ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Types of Armature Winding: AC and DC Armature Winding and Types of Winding and Comparasion

Updated on May 11, 2013

Introdcution to Armature Winding

Basically the first question is what is armature winding? Armature winding is an one type of arrangement of conductors to produce emf by relative motion in hetropolar magnetic field.

The armature is provided with slots on its circumference in which the conductors are housed. These conductors are connected by two methods according to our requirement:

  1. Connected in series for increasing voltage ratings.
  2. connected in parallel for increasing current ratings.


Comparision between closed and open winding

Closed Winding
Open Winding
Closed path around the armature periphery
open at one or more points forming several sections
winding are double layer type
can be single or double layer type
used in D.C. machines
used in A.C. Machine
not flexible design
flexible design
Comparison between open windings and closed windings
types of armature winding- dc armature winding- lap and wave
types of armature winding- dc armature winding- lap and wave | Source

Types of D.C. Armature Winding

D.C. winding are classified by two ways according to how conductors are connected:

  1. lap Winding ("series winding")
  2. wave winding ("multiple winding" or "parallel winding")

In lap winding number of parallel paths are high. and here Number of parallel path (A) = Number of poles (P). Because of this reason this winding is also called as "multiple winding" or "parallel winding".

In wave winding number of parallel paths is two (A=2). that's why it is also called as "series winding".

Lap winding is suitable when requirement is : large d.c. currents and low voltage.

wave winding is suitable when requirement is: low d.c. current and high voltage.

  • Advantage of using wave winding:
  1. For given number of poles and armature conductors, it gives EMF more than lap winding.
  2. equalizer connections are not necessary (whereas in lap winding they are used.)

In case of wave winding, Dummy coil is used to provide mechanical balance to the armature winding.

Introduction to AC armature winding

In ac machines, the stator has ac armature winding in which the alternating emf is induced. The winding for armature of a dc machines is closed and the closed windings are always double layer type. The armature used for armature of ac machines is open.

open layer can be either single layer or double layer. The stator winding consists of single turn or multi turn coils, arranged in slots and connected properly so as to obtain the required phase grouping. The AC winding must be properly arranged, so that the emf induced in all the phases are of equal magnitude and frequency. The emfs of all the m phases of ac machine must have identical wave-shape and displaced in time phase by (2 * pie/m).

Why it is called open coil winding?

In ac machines the wave shape of the generated emf depends upon the flux distribution in the air-gap of a machine. In ac winding the ends of the first coil and last coil or the beginning of the first coil and the ending coil of the last coil is kept open, so this is know as open coil winding.


Types of AC armature winding

There are basic two types of AC armature winding:

  1. Single layer winding
  2. Double layer winding

This are further classified as below:

1. Single layer winding:

  • Concentric windings:

1. Hermitropic winding or half coil winding

2. Whole coil winding

  • Mush winding

2. Double layer winding:

  • Lap winding:

1. integral slot winding

2. Fractional slot winding

  • Wave Winding:

1. integral slot winding

2. Fractional slot winding

This was all about Armature AC and DC winding. I have also written classification of each winding. and also compared closed and open winding. I hope this article is useful to readers who are electrical engineer particularly.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Thomas Alula 

      16 months ago

      Nice I like it

    • profile image

      2 years ago

      I hope their is more pictures for us to understand more the types of coils (Open and Closed, wave, etc)

    • profile image

      binal modi 

      3 years ago

      give me detail design of fractional slot winding

    • profile image

      idris sk 

      3 years ago

      In future i make in ohms law modifide defrently and transfamer .changes in electritronic and electrical.i hope that

      Idris sk.

    • profile image

      Braja Sahoo 

      3 years ago

      I like it too

    • profile image

      Rohini kokane 

      3 years ago

      nice....i like it

    • profile image

      dhiraj chaudhary 

      4 years ago

      Single layer winding is used for closed slots whole two layer winding is used in open slote. Half top of the slots and half bottom of the slotd

    • profile image

      Man singh 

      4 years ago

      best for interview answere

    • profile image

      Attharuddin 

      4 years ago

      its very useful and good

    • profile image

      balu 

      4 years ago

      Good

    • Forthefuture profile imageAUTHOR

      Forthefuture 

      5 years ago from India

      Thank you rafiya islam for your comment.

    • profile image

      Rafiya Islam 

      5 years ago

      dat was good.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)