A Focus on Bio Manufacturing
Biomanufacturing is a biological term used to refer to the isolation, production, and purification of chemical products manufactured using living organisms. It involves the use of living cells to make products such as diagnostics, vaccines, medicines, amino acids, enzymes, veterinary medicines, and similar products. The process in biomanufacturing of such products is complex, requiring many hours of operation and expertise that working under tight regulations.
It needs well-experienced personnel to operate the complex machines and be able to adhere to the stipulated rules and regulations (Tindall, 2004). The use of living cells in the manufacture of chemicals enables the effectiveness and adversity of enzymes to be exploited. It facilitates the production of chemicals with unique and important features such as, sources of energy, polymers, food products, chemicals as well as biodegradation materials.
Presently, biomanufacturing has emerged as a significant and lucrative industry in the market sphere of biotechnology. In addition, this sector has shown the potential of being one of the defining technologies in the coming years (Shiefield, University, 2013). Biomanufacturing is nonetheless, not a completely new concept. Since time immemorial, human beings have been using biological species in the making of such products as bread, cheese, wine, and so on. These products are a result of processes that employ microorganisms.
It is from this concept that researchers opted to look for ways in manipulating microorganisms to establish desirable pharmaceutical and other chemical products that were unique in comparison to those manufactured without the use of these organisms. The technique has been developing from its earlier forms to become a complex procedure in current times.
BIOMANUFACTURING has also come to encompass other disciples such as bio-energy, biodetection, bioengineering and bio-computation (Murphy, and Perella, 2008).