ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

History And Development Of The Browning Machine Gun

Updated on January 19, 2017
John Browning with a BAR
John Browning with a BAR
Water cooled M1917
Water cooled M1917
M1919 .30 caliber
M1919 .30 caliber

Browning Machine Guns

Browning machine guns were invented by John Browning. John Browning was born in Utah in 1855 and his father was a gunsmith. At an early age, John Browning began to design and build weapons. Throughout his life he acquired 128 patents for various firearms. John Browning is considered the major inventor and innovator of semi-automatic and automatic weapons.

John Browning designed or developed operating mechanisms, such as, the lever action, slide action, recoil and gas operated auto-loading mechanisms. The basic operations of an auto-loading weapon is to use the "recoil" (backwards force) or the gases of fired ammunition to operate mechanisms that reload new cartridges. Here are a select few of some of Browning's machine guns and the development of those machine guns, used in World War I, World War II and later.


The Browning M1917 is a water cooled machine gun, with recoil action, which used "fabric belt" fed .30-06 cartridges. It saw action, that began late in World War 1 and lasted up until the Korean War. Categorized as a "heavy machine gun" it could fire 450 to 600 rounds per minute based on the model.

M1918 BAR

The Browning Automatic Rifle ( BAR) was categorized as a "light machine gun" that was used by individual soldiers. It was gas operated and used the .30-06 cartridge. It had an effective range of up to 1,500 yards. They used a 20 round magazine and could fire up to 300 to 650 rounds per minute depending on the particular model.


The Browning M1919 was categorized as a "medium" machine gun that fired a .30-06 cartdrige. It was a recoil operated, belt fed, air cooled machine gun. It was capable of firing 400 t0 600 rounds per minute. The M1919 was mounted on various military equipment. It was used for aircraft, infantry use and as an anti-aircraft weapon. It had a range of 1,500 yards.

M2 .50 Caliber

The Browning M2 .50 machine gun was very similar to the M1919 in design, function and use except for the larger cartridge being .50 caliber instead of .30. It was designated as a "heavy machine gun" and could fire from 485 to 1200 rounds per minute. It utilized a short recoil operating mechanism and had a belt fed, feed system. It has been used since World War II and up until the present time. It's sometimes called "Ma Deuce or a fifty cal". The M2 has an effective range of over 2,100 yards and a maximum range of 7,400 yards.



    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)