and lift out a section of hair from the forehead approximately half an inch, or 2 cm deep, between the two partings. Think of the rungs of a ladder, you have just put in the first rung.
How to cut layers diagram 1
Lift the section up with your comb at 90Âºand cut the hair parallel to the scalp at the desired length.
Continue over the top of the head to the crown, taking small sections at 90Âº making sure each cut section is parallel to the scalp, and this will produce an arc shape.
How to cut hair in layers diagram 2
Back to the front, and create a parting from just above the temple to that vertical parting behind the ear. This is your second ladder. Section and cut the hair in exactly the same way starting at the forehead, only this time, pick up a little of what you have already cut in the first section, to act as a guideline, and angle your fingers to produce another arc shape.
How to cut hair in layers diagram 3
Work your way back to the crown using the ladder analogy, and repeat on the other side.
The next section is from the hair on the sides. Imagine another ladder going back to behind the ear. Pick up the next section, out at 90Âº, this time using a little of the previously cut section, and the length you have previously cut when you cut in the perimeter to decide your cutting angle and the amount to cut. Work your way back to over the ear. Two thirds of the haircut is now complete.
To complete the back section, I use vertical sections fanning out from the crown. Imagine drawing lines vertically around an orange. Draw a face on the front then you will get what I mean. Remove the clamps and comb the hair down vertically.
Begin with the section from the crown you put in at the beginning, and create another parallel to this one about 2cm wide, and long enough to fit into your fingers.
Lifting the hair up at 90Âº and including a little hair from the previously cut crown section as a guideline, and not forgetting the arc shape, cut in your line. Work your way round to the vertical parting behind the ear, and repeat on the other side
The last sections are vertical, and starting at the centre vertical section, work towards the ears. Each section will have the previously cut hair from the occipital area as a guide as well as the previously cut perimeter line. Pick up a little of each and only cut what is in between.
To create these vertical sections, you will have to change the way you hold the hair .Pick the hair up with the comb into your hand with your palm towards you, and cut the hair in the palm of your hand.
Your layered haircut is now complete, but not finished. Now you must check it.
To cross check the haircut simply comb through all the sections from a different direction to see if you have missed some hair. Check behind the ears for sections which may not have been picked up by the comb.
After cross checking, there are other hair cutting techniques that can be applied which are outside the remit of this article, but which would make this haircut more individual and adaptable to clients of all ages
Do you want to learn more hair cutting techniques?
For more information on how to cut hair or to brush up on other hair cutting techniques please visit my How to cut hair website
- How to cut hair in layers
How to Cut hair. a step by step hair cutting course on 6 dvds featuring the unique and patented KUTS Method by expert hairdresser Ken Graham