ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

5 advantages of XHTML over HTML

Updated on July 21, 2009

5 advantages of XHTML over HTML

Prior to the release of XML, html was the most successful mark-up language in the world. When XML was introduced web professionals debated whether a new version of html in xml was needed. The professionals unanimously agreed that another language was needed. Thus in 2000 Xhtml was introduced. With an XML based HTML other XML languages could include bits of XHTML and XHTML documents could include other markup languages.XHTML could thus be used to improve on the weaknesses and functionality of html.Though XHTML has some problems being viewed on the internet explorer it is still of great use and is very powerful.

If your document is in pure XHTML 1.0 you will not notice much difference .As the number of XML tools begins increasing however you will notice the differences. For instance XForms allow you to edit XHTML documents in simple collaborative ways. Dynamic web applications will start taking advantages of such provisions.

Advantages

1. Sustainability.

As web applications get increasingly sophisticated and move towards XML the use of XHTML will be more widespread.

2. Wide range of applications.


Due to the large number of applications that XHTML can support it can be used to create more complex websites. For instance MathML(Math Markup language) SVG(Scalable Vector Graphics)or users own mark up variants can all be supported in XHTML.However browsers that support such applications are few.

3. Compatibility.

The XHTML documents are written in compliance with the rules of XML,XML processing programmes can therefore convert an XHTML document into PDF,RSS or RFT.This enables you to work with a wide range of file formats.

4. Efficient processing applications.

Though the number of browsers that can support XHTML are few and far between the few that are available are quicker thanks to shorter error processing routines. At the moment a greater amount of processing time is spent by browsers on liberal error processing of documents containing malformed HTML markup. This will there reduce the loading time of your pages and downloads will be quicker.

5. Closing tags

Unlike HTML, all XHTML have closing tags. This is great for beginners and even helps seasoned web design professionals keep up with their work.XHTML makes your source clean and readable which can enhance your appeal as a web design professional. The website appears more professional and this is likely to increase the number of customers. In a nutshell XHTML shows professionalism as opposed to html which is more suited to personal websites.

Though the use of XHTML is still low the rise of technology blogs and browser sophistication have increased their usage. If you want to convert your HTML document into XHTML don’t worry you can use HTML Tidy software. It gives you the option of transforming your html document into XHTML.Amaya is a browser that will save HTML documents as XHTML.Browsers that can accept XHTML documents are Mozilla, Netscape 5 and higher, Galleon, Opera, Google chrome, Amaya, Camino, Chimera, Doc Zilla, icab, Safari and all browsers in mobile phones that accept WAP2.So as the complexity of websites continues to increase so will be the use of XHTML.

Disadvantages.

Limited practical use.


At the present moment very few browsers support XHTML documents.However with the continuous upgrades that the browsers are undergoing this problem is likely to be alleviated.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • jonkarna profile image

      jonkarna 

      8 years ago

      I love xhtml. It makes more sense.

    • profile image

      Dain 

      8 years ago

      Have to LOVE HTML5

    • profile image

      jethro larson 

      8 years ago

      XHTML 2 has been canceled. Using HTML5 with XML syntax is the way to go. http://html5doctor.com

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)