ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Explain Google Data Centers with Pictures

Updated on April 23, 2011

google data center in Belgium

Preface

Google data centers always attracts most people’s attention as it is the largest search engine in the world and data means most to Google. How many data centers of google are there in the world? How are they distributed? I collected some information about this for your interest.

The distribution map of the data centers

Why Google responds so fast? That’s mainly because their date centers are distributed around the world. Counting the ones under construction, there are totally 36 data centers in the world. 19 in the US, 12 in Europe, 1 in Russia, 1 in south America and 3 in Asia. But google doesn't occupy the centers soly, also rents to the outside parties.

google data centers around the world

google data centers in Europe

google data centers in Europe
google data centers in Europe

Google data center map in North America

Google data center map in North America
Google data center map in North America

The servers in data centers

Most of the servers provided directly by Dell, Hp, IBM and SUN. It costs a lot of money to buy servers, if Google bought from other companies, it wouldn’t have the glory as it is today. Now goolge manufactures its own servers, which is 3.5 inches thick, having 2 CPUs, 2 hard drives and 8 memory card slots and GIGABYTE motherboard. Goolge uses AMD and Intel’s x86 processor. In the same size of space, google’s server accomodates more CPUs than ones other factories manufacured.Datacenter uses container as its unit and there are 1160 servers in one container. There are many containers in each datacenter.

google server

google server
google server

The core technology of data centers

Google always loves open source softwares and supports the technology. (facebook, as a rival to google value open source softwares too.)  Google utilizes unix operating system and the engineers optimizes the system using parallel computing. Goolge develops own core softwares with C++ and Java.

Google’s three core elements

1.    Goolge folder system GFS is in charge of storing data.
2.    Google big table: it is distributed storage system for managing very large structured data. Google’s data system is so large that IBM and oracle’s business database is in no way helpful. Besides, business database charges based on the numbers of CPUs, so it would be a massive number if Google utilizes such kind of database.
3.    Mapreduce computation: it is a C++ programming tool developed by Google, applicable to data which is large enough as 1 TB to do large processing. Mapreduce can calculate the times of one word appear in search engine results pages, and a particular word appears in a particular webpage.
Although many open sources project contributes to the success of Google, it always keeps the three core elements as its secret.

The patents of the data center

1.    built in battery in server: every server has one 12 volt battery, it ensure continual electricity if it was interrupted. Its ultimate aim is to save the cost.
2.    movable datacenter containers: it was patented in october, 2008.

The cost of data center

According to Google’s financial report, the cost of data center in 2006 was 1.9 billion dollars, 2.4 dollars in 2007, 2.36 billion dollars in 2008, 8.9 millions in 2009 and 7.15 hundred millions in the first half of 2010.

Google quarterly Capex

google quarterly capex
google quarterly capex

The criteria for choosing datacenter venu

1.    cheap large power resource
2.    green energy, prefers renewable nenergy resource
3.    near to river or lake (need water to cool down the heat)
4.    vast ground (for security and secrecy)
5.    the distance between other datacenters (quick connection between databases)
6.    preferrential tax policy

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      R.R. 

      6 years ago

      This is a lot of great information! Thanks for the article!

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)