ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Coding School Lesson 1: What is the World Wide Web?

Updated on December 9, 2016

Coding School Lesson 1 Objectives

Welcome to Lesson #1 of Coding School! Because the type of computer coding we will attempt to learn is web based, I thought it would be a good idea to start off with a firm foundation of what the web is.

Your objectives for this week are as follows:

  1. Know the difference between the World Wide Web and the Internet (No, they are not the same)
  2. Gain a working knowledge of how the Internet and the World Wide Web are connected
  3. Gain a basic understanding of how the Internet works

Ready? Let's do this, ya'll!

The World Wide Web vs The Internet

Although most people use the terms "the web" and "the Internet" interchangeably, they are actually two very different things.

The Internet came before the World Wide Web, or the web for short, and since the emergence of the web, our lives have never been the same.

If we are to become competent coders, we need to make certain we have a full understanding of the technology that makes websites, web apps and mobile apps come to life.

What is the Internet?
What is the Internet?

What is the Internet?

The Internet is a system of interconnected computer networks that all make use of the same rules. These rules are officially known as protocols, and these protocols spell out how computers talk to one another on the network.

The basis for the Internet was developed the United States Government in the 1960s. The government got together with a few private companies to develop a method to communicate huge amounts of data via computers. At the time, it was known as ARPANET.

ARPANET is the network that became the technical basis for the modern Internet. It was developed under the directon of the U.S. Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). President Dwight D. Eisenhower created ARPA for the purpose of expanding technology and science.

Today's Internet is a global collection of physical cables which can include copper telephone wires, TV cables, and fiber optic cables. Even wireless connections like Wi-Fi and 3G/4G rely on these physical cables to access the Internet.

In the begining, the Internet was mostly used by the government and universities to exchange news, email, and files or to log into computers from remote locations.

The Internet is basically the mother-ship of all networks, it includes all public and private computer networks, including our personal home networks and the internal networks we use at work.

The Internet network is what allows our communication services to work, and we all use it, probably every day. FTP is a protocol that allows us to move files, instant messaging allows us to Facebook chat our friends, most postal mail has been replaced with electronic mail (email), we use VoIP to talk on the phone, and we backup all of our data to the cloud.

How the Internet Works

What is the World Wide Web?
What is the World Wide Web?

What is the World Wide Web?

The World Wide Web (the web) is a vast collection of websites you can access through the Internet. The web is what most people falsely believe to be the Internet.

The World Wide Web is nothing more than an information sharing application that runs on top of the Internet. In truth, the web is only one of many applications created to run over the Internet.

Once you connect to the Internet via some type of Internet Service Provider (ISP), you can access and view websites using a type of software application called a web browser.

Common web browsers include Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Apple Safari. Internet Explorer or IE is another popular web browser, but true friends don't let friends use IE (it's commonly known by tech savvy people the world over, that IE is terrible, but, I digress...).

Anyhow, web browsers display websites that are stored on the Internet, and this ginormous collection of webpages make up the World Wide Web.

The Web as I envisaged it, we have not seen it yet. The future is still so much bigger than the past

— Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web

Interlinking The World Wide Web to Coding

You learned above the World Wide Web is a collection of different websites you can access through the Internet.

A website is made up of related text, images, videos and other resources. The purpose of a website can be almost anything: a news platform, an advertisement, an online library, a forum for sharing images, or an informational like the one you're on now.

These webpages are created using computer code, and at the very heart of all web pages and websites, is HTML.

Did you already know the web is different from the Internet?

See results

Lesson Wrap Up

In this lesson, you learned there is a difference between the Internet and the World Wide Web, you learned the history of the Internet, and you learned some basic technical specifics of how the Internet works.

Congratulations! You are already leaps and bounds ahead of the average person.

The objective of this coding school project is to teach ourselves to code, so we can create websites, web applications (apps) or mobile apps that will be displayed on the World Wide Web.

Having rudimentary technical understanding of how the World Wide Web and the Internet works will come in handy later on when you learn how to get your creations online for the whole world to see.

Homework, and Next Week's Lesson:

  1. Complete the Quiz Below
  2. Watch the Video Below
  3. Create an Account Right Here on Hubpages
  4. Sign Into Your Newly Created Hubpages Account, and Comment Below with Your Thoughts About the Video

In the next lesson, we will jump right into HTML, so be prepared!

Lesson 1 Quiz

view quiz statistics

The Future of the Internet


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • Rachelle Williams profile imageAUTHOR

      Rachelle Williams 

      2 years ago from Tempe, AZ

      Thank you so much, Mary. I'm enrolled in an online coding bootcamp at Treehouse. I'm learning so much, and it's great! I wish you the very best of luck!

    • aesta1 profile image

      Mary Norton 

      2 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      You're a great teacher. Enjoyed this.

    • Rachelle Williams profile imageAUTHOR

      Rachelle Williams 

      3 years ago from Tempe, AZ

      Good Job! I'll bet your 100% score also had something to do with your intellect..... :)

    • vocalcoach profile image

      Audrey Hunt 

      3 years ago from Idyllwild Ca.

      Wow - I scored 100%! Of course this means that you are an excellent teacher. Thanks for this lesson. I must admit I knew none of this. Can't wait for lesson #2.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)