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Electronics: Audio Gadgets & Equipment

Updated on August 4, 2016

Choosing the Best Microphone as per your Requirement

If you know your requirements, you must identify the types of microphones that are available to fulfill your needs. As the world has advanced incredibly in the field of technology, there have been countless inventions in electronics that has left us with the different microphones created with little differences to suit the needed requirement.

There are various types of microphones available in the marketplace and we will differentiate between the types to specify their applications.

If you are looking specifically for microphones for the volume input they provide, look for the transducer type in its specifications.

Dynamic vs. Condenser Microphones

Because of the presence of coil and magnet that work as electric generators, Dynamic Microphones do not require an external power source or any battery to work while the condenser microphones need an electric current to function due to its reliability on a capacitor to convert energy. Dynamic Microphone is rugged and sturdy that makes them apt for general-purpose applications while Condenser Microphone is sensitive and responsive to use which makes them inept for high-volume output or studio purposes.

If you want the output in a particular direction, you might want to know types of microphones that exist in specific to directivity.

Unidirectional vs. Omnidirectional Microphones

The unidirectional microphones broadcast or receive signals from a single direction and are best to use for vocal output including interviewing or hosting on stage etc. On the other hand, the omnidirectional microphones broadcast or receive a signal from all directions and are ideal for picking sound effects from all the directions.

Bidirectional Microphones

Bi-directional microphones pick up sound effectively from the front and back but often have low sensitivity for sides.

Despite having different specifications, there are microphones designed as per the applications and requirements of users.

Wired vs. Wireless Microphone

While a wired microphone needs to be connected to the amplifying equipment through a cable, the wireless microphone does it from a distance due to the inbuilt transmitter that sends audio signals to receivers that provide further input to the speaker.

Phantom Microphones vs. Recording Microphones

Phantom Microphones are those recording microphones installed to cover large spaces due to their high-sensitivity while recording microphones are often installed at studios to work and record at a specified frequency.

Thus, the types of Microphones vary as per their specifications as well as applications. It is important to know your requirements before opting for the right choice.

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