ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Analysis and Comparison of 1G , 2G , 3G ,4G and 5G Telecom Services

Updated on August 31, 2013

The Journey of “G” from 1 to 5 th Generation

Until the controversial spectrum scams were brought up in the limelight many were ignorant of what 1G, 2G or 3G stood for and all of a sudden a hike was found out amongst laymen so as to be knowledgeable about it. Still a number of people are unaware of 1G or 2G when the world has moved on to 4G.

The telecommunication service in World had a great leap within a last few year. . 6 billion people own a mobile phones so we are going to analyze the various generations of cellular systems as studied in the evolution of mobile communications from 1st generation to 5th generation .Now almost all the service providers as well as the customers seek for availing these 3G and 4G services.

We can analyze that this could be due to increase in the telecoms customers day by day. In the present time, there are four generations in the mobile industry. These are respectively 1G the first generation, 2G the second generation, 3G the third generation, and then the 4G the forth generation. Ericson a Swedish company is launching this high tech featured mobile into the market. It is being first introduced in the Swedish Capital city, Stockholm.

Present Status of Telecommunication Services in Asian Countries

Now we are in the midst of 4G. In China, the 3G service came into existence only by last February. Therefore, that it may take time for exposing to other states. But we should also realize many other countries such as the Asian countries were using these services since last decade. Due to these reasons, we can hope that the 4G may enter within a few years. The 3G (Third Generation) had also reached India recently. There is no doubt that within a few years India will be the first in telecom users also.

What's 4G Mobile Technology by Prof. Willie Lu,

HubPoll: 5G Wireless Systems

What are 5G Wireless Systems?

See results

What is 2G ?

Second Generation (2G) wireless cellular mobile services was a step ahead of First Generation( 1G) services by providing the facility of short message service(SMS) unlike 1G that had its prime focus on verbal communication. A typical 2G G.S.M network service ranges from 800/900MHz or 1800/1900 spectrum. The bandwidth of 2G is 30-200 KHz.

Let us examine what these 3G & 4G have rather than that of 1G and 2G.

Analysis of 1G and 2G services

In 1G, Narrow band analogue wireless network is used, with this we can have the voice calls and can send text messages. These services are provided with circuit switching. Today’s the usual call starts from the beginning pulse to rate to the final rate. Then in case of 2G Narrow Band Wireless Digital Network is used. It brings more clarity to the conversation and both these circuit-switching model.

Both the 1G and 2G deals with voice calls and has to utilize the maximum bandwidth as well as a limited till sending messages i.e. SMS. The latest technologies such as GPRS, is not available in these generations. But the greatest disadvantage as concerned to 1G is that with this we could contact with in the premises of that particular nation, whereas in case of 2G the roaming facility a semi-global facility is available.

2.5 Generation

In between 2G and 3G there is another generation called 2.5G. Firstly, this mid generation was introduced mainly for involving latest bandwidth technology with addition to the existing 2G generation. To be frank but this had not brought out any new evolution and so had not clicked to as much to that extend.

What is 3G Generation

But to overcome the limitations of 2G and 2.5G the 3G had been introduced. In this 3G Wide Brand Wireless Network is used with which the clarity increases and gives the perfection as like that of a real conversation. The data are sent through the technology called Packet Switching .Voice calls are interpreted through Circuit Switching. It is a highly sophisticated form of communication that has come up in the last decade.

In addition to verbal communication it includes data services, access to television/video, categorizing it into triple play service. 3G operates at a range of 2100MHz and has a bandwidth of 15-20MHz. High speed internet service, video chatting are the assets of 3G.

How is 2G different from 3G?

  • In comparison to 2G customers will have to pay a relatively high license fee for 3G.
  • The network construction and maintenance for 3G is much expensive than 2G.
  • From the point of view of customers, expenditure will be excessively high if they make access to various facets of 3G.

What is Packet Switching

This is actually done by supplying various addressed packets, which will be interconnected to have the conversation. It is not necessary to create a new dedicated path for sending the data. It had been modified in such a way that the data can be send through any path; hence, this data will be received at a less time as compared to that of voice calls.

Packet Switching in Computer networks

The data packs are also used in computer that is when we connected with internet this data pack helps to download the web pages that is being displayed in the monitor. For a Data Pack it does not need any separate path for downloading or displaying any objects in the computer or any other equipment. This is due to the reason that by networking, separate paths are being created and after analyzing each, the data are being transferred to the correct access point.

Hub Challenge 18 out of 30 : Analysis and Comparison of 1G , 2G , 3G ,4G and 5G Telecom Services
Hub Challenge 18 out of 30 : Analysis and Comparison of 1G , 2G , 3G ,4G and 5G Telecom Services

Main 3G Services

With the help of 3G, we can access many new services too. One such service is the GLOBAL ROAMING. Another thing to be noted in case of 3G is that Wide Band Voice Channel that is by this the world has been contracted to a little village because a person can contact with other person located in any part of the world and can even send messages too. Then the point to be noted is that 3G gives clarity of voice as well can talk with out any disturbance. Not only these but also have entertainments such as Fast Communication, Internet, Mobile T.V, Video Conferencing, Video Calls, Multi Media Messaging Service (MMS), 3D gaming, Multi-Gaming etc are also available with 3G phones.

What is the reason for delay in implementing 3G and 4G Mobile services?

It is very sad to say that the 3G services had only reached with in some towns of china, so that it may take time to reach to Other countries. Another major defect of this is that Wide Band Frequency Spectrum, which is needed for 3G, is lacking. Another reason for this is that it a cost bearing item especially for sending data. So for us it is a higher one which could be used only by upper classes. If it should be accepted among all customers, firstly it should be availed at a lower rate, for which the rate of spectrum should be declined.

4g Services In India

A new revolution in the mobile market of India has begun by Bharathi Airtel, one of the leading mobile companies in the country, which has started their services for the fourth generation mobiles in Kolkata. The internet speed of 4G mobile service is 100MBPS (21 MB per second), when compared to the low speed of 21MBPS in 3G mobiles. Other mobile companies are also planning to make 4G services available. The companies namely Reliance infotel and Qualcomm have got licence to make the 4G service available in Kerala.

Main 4G Features

When It is still to estimate as to how many number of people have moved on from 2G to 3G , technology has come up with the latest of its type namely 4G.A successor of 2G and 3G, 4G promises a downloading speed of 100Mbps and is yet to shower its wonders on. then with the case of Fourth Generation that is 4G in addition to that of the services of 3G some additional features such as Multi-Media Newspapers, also to watch T.V programs with the clarity as to that of an ordinary T.V. In addition, we can send Data much faster that that of the previous generations.

Companies that make available 4G services in India

It is the Reliance industry that has got 4G licence in the 22 circles of the country. It was possible due to its adoption of the company Infotel. Airtel has got licence in four circles, which include Kolkata. Other companies: BSNL (20 circles), Aircel(8 circles), Tikona( 5 circles), Qualcomm( 4 circles), MTNL( 2 circles), Auger( 1 circle). Even though Qualcomm has got licence, it hasn’t got spectrum yet.

Distinguishing features of 4G

The convenience of a faster internet browsing is the main benefit of 4G when compared to 3G mobiles. In 4G mobiles, videos and other things can be downloaded at a speed that is four times that of 3G.But at present speaking facility is not made available in 4G. That means to provide call facilities for companies providing 4G, they need 2G licence.

When 3G services were presented, it was widely believed that it would bring about a revolutionary change in the communicative field. But later widening their services throughout the country became deliberately slow. The failure of companies to transform the 2G service users to 3G was the main reason for it. The obstruction for widening 3G throughout the country was another reason for the failure of third generation mobiles. The companies didn’t show much interest to decide a substantial amount for 3G services. But the judgement of those in the telecom field is that, these all are just some mistakes in the beginning and it will be transformed gradually.

The technique used in 4G

Most of the tablet-mobile producing companies are looking forward for the technique that the companies would use to provide 4G services. Airtel is going to use the TDLTE (Time Division- Long Term Evolution) technique. Airtel claims that this technique would offer 100 MBPS internet speed in mobiles. This can be used also in 2G and 3G services. But to provide this facility Bharathi Airtel has also got to come across many difficulties. When this service was experimented in Kolkata, it was found by the telecom department that there was a delay of 4-5 minutes. The telecom department has also asked Airtel to find a solution for it that would save more time.

Nokia's mobile phone of the future

If you've found this article helpful remember to:

    * Rate it up
    * Share it with your friends and networks
    * Leave a comment or question


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      bindu 2 years ago

      many people of india still now have no knowledge about internet.then how we hope that my india become a developed country. Please aware people about internet.

    • profile image

      rubeela malik 4 years ago

      very nice and informative

    • Kevin Peter profile image

      Kevin Peter 4 years ago from Global Citizen

      Thanks a lot for your comment.

    • profile image

      a t kishore 4 years ago

      Generations beyond LTE are mere speculations at this moment

      LTE-A is true 4G

      LTE-B is supposed to be around in 2020 with 1000 times more throughput

      No official stamp of that as 5G yet

      Rest all is mere imagination

    • profile image

      Mohammed 4 years ago

      You mentioned 5G in the topic but not actually get that far in the article. Although, I haven't really heard anything about 5G.

    • profile image

      martellawintek 5 years ago

      hi jamie i shouldn't give it out but this is the contact

      and details , just give them a call ,say martellas recommened yous

    • profile image

      anusha 5 years ago

      Its really informative for people with poor general tech knowledge

    • profile image

      charan 5 years ago

      good work dude.........

    • Kevin Peter profile image

      Kevin Peter 5 years ago from Global Citizen

      Refer the title "Companies that make available 4G services in India" for more information on 4g in India

    • profile image

      ragu 5 years ago

      4G is coming soonnnnnnnnnn in india.

    • profile image

      suren 5 years ago

      Am doing an independent study on evolution of 4G from 1G. If any one has details, information ple forward me.

      Sri lanka

    • profile image

      MVS Rao 5 years ago

      It is Good learning about all these 'G' s and how the world is progressing.

    • rajeshcpandey profile image

      RAJESH CHANDRA PANDEY 5 years ago from India

      I think 4G will become available at competitive rates in INDIA only after

      (1)The launch of the service by Reliance since it provides affordable and useful packages, and

      (2)4G service can be used on cell phones. As of now, you can use it only on tablets/ laptops.

      Rajesh Chandra Pandey

    • Kevin Peter profile image

      Kevin Peter 5 years ago from Global Citizen

      More 5g and 6g features will be updated soon....

    • profile image

      balasaheb patil zinjurde 5 years ago

      there is lonchin 5g &6g in other contre like amerika

    • profile image

      RAJESH 5 years ago


    • profile image

      mohan svk 5 years ago

      ofter 5g , i think 6g will com

    • profile image

      mohan kumar india 5 years ago

      hi friends,

      i am very happy with the latest tech information

    • profile image

      santo 5 years ago

      thanks for ur all good info...

    • profile image

      Rakesh ku 5 years ago

      i waiting 4G technology, because i can use latest varsion

    • profile image

      prasanna 5 years ago

      useful information

    • profile image

      anusha 5 years ago

      a very informative one.

      anyone who had gone through this would surely know the basic of the 'g' technologies.thanku

    • profile image

      Manglesh Singh 5 years ago

      i have tata's Walky phone(portable box phone which looks like desktop phone), is this also under cancellation in recent supreme court verdict??

    • profile image

      DERAL ismahane 5 years ago

      i need documentation the 4G LTE please envoyer me in e-mail:

    • profile image

      swathi 5 years ago

      good information thank you so so so so much

    • profile image

      Akhil 5 years ago

      Releasing 4G or 5G is not a problem but Indian Telecom should see that the bandwidth and spectrum are legal as we find no birds at present in just 2G

    • profile image

      sauban arshad 5 years ago

      i m from delhi & i wnt to know that is their any chance tht 3Gdata plans will be available at 2G data plans interms of cost.?pls send me at

    • profile image

      hits & gops 5 years ago

      Thanx man .....2morrow going to give seminar regarding 4G and i will damm sure i'll rock the seminar......

      good info...

    • profile image

      tarun 5 years ago

      where is the analysis of 5g

    • profile image

      shubham 5 years ago

      thnaku !!!!

    • profile image

      sajid 5 years ago

      Its great information and to get connected even more faster than in previus time. Its time line for better information and sharing on fast track.

    • profile image

      DBruce 5 years ago

      With 4g being implemented in most major cities in America, and most companies (here at least) having a deadline of 2014 to get all towers converted to 4g with some being ahead of schedule, other countries behind us (I can't think of another way to say it) can expect starter 4g by 2016 (assuming slow, considering that technology is snowballing, mid 2015 is more likely).

    • profile image

      gowthami 5 years ago

      this will be useful for every user that for using many services in a single chip like ieee,but want to know the invention of 5g technology

    • profile image

      DHANUSH M'lore 5 years ago

      Em frm manglore...

      These generation and al r invented by ericson compay o wat?

      2nd question

      in india wht was hsdpa in 3g is tht 5mbps?

      One more

      who wl intrducing the hacking softwares?

      Mail me

      or contact in facebook

      Dhanush k dhanu

      plz infrm me

    • profile image

      nikhil 5 years ago

      gud i loved all comments but 5g is very far

    • profile image

      kishor vairagade 5 years ago

      not inought information to callect the data about 3G

    • profile image

      chetan mathpal 5 years ago

      realllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllly useful information

    • profile image

      SriD 5 years ago

      good information for beginners.

    • profile image

      maulik 5 years ago

      when 4G will be availlable in India???????

    • profile image

      chaitu 5 years ago

      sir thanks for this information, there is no clear explanation about 5G.

    • profile image

      janani 6 years ago


      i got basic infomations...

    • profile image

      Mohammad Asif Habibi 6 years ago

      Thank you, it was really good information.

      here in Afghansitan also 3G implemented last week, and 4G will implement next year inshallah.

    • profile image

      MOHD AZAM 6 years ago

      yes it's very useful for my interview, reliance will be lance 4g in next year.

    • profile image

      NRIPEN DAS 6 years ago


    • profile image

      sangit kumar 6 years ago

      Your information is good, try to share difference between 4G & 5G.............and you can send mail to my

    • profile image

      suchet 6 years ago

      the information was really helpful.

    • profile image

      aanya 6 years ago

      gr8 information!

    • profile image

      keerthivasan 6 years ago

      Yes it is very useful for my study. I had a confusion for this topic but now i'm clr

    • profile image

      indu 6 years ago

      good work Deepak

    • profile image

      surender 6 years ago

      I thank the team for presenting such a beautiful comparisons between generations of communication.

    • profile image

      Pradeep 6 years ago

      nice information

    • profile image

      Nduwayezu 6 years ago

      hello thanks to these informations about generation in telecommunication but we would like a have a PDF file which will be easy for us to read and also a French version . Thanks

    • profile image

      Deepak 6 years ago

      About 5G: Its just a research topic for labs and scientists, there is a guese that this technology will be around us in about 2020, there is no information about the speed it will provide, but it is said that, 5G will provide something more fascinating than internet speed( Like amazing battery usage , and high speed artificial intelligence computing via internet).

      About 4G: There is no country in the whole world which is provinding 4G, they brag about it, but thats false, they are all providing pre-4G, which gives a peek speed of 256 mbps(provided by LTE), or less than that, according to standards about 4G, it should have a peek speed of 1GBPS for immovable people, and 100 MBPS for cars and trains. No one till now meet these standard defination of data transfer rate. This will come in avtion around 2015.

      About 3G: You all very well know about 3G networks,right now its too much expensive for normal people to use it, but soon enough it will become cheap as companies will start recovering their money, that they put in buying these bandwidth(3G).

      About 2G:

      The best thing for people like me who belong to a middle class family and dont want to spend much, is this bandwidth.

      If you have a 3G handset, then you can enjoy a very good speed(max speed around 200kbps,normal speed of 100kbps,with the help of Internet download manager,ofcourse) via normal GPRS pack. Yes, that is true. Because with this 3G handset you are actually accessing edge(UMTS), not GPRS, Which is like 3G only. Ofcourse you should have a 3G network for that.

      I will suggest some(who stay in india),

      Best is AIRTEL(2 GB in 100 rs)

      then tata docomo(4 Gb in 100 and 8 gb in 150 rs)

      Others are also there,like BSNL and vodafone.

      Beleive me, they are best for normal usage, even if you wana play games like warcraft or wow(LAGG FREE).

      So that was all, hope this will help, I didn't explained 1G, because its not used now a days...:D

    • profile image

      sunil vishwakarma 6 years ago

      this is very good for knowledge purpose....

    • profile image

      share market tips 6 years ago

      I absolutely adore reading your blog posts, the variety of writing is smashing.

      This blog as usual was educational, I have had to bookmark your site and subscribe to your feed in i feed.

      Your theme looks lovely.Thanks for sharing.

      Share Market Tips

    • profile image

      BALARAJU HARI 6 years ago

      very basic and so useful for basic learner. thank you

    • profile image

      lokesh 6 years ago

      i want a high speed wireless internet so, is that possible that i take 3connection & connected to my laptop so that i get a speed of at list 8to9Mbps? pls give me some suggesions

    • profile image

      siddanna.m 6 years ago

      I am expecting 4g will come soon..... :)

    • profile image

      jyoti 6 years ago

      sir, is 2G requires gprs service nd 3G requires edge sevice. and which sevice is used in 4G.

    • profile image

      biplab kumar jena 6 years ago

      plz give clean comparision between 1g,2g,2.5g,3g and 4g biplab,smit,bput

    • profile image

      suganya 6 years ago

      valuable info thanks to every one

    • profile image

      Vishnu 6 years ago

      Sir,i heard digital signal are not propagate to air, is it true?...if 2g digital wireless network are working...plse explain...

    • profile image

      Dan 6 years ago

      Can 4G mobile work on a 2G network??

    • profile image

      Nirmal Barman 6 years ago

      when 4G will be availlable in India???????

    • profile image 6 years ago

      Nice introductory article. I was looking for speed of each of the system, like Mbps or Kbps. You didn't mention.

      But anyway great one with a lot of responses

    • profile image

      Uday 6 years ago

      I'm using 2G SIM card of BSNL in my samsung GT-S5620 but i'm enjoying the facility of 3G service when in 3G video calling , correct GPS data on google map,high internet speed...with 2G plan of less than $ 2.5 per month with upto 3 GB free down load. i live in santiniketan, india.

    • profile image

      Abhishek dave 6 years ago

      very good article.... i got new more information about 5G technology

    • profile image

      Vikram Saini 6 years ago

      nice one dude, i like it. grow up bro.

      I analyze that where we stands.

      I got huge information about the wireless technologies.

      Thanks about the Article.

      Vikram Saini

    • profile image

      Pramod Yadav(P.K. RAO) 6 years ago

      Hello Sandy, Vikram, Pradeep & all my MCA 5th Sem friends, how's my Article, would you like it? I m waiting your response. Write a comment below plzzz.....

    • profile image

      Pramod Yadav(P.K. RAO) 6 years ago

      Hello friends, i want to just share my views on telecommunication services.

      In India 3G has been launched before few months but we are too late. Many of the countries use the 3G technology very earlier i.e. from the starting of 2010. Japan, Canada are one of them & they are going to use of 4G technology but in India the 4G have become developed in around 2015 & 80% of people does't know exactly about 3G, only the 5 to 10% people now use the 3G technology in India. so think how much we are in backward as compare to other countries in telecommunication.

      In 3G technology, there is video chat & calling, fast speed upto 21mbps, Live mobile Gaming, voice clarity etc, many of these facilities are available.

      In 4G technology, it provides all of 3G services more clearly. we get the benefit of listen music & watch movies, play online multiplayer games anywhere. It provides the speed 1GBps at indoor & 100 mbps while traveling acc. to the experts.

      When we are outside our home & someone rings our doorbell then it inform us. Smart antennas are placed everywhere to provide the latest speed. Protocol IPv6 use for this technology. Japan & some other countries may use the 4G technology around 2014. For launching of this technology in India the investment should be around 400 crores.

      Now the 5G Technology is under development, acc. to Experts it provide more speed as compare to 4G. Acc. to them, if someone is cooking & you are not there & he/she wants tosmell it, he/she wii be able to that.

      Other feature is that you can speak without emitting any voice. This could be used in case you are in Library or in Exam Hall & tou can not speak out loudly. You will be able to communicate just by moving your mouth.

      Please note that all these features are et initial stage of reasearch & is not viable long time to come.

      If any of the person likes this topic & he/she get the usual knowledge/Information about the topic or if you find any kind of mistake then give me feedback.


      Pramod Yadav

      Student- MCA final Year

      MAIMT, Jagadhri(YNR)

      Contact- 9728590366

    • profile image

      chandini 6 years ago

      can u give more information abt more than 5g service....will it be usefull......if those services are launched in india

    • profile image

      Ajith 6 years ago

      endless innovation in electronics field.

    • profile image

      mohamed rabeek 6 years ago

      sy to understant.i am very intersting for this mobile communication.

    • profile image

      Meena Rengarajan 6 years ago

      At present 4G services are used... And 5G so on... Can i know till how many generations for telecom services might be invented......

    • profile image

      Udp 6 years ago

      I like this you given details in network

    • profile image

      pathuvarayini 6 years ago

      sir tis article is very useful to know about mobile communication

    • profile image

      A.Deepak Prakash 6 years ago

      gud evening , 12g is present or not in world?reply Quick.

    • profile image

      sowmi 6 years ago

      useful for common people..

    • profile image

      hemanth 6 years ago

      information is beneficial for common people

    • profile image

      AK Kumar 6 years ago

      good information but not deeply.Like what is secptrum,band etc.....

    • profile image

      v k Daisy 6 years ago

      it is very helpful. thanks

    • greencap profile image

      greencap 6 years ago from Pakistan

      Nice information.

      As of now, all the focus is on 3G and 4G (with LTE being the key driver), while the device manufacturers turn to netbooks, android tablets and Iphones.

    • profile image

      R.Sravanthi 6 years ago

      Its really helpful and useful

    • profile image

      Srikanth.U 6 years ago

      I am shoked when i read this things...I was very nice and hope this is very useful for all people who are interested to know the new things ....

    • profile image

      Pankaj Sharma 6 years ago

      I can say the article is like treasure of informations regarding "G" service. I want to pay thanx to hub and team for their tremondus job.

    • profile image

      anand.L 6 years ago

      Hi guys now we are also testing for 4th generation in India

      and our some operators get 5th generation licences also

      and we are go to step up to the world communication......

    • profile image

      praveen baranwal 6 years ago

      itis very interesting and knowledgefull topic to give me knowledge about generation of mobile network

    • profile image

      regal walter 6 years ago

      where are your references

    • profile image

      rohit ranjan 6 years ago

      very nice article. It help me very much to understand the 1g 2g 3g 4g. Thanks a lot...

    • profile image

      rabeeh vengara 6 years ago

      we r agerly waiting for 3G mass performance

    • profile image

      priyanka 6 years ago

      thanks for the information.....

    • yhzseoer01 profile image

      yhzseoer01 6 years ago from USA

      Expect 5G times faster .

    • profile image

      babar 6 years ago

      Kevin good write up. But I didn't understand non availibility of spectrum. What is spectrum?


    • profile image

      Durgesh 6 years ago

      Still waiting for 3g in rural areas.

      How to imagine abt further generations in india.

      It will take too much time

    • Kevin Peter profile image

      Kevin Peter 6 years ago from Global Citizen

      thanks for sharing your comments ... It will support my writings

    • profile image

      mamuni 6 years ago

      thnks,this articles is realy helping a lots those who r not awares about 1G,2G,3G,4G.

    • profile image

      bhawana  6 years ago

      it ws actually an informative article 4 beginers thanx kelvin

    • RichPt profile image

      RichPt 6 years ago

      Hi Kevin, great hub, looking forward to seeing what 5G could bring, it's hard to imagine. Your hub has definitely got me thinking though and might inspire me to try write a hub of my own with some speculations of my own about 5G if I can come up with any interesting thoeries!

    • cool_binu profile image

      cool_binu 6 years ago from Saudi Arabia

      like it..nice article brother..!

    • profile image

      jitender kumar 6 years ago

      its easy to learn about the different 1G,2G,3G,4G services