ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How to Install Cakephp in IIS 7.5

Updated on September 8, 2012
Source

How to Install Cakephp in IIS 7

The goal of MVC framework is to simplify the process of writing web applications. Applications designed using MVC is quite easier to manage because it is being split into tiers (Model, View and Controller). This also promotes code reusability.


Recently, I’ve been working with projects which involve cakephp sitting on APACHE web server. Cakephp is one of the PHP projects that provides MVC framework. Out of curiosity I wanted see how will it fair with windows counterpart for web server the IIS (the version I’m using is IIS 7.5). Getting it running in IIS7 is quite straight forward. Although, I bumped into some technical issues such as mod rewrite issues to cascading style sheet (CSS) not applied being applied during loading. Fortunately, cakePHP has a fair documentation so I was able to manage the issues I came across with. I’ve documented my experienced below just in case anyone bumped into issues. That being said, I must admit I’m really not and expert in cakePHP as a matter of fact this is my first time experience and so this information being provided shall be taken “as-is”. With this demo I’ll be using the “Cake Blog Tutorial” and also the cake book tutorial offered on cakephp website and we will modify it as needed to work with IIS7. That being said let’s get the ball rolling.


Prerequisites:


· Install IIS7 on your windows pc.


o Install PHP for IIS. Use the web platform installer for easy installation.


o Install URL Rewriter module. Use the web platform installer for easy installation.


· Install: A database supported by CakePHP. This post uses MySQL


· Download the latest cakePHP stable version


o Unzip: CakePHP to the intended path C:\Inetpub\wwwroot\cakephp


Testing the CakePHP


Without doing anything, browsing the newly installed cakephp using http://localhost/cakephp/ IIS will throw and error “HTTP Error 403.14 – Forbidden see figure 1.0. The Web server is configured to not list the contents of this directory”. IIS would then suggest enabling the directory listing in IIS server. But this is misleading; enabling the IIS will just display the files figure 1.1. Also, if you didn’t configure IIS to grant read/write access to the cakephp folder it will throw error indicating that it was unable to write cakephp to file cache. This is error is somewhat related to mod_rewrite. IIS worker (in my case the IIS_IUSRS user) running should have the proper read/write access to the files see Figure 1.2 and Figure 1.3


Addressing the issue on mod_rewrite


Addressing the issues on mod_rewrite is quite easy and straight forward. We just need to grant IIS_IUSRS read write access to the cakephp files.


1. Open the IIS Manager by typing inetmgr.


2. Browse to cakephp folder.


3. In action pane select edit permission


4. Select Security tab


5. Select IIS_IUSRS and click Edit button


6. Under Allow check the full control and modify.


a. This will grant the IIS_IUSR the proper read write access to the .http header or in ISS the web.config files and to all the files inside cakephp folder.


Configure the cakephp web.config file


Cakephp by default is configured to run on APACHE web server out of the box. Thus, we need to configure cakephp to run under IIS. We can do this by creating a web.config file. This special file needs to be created in order for the IIS to know what files should be fired during loading. We can copy the web.config file from cakephpcookbook or we will let the IIS do it for us by importing the .htaccess file provided by the cakephp using the URL Rewrite module in IIS. If you don’t have the module you need to download and install it. You may use the web platform for easy installation.


Importing the .htaccess to IIS


1. Open the IIS manager by typing inetmgr.exe and press enter key


2. Browse to cakephp file


3. Click URL Rewrite


4. In the action pane Click Import Rules


5. Click the import button


6. Browse to the cakephp folder and Select the .htaccess


7. Click Apply button in the action pane


8. We need to repeatsteps 4-7 for the following files c:\inetpub\www\cakephp\app\.htaccess and c:\inetpub\www\cakephp\app\webroot\.htaccess


9. IIS imported 5 rules for us.


10. Now you can see a web.config file in c:\inetpub\www\cakephp\


Edit it in any text editor to resemble something like this. Alternately you can use this one.


cakephp web.config

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<configuration>
    <system.webServer>
      <rewrite>
        <rules>
          <rule name="Redirect static resources" stopProcessing="true">
            <match url="^(ico|img|css|files|js)(.*)$" />
<action type="Rewrite" url="app/webroot/{R:1}{R:2}" appendQueryString="false" />
          </rule>
          <rule name="Imported Rule 1" stopProcessing="true">
            <match url="^(.*)$" ignoreCase="false" />
            <conditions logicalGrouping="MatchAll">
              <add input="{REQUEST_FILENAME}" matchType="IsDirectory" negate="true" />
              <add input="{REQUEST_FILENAME}" matchType="IsFile" negate="true" />
            </conditions>
            <action type="Rewrite" url="index.php?url={R:1}" appendQueryString="true" />
          </rule>
          <rule name="Imported Rule 2" stopProcessing="true">
            <match url="^$" ignoreCase="false" />
            <action type="Rewrite" url="/" />
          </rule>
          <rule name="Imported Rule 3" stopProcessing="true">
            <match url="(.*)" ignoreCase="false" />
            <action type="Rewrite" url="/{R:1}" />
          </rule>
          <rule name="Imported Rule 4" stopProcessing="true">
            <match url="^(.*)$" ignoreCase="false" />
            <conditions logicalGrouping="MatchAll">
              <add input="{REQUEST_FILENAME}" matchType="IsDirectory" negate="true" />
              <add input="{REQUEST_FILENAME}" matchType="IsFile" negate="true" />
            </conditions>
            <action type="Rewrite" url="index.php?url={R:1}" appendQueryString="true" />
          </rule>
        </rules>
      </rewrite>
    </system.webServer>
</configuration>

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Stas 5 years ago

      I use free PHP IDE Codelobster - http://www.codelobster.com

      with special Smarty plug-in

    • profile image

      Benjamin Gryson 5 years ago

      Hi,

      thanks for this tutorial, it worked for me.

      However, I had to do 1 additional thing in IIS: I had to set index.php as my default document. So if you have encounter "HTTP-error 403.14 - Forbidden", then go into IIS, double click on your website, and select default document. If index.php is not in the list, add it to the list.

      Kr,

      Benjamin

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)