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5 Little Facts About Nukes

Updated on September 27, 2017

Who Created Nukes?

Like many other inventions, the atom bomb was not created by only one man, but several people that discovered and developed certain aspects of the deadly weapon. In fact, before the first atomic bombs used to attack Hiroshima and Nagasaki, many scientists around the world were working on the nuclear projects. Many people believe that Albert Einstein is the inventor of the bomb, this is actually not true, his involvement in the development of the bomb was to sign a letter persuading the United States government to develop this weapon of mass destruction. Oppenheimer is often called the “father of the atomic bomb” and was the leader of the scientific team in the Manhattan project, but again he was not the sole inventor of the bomb.

Trinity, The World’s First Nuclear Test

The first-ever nuclear bomb was detonated on 16 July 1945 in New Mexico, at the Alamogordo Test Range. It was conducted by the army of the United States as part of the Manhattan Project. Nicknamed the “gadget”, the test was of an implosion-design plutonium device. Three weeks after the test, nuclear bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki (one of the bomb was based on the Trinity design), killing tens of thousands people and many more from radiation exposure.

The Biggest & Most Powerful Thermo Nuclear Bomb

The Tsar Bomba, or the RDS-220 hydrogen bomb, is listed as the most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated. The bomb had a yield of 50 megaton TNT and was exploded on 30 Oct 1961 by the Soviet Union over Novaya Zemlya Island in the Russian Arctiv Sea. A Tu-95 bomber dropped this bomb and exploded 4 km above the ground. This biggest man-made explosion was 3,000 times as strong as Hiroshima bomb and according to Slate, it broke windows 560 miles away. Not only that, its flash of light was also visible up to 620 miles away.

Who Has The Most Nuclear Weapons?

Out of 196 countries, only nine possess nuclear weapons. According to SIPRI databases, Russia has the most nuclear weapons in the world (7,000), followed by the Unites States (6,800) and France (300) whereas North Korea has the fewest with just around 10-20/60 nuclear arms. United States and Russia two of them still maintain the largest stockpiles of the deadly weapons, holding around 93% of the estimated 15,000 nuclear warheads in the world. Well, if 15,000 is too much for you, this number becomes quite small compared to 70,300 nuclear weapons that the world had in the past.

How Many Nukes Can Destroy The World

According to some reports, 100 nuclear detonations can be enough to produce 5 teragrams of black soot that would rise up to our earth’s stratosphere and block sunlight. Global temperatures would then dropped because of that, and this could last longer than 20 years thus destroying much of our earth’s protective ozone layer. Not only that, as much as 80% increase in UV radiation will also happen on the surface of the earth and destroy both sea and land-based ecosystems, potentially leading to global nuclear famine.

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