History of the Internet and popularity of the Internet.
What is The Internet:
The Internet is the GSI (Global System of Interconnected) network of computers, which is connected with different types of computers whole over the world. In the word, “INTERNET" was coming from “Inter-Networking," a mechanism of the Internet to transfer data from a computer to the other computers. The Internet means an Interconnection of Networks, which are communication protocols for communications between two computers over the network. The Internet is a huge capability of stored data such as music, video, software and any types of documents. The Internet is an electronic web which is connected to people each other's that have access to networks allows them to send and receive E-mails and participate in a number of other activities. In the present situation 80% of people access, the Internet and lots of people busy to finding music, video and software and huge people visiting the social networking site like Facebook, Twitter, MySpace, linked In, etc. Today the Internet is called by “NET” then the word “net” is most popular of every human life.
History Of The Internet
The Internet is one of the most successful technologies in the world. Now the Internet enormously used development information infrastructure and commitment to research. In 1966, develop the computer network idea a plan for the ARPANET and quickly put together and publish it 1967. The ARPANET system comes from Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA) of the U.S. Department of defense. ARPANET was the first WAN which is only four sites in 1969. The Internet evolved from the basic ideas of the ARPANET for interconnecting computers. At first, research organizations and used it to share and exchange information. In 1989, the U.S. Government lifted controls on the use of the Internet, and allowed its use for commercial purposes as well. Since then, the Internet has grown rapidly to become the world’s largest network. It now interconnects more than 50,000 networks, allowing more than 15 million computers, more than 100 million computer users and more than 155 countries around the world easily communicate with each other. The Internet network continues to grow at the rapid pace.
Advantage of the INTERNET
- Reach potential customers with a quick and inexpensive manner.
- To sell products and services online.
- Leverage advertising and promotion expenses.
- Reduce customer service costs.
- Improve public relations.
- Streamline information distribution to employees.
- Test market new services and products, conduct market research.
- Tip specialized markets internationally.
- Making business information available.
- Selling products and services.
- Business rounds of the clock.
- Quick information updates.
- Enhancing customer services.
- Research activities can be carried out.
- Education: The internet is more popular for education purpose such as, online class, online registration, online result etc.
- Banking: Today internet communication is the best for banking purpose such as Money transfer, withdraw, Online Banking etc.
- Communication (E-mail, Social Network, Social Media & Telephony).
The Internet has many more tools but here is the 4 most popular tools, to make efficient use of the net.
- Information retrieval tools.
- Communication tools.
- Multimedia information tools.
- Information search tools.
1. Information retrieval tools
A) File transfer protocol (FTP): This tool allows the user to move files, such as graphics, text, video, sound etc. from one computer to another computer. This tool works on the basis of client-server architecture. The user first uses the software on his/her machine, called client (client means requester of a service), the remote machine called at server (server means provided on the service). This type of user client program communication with a program controlled on the remote computer to upload (send) or download (receive) certain requested files from it.
B) Gopher: This is a menu-based interface that provides easy access to information residing on servers. By selecting an item on the Gopher menu, the user can move, retrieve or display files from remote sites.
2. Communication tools
A) E-mail: Electronic mail (E-mail) easy to use, very fast work and economical way to send and receive messages electronically to anyone having an Internet account. Throughout this most widely utilized future on the internet you can exchange messages with your family, friends and business associate around the world. You can also send pictures, audio and animation along with the messages. Even in an organization it possible to implement the E-mail facility. E-mail used a protocol called as simple mail transfer protocol (SMTP) to send and receive the messages.
To send and receive e-mail you are required to have an e-mail id. You can have your e-mail service provider likes Yahoo mail, Rediff mail, Hotmail, G-mail, etc. You don’t pay any amount to use these e-mail service providers if you are using the limited secondary storage offered by them. But if you want more space than you are required to pay some amount to these Email service providers. For frequent users, the free space provided by these e-mail service providers is sufficient. To send the mail to another person you should have an E-mail ID and you must know the E-mail ID of the person to whom you want to send the mail.
B) Telnet: This is a protocol which is used to establish an online connection with the remote machine. This protocol is implemented in software, then the user can communicate with the remote machine. The user can be typed his/her commands for the remote machine from his machine and get the response on his machine.
C) Usenet: This is a worldwide network that provides a forum to discuss on specific topics. A user can post an article to the Usenet by choosing newsgroup, where each newsgroup is devoted to particular topics such as computers, economics, politics etc. The articles are sent only to those sites, which is interested in receiving the information on the topic.
3. Multimedia Information tools
WWW: World Wide Web is a hypertext based application which will allow retrieving the document, audio and video from the interlinked web pages. This interlinked page may be spread across different servers. The user can click a link address and get the required information. Each web page is documented created using HTML tags, XML etc. One web page may be linked to another web page. Thus, the interlinked web pages from a website. These links are known as HYPERLINKs.
For example www.hubpages.com this is called as a URL (Uniform Resource Locator) of the site.
A website home page is the first page displayed when you go to a website. This generally contains the contents of the entire site. By clicking on the required content, you can reach the web page which has information about the content.
4. Information search tools:
These are the tools used to search for particular information on the internet. It can be filed, data or website.