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How To Install Linux Virtual Machine

Updated on September 20, 2012

Running Linux Virtual Host In Windows 7

The following tutorial will cover installing a Linux virtual machine on a Windows host. The benefits in doing so provide the user a full featured way to install and perform in a complete desktop environment virtually. No need for dual-booting operating systems or taking up space on the physical hard drive. Space can be allocated to your virtual drive as necessary and easily removed at any time. Unlike troublesome uninstalls during dual boot operations, any modifications can easily be made inside your virtual machine software client. In this demonstration we will be using VMWare Workstation 8.0 and installing Ubuntu 11.10.

You may substitute your virtual installation with the operating system of your choice. Regardless the procedure remains fairly consistent from one operating system to the next.

Moreover, you can also utilize an alternate virtual host software. For our purposes we will examine the use of VMWare Workstation version 8.0. However, alternate programs such as VirtualBox, VMWare Player, Virtual PC, etc - will suffice.

Step One

- Download Ubuntu iso image from the project homepage.

- In this tutorial we will be installing 'from the ISO image' Certain operating systems can be installed from the VMWare image (VMDK) Procedure remains the same. Despite the specified file being either in ISO or VMDK format.

- Open VMWare, navigate to File/New Virtual Machine

- Select 'Typical' Click Next

Step Two

- Make sure ISO selection is specified.

- 'Installer Disc Image File (iso)'

- Browse to the destination folder of your operating system ISO file. Select and apply ISO file to image pathway.

- VMWare will notify you that your Ubuntu installation has been detected

- Click Continue. You will then be asked to setup your system username. Enter your credentials and hit continue.

Step Three

- In this screen you will now name your virtual machine. This is the name that appears on the action panel within VMware's menu.

- Allow virtual machine to install into default location

- If you wish to specify an alternate path select browse and navigate to your chosen directory.

- Click Next

Step Four

- Here you will select your disc capacity.

- Default parameters will suit most purposes. Make modifications as necessary.

- Ensure 'split virtual disc into multiple files' is selected. (Optional but recommended)

Step Five

- You will now arrive at a confirmation screen. Select 'Customize Hardware' tab to launch the next screen.

- Under 'New CD/DVD' ensure 'Use ISO image file' is selected and that the specified file path matches the initial ISO path entered during preliminary steps.

- Under 'Network Adapter' you may use default 'NAT' or switched to 'Bridged Connection'

- Within 'Memory' tab you may leave specified default or alter to suit your needs

- Apply your changes and hit Complete

- Your virtual machine will commence momentarily

- Complete any initial set up to your Ubuntu OS virtual machine from within the VMWare environment

- Your new virtual host is now ready to use. To start, suspend, or power down your virtual host, right click and select desired function in menu

Notes About BIOS

  • Some newer computers may require 'Hardware Virtualization' to be enabled in order to function accordingly
  • To enable this reset your machine and hit 'F8' at the loading screen
  • This will boot into BIOS
  • Find 'Hardware Virtualization' within menu and select 'Enabled'
  • Exit saving changes

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