- Computers & Software
Digital Merge Convergence
Digital Merge Convergence
Volume 2, Issue 13A, June 25, 2013
The concept of a computer was introduced by a Charles Babbage who designed the concept of a programmable computer. However, the first inventor of a workable computer that programmed arithmetic and logistics was invented by a gentleman by the name of Konrad Zuse in 1941. The first personal or home computer was made by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak who founded the Apple computer company, they designed and built a prototype in their garage in Silicon Valley, California in the 1970’s. The first laptop computer was conceived and produced by Adam Osborne in 1981.
The concept of the first computer’s design and numeric data was conceived in the 1930’s by Konrad Zuse his designs and creation led to the inventions that we use today (laptops and desktops). The first logical operations that the first workable computer carried out was a numeric set of numbers (0101010101) that symbolized a representation of values to the program or software, as we call it today. The symbols or representations are vast in different programs or software systems that businesses and personal computers use; all in symbolized sets of numbers (01010101). There is software for different issues or programming situations for every business and personal computer.
The President, Barack Obama called for an unprecedented reduction in paper waste and innovative change from paper to electronic checks and reporting in or about 2011 in conjunction with the EPA plans and omnibus rules to reduce pollution and waste. The government cited that paper and paper waste was too costly and outdated for the 21st century (http://www.slideshare.net/whitehouse/environmental-protectionagencyregulatoryreformplanaugust2011). These rules and regulations in turn save an astounding $126 million annually for the government taxpayers. Imagine how much a business from small to large could and would save in economic costs and could re-inject those savings back into the economy for new jobs or new infrastructure in the community.
The amount of paper we use per day is 1.5 pounds per person per day according to a study by the City of Los Angeles. The City of Los Angeles also introduced a CalRecycle campaign (http://www.calrecycle.ca.gov/ReduceWaste/Business/factsheets/campaign.htm) that can help businesses and households identify areas of paper waste and give an idea of how a plan could be implemented to set goals on paper waste reduction. For example, it identifies white paper, envelopes, newspapers, cardboard, or boxboard as paper waste that could be recycled and save the entity money. These items could be recycled and reused.
Some of the reductions of paper waste could start in the home and if the household has a computer the burden of reducing paper waste becomes even easier by reducing the paper communications or letters you write and converting it and using electronic mailings or social network chat rooms. Newspapers and magazines are also available online and they also could be a change to your current circumstances and individual contribution into recycling and carrying out a paper waste reduction program. It could save your household expenses in postage, paper products, newspapers, and magazine article costs. Another way to contribute to recycling is using cloth bags instead of paper or plastic bags when you go and get groceries.
The amount of trees that are cut down 17 trees per production of one ton of paper or 80 gsm of A4 sheets weighing 10 grams. Essentially, it takes 0.00017 trees to make a sheet of paper. Nearly 4 billion trees or 35% of the total trees around the world are cut down and used for paper according to the Ecology Global Network (9/2011). That is a mindboggling number of trees that are impacting the environment, the air we breathe, and essentially the food we eat and drink. Trees provide oxygen to the planet and maintain our health and that of the animals we share this planet with. Trees also take in carbon dioxide (about 48% per tree) and as it convert it and releases oxygen into the atmosphere. It takes 22 trees to produce enough oxygen for one person to breathe (260 pounds of oxygen), so you can imagine how much of depletion the world has of Oxygen which is our life source. The changes we make today will affect change in the future and the future of our children in sustaining a clean environment and no deforestation. These changes will also improve our carbon footprint that we leave as a legacy to our children.
Some businesses have already started their own programs to reduce paper waste like the grocery industry in reducing paper waste from changing the use of paper bags to plastic bags and continuing to change use to cloth bags for bagging groceries.