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Pines: History | Benefits | Where To Buy Pine Oil

Updated on July 15, 2011

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The scientific name of pine is Pinus sylvestris and it is also called Scotch pine. There are many species of pines, which have a fresh aroma that is soothing, relaxing and very refreshing to our mind, body, and soul. Though it is interesting to note that essential oils of pines produce medicinal effects. Pine trees belong to the Pinaceae family. Pine is a resinous tree, which grows about 30 meters in height with dense conical crown. It has a scaly bark ocher in its juvenile phase and it turns brownish gray when it reaches maturity. The stem of pine tree is cylindrical. Pine tree has very thick needle-shaped leaves that are gathered in groups and measure between 3 and 10 cm long and are variable in color ranging from grayish green and teal. The pine seeds consist of integuments and tissue reserve of the seed (endosperm).

History of Pines

Human beings have used pine bark and roots since ancient times for various medicinal purposes. Arabia, Romans Greece, and Egypt civilizations recognized pines’ intense healing properties many centuries back.  Pines have also had some association with religious ceremonies. Pines were popular in treatment of lung infections such as tuberculosis, pneumonia, and bronchitis. Ancient people used to grow a large number of pines trees and called that area as pine forests because of the excellent air quality of this area which is beneficial in treatment of lung problems. Pine is now a widely used ingredient in soaps and deodorants due to its disinfectant properties.

Pinus sylvestris or pine tree
Pinus sylvestris or pine tree

Origin and Distribution of Pines

There is an extensive range of pine trees in Europe and Asia, especially in the northeastern Russia and Scandinavia. There are around 80 species of pine tree and much of pine oil comes from the Norwegian and Scottish pine.

Extraction of Pine Essential Oil

Pine essential oil is extracted through dry distillation of pine needles.

Benefits of Pine Oil

  • Essential oil of pine has antiviral, antiseptic, and decongestant properties.
  • Pine oil is good for treatment of respiratory diseases that occur especially after change of weather.
  • Pine oil has antirheumatic effect.
  • Pine oil has cholagogue effect.
  • Pine essential oil has balsamic effect.
  • Pine oil is a natural choleretic, deodorant, cleanser, diuretic, and expectorant.
  • Pine oil is a natural insecticide, restorative, and adrenal cortex stimulant.
  • Pine oil is helpful in treatment of stress, nervous fatigue, general weakness, exhaustion, mental fatigue, and neuralgia with the help of pine oil massage and inhalation.


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    • soni2006 profile image

      Rajinder Soni 8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thanks hypnodude for your expert review of this hub.

    • hypnodude profile image

      Andrea 8 years ago from Italy

      Concise yet with all the relevant information. And very interesting to know. Rated up.

    • soni2006 profile image

      Rajinder Soni 8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Thanks a lot for your visit and comment Veronica. You are a great support always.

    • Veronica Allen profile image

      Veronica Allen 8 years ago from Georgia

      You always manage to find the most interesting information. Thank you for sharing the wonderful benefits of pine oil. I learned something new today.

    • soni2006 profile image

      Rajinder Soni 8 years ago from New Delhi, India

      Yes it differs Mr. Roychoudhury.

    • H P Roychoudhury profile image

      H P Roychoudhury 8 years ago from Guwahati, India

      Are the pine oil different in different regions?