An Overview of the ASME B30 Standards
The ASME B30 standards apply to cargo cranes, construction cranes and similar equipment. While the first version ASME B30 safety standard came out in 1943, the standards have continued to expand and evolve along with technology.
What are the subsections of this ASME standard, and what do each of the ASME B30 standards cover?
The ASME B30 Standards
ASME B30, the ASME standard for industrial lifts, cranes and related hardware, has many subsections.
ASME B30.1 applies to jacks, air casters, hydraulic gantries and industrial rollers. This is the first B30 safety standard, and it came out in 1943. It has been periodically updated, including in 2009 and 2015.
ASME B30.2 applies to overhead gantry cranes like top running bridge cranes, single or multiple girder cranes and top running trolley hoists. This standard was first released in 1943. It has had periodic updates like 2005 and 2011.
ASME B30.3 covers tower cranes. This ASME B30 standard came out in 1975. A revision came out in 2016.
ASME B30.4 applies to portal and pedestal cranes. It was released in 1973. A revision came out in 2015.
ASME standard B30.7 covers winches like drum hoists. This standard dates to 1971.
ASME B30.8 applies to floating cranes and floating cranes. These cranes are usually used when offshore structures like floating oil platforms are being built. It was initially released in 1971.
ASME B30.9 covers slings for load handling purposes. It was released in 1971. Revisions include 2006, 2010 and 2014.
ASME standard B30.10 covers loaded hooks on cranes and hoists. It was first released in 1975. It was updated in 2009.
ASME B30.11 addresses underhung cranes and monorails. It first dates to 1973. It was updated in 2010.
ASME B30.12 covers the safety procedures when handling loads suspended from rotorcraft. It came out in 1975. It was updated in 2011.
ASME B30.13 covers storage retrieval machines or S/R machines, as well as the associated equipment. This standard came out in 1977. Updated versions were released in 2011 and 2017.
ASME B30.14 covers side boom tractors. This ASME standard was released in 1979. It was updated in 2004 and revised in 2010.
ASME B30.15 addressed mobile hydraulic cranes. It came out in 1973 and was withdrawn in 1982. Most similar equipment now falls under standard ASME B30.9.
ASME B30.16 covers underhung overhead hoists. Underhung cranes in general fall under ASME B30.11.
The original edition of ASME B30.16 came out in 1973. Several revisions of this standard have come out, including versions in 2003, 2007 and 2012.
ASME B30.17 applies to overhead and gantry cranes. It applies to underhung hoist, single girder and top running bridge configurations. The original version of ASME B30.17 dates to 1980. The last version came out in 2015.
ASME B30.18 applies to stacker cranes, whether they are to or under running bridge stacker cranes. It can also apply to multiple girder stacker cranes, whether or not they have top or underrunning trolley hoists. The first version of this standard was released in 1987.
ASME B30.19 applies to cableways, which move material between terminal towers. It came out in 1986.
ASME B30.20 is the ASME standard for below the hook lifting devices, often used to connect the crane to the load being lifted. Its original version came out in 1985. A revision to this standard came out in 2007. ASME BTH-1 outlines the design criteria for below the hook lifting devices.
ASME B30.21 applies to lever hoists, in contrast to chain hoists. It came out in 1989.
ASME B30.22 covers articulating boom cranes, also called knuckle boom cranes. This standard was released in 1987.
ASME B30.23 covers personnel lifting systems, platforms used for lifting people using a crane. This standard was first released in 1998.
ASME B30.24 addresses container cranes. These cranes are used at container terminals which unload and load cargo on container ships. This ASME standard came out in 2008.
ASME B30.25 covers scrap and material handlers like hydraulic material handlers and mobile shears. It was released in 1998.
ASME B30.26 covers rigging hardware like eye bolts, turnbuckles, wire rope clips and similar items. This standard first came out in 2004.
ASME B30.27 applies to material placement systems, also called concrete pumping machines. It was initially released in 2005 and updated in 2019. Conveyors built into these systems fall under ASME B20.1.
ASME B30.28 covers balance lifting units or balancers, distinguished from other cranes by their ability to “float” the load. It was released in 2010 and updated in 2015.
ASME B30.29 is the ASME standard for self erecting tower cranes. Self erecting tower cranes are often used on smaller construction sites that need frequent moving of the crane and relocation of the crane between sites. It came out in 2013.