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How to Build Your Own Custom PC Part 1

Updated on December 8, 2018
Erudite Scholar profile image

Jeff Zod is an Information Technology expert.He enjoys developing software, surfing the web, hacking, and securing computer systems.

PC
PC | Source

Workspace Preparation

It is vital to prepare a workspace before setting up work tools and types of equipment in place. When you want to build a computer then you have to prepare the workplace by availing all you require for the work and examine the condition of the place. For instance, the room where you wish to build the computer should have its floor carpeted, cool, dry, and comfortable. The carpeted floor would allow easy allocation of items that might drop on the ground during working hours. The place should be cool and dry since you shall be dealing with electronic devices.


Motherboard
Motherboard | Source

The workspace requires a large working table to lay the different parts of the computer. It is not advisable to work on the ground due to static charges that have the potential to damage the computer.Another feature of the workspace is good lighting. Good lighting will enable you to see and easily fix the computer parts together. Parts such as the motherboard comprises very tiny elements that you might skip.


Installing Power Supply

The power supply is significant in when building electronic systems. The power supply in our case will facilitate the flow of electric power from the main source to our device.

The basic step is to locate the power supply for the computer. This depends on the motherboard model. The power supply should be maximized for the region where you are building the device. This is because power supplies exhibit different voltage setting so compatibility is essential while selecting a power supply.

Power supply unit
Power supply unit | Source

Most Cases we have power supply installed, if that is the case then locate the voltage switch and adjust accordingly. For instance, you can switch it to at least 110 voltages setting. Some do not have switches so find out the standard of the region.

To install or replace the power supply, kindly refer to the computer manual. This would guide you on how to fix or replace it. The basic step is to locate a rectangular cut on the case. Locate a power plug on the back of the case to remove the case old power supply the replace it.

Note that the power supply should have a specific back coupled with plugs and a fan. Place the back such that it faces the back of the case then the other side would phase the inside of the case.

The internals is of the case contains shelves for which the power supply rests so you have to fix it right. Finally, connect the power supply to the other components such as a motherboard.

Installing Cpu

The first step involves assessing compatibility with the motherboard. The CPU is the most fragile so handle with care. Wear an anti-static wrist while installing your CPU for the safety of its systems.


Secondly, locate the CPU socket on the motherboard. Once you have located the socket open the leaver using the tools you assembled during workspace preparation. You achieve this by identifying the leaver from sides and pull it up.
Carefully move leaver from its locked position all the way to its open position. In its open position, the leaver points straight up. To do this pull it towards the right. Be watchful not to damage your motherboard in the process.

CPU
CPU | Source

The next step is to insert the CPU. Locate a small triangle or a dot mark on the corner that represents a pin. Locate a similar mark on the motherboard. These marks guide how you position the motherboard. You will follow the lineup marks and carefully slide down on the processor.


As you do this ensures that the process us smooth and if it does not take it out to check is the pins are intact. You can only apply the small amount of pressure on the processor. Finally, close the leaver gently by pulling it down to its closing position.

CPU
CPU | Source

Installing Ram

First, identify the required type of RAM. The documentation on the motherboard will guide you on this or you can as well check from the website. Compatibility is essential in this regard. RAM can take double data rates 2, 3 or 4. You can also identify it by looking at the speed numbers. Ensure that these

RAMs and CPU
RAMs and CPU | Source

Secondly, confirm the number of sockets on the RAM. The motherboard is made to support a specific memory that is independent of the number of sockets. You can always browse options such as Corsair, Kingston etc.

Insert the ram into the slots by lining up the notch as indicated in the RAM as you break into the slot. Set the stick until the clamps slide into the slot and lock the RAM. Apply the limited amount of pressure. Do this gently to avoid damages to both the RAM and the motherboard.

Installing Hard Drive

Installation of hard drive depends on the type of device you wish to install. The general procedure for installing a hard drive is as follows.


First you need to configure your drive as either a master device or as a slave device. This works for PATA type of drive. A SATA hard drive does not require a jumper to have it set. Therefore, you skip to the next section of the installation.
Once you set the jumpers, mount the drive in the chassis. Before that, you need to determine the drive bay in your computer. This ranged between 3.5 inches to 5.25-inch bay. SATA types exist in a 3.5-inch width.

Hard drive
Hard drive | Source

The third step you need to connect your data cable to the SATA or PATA interface. Select the appropriate cable to the hard drive and power connector. For the case of SATA hard drive, you should connect using SATA cable. In case of an IDE then you also need to select an IDE cable.

Next step set up the BIOS. First, you need to turn on your computer and accesses the BIOS set up on CMOS set up. Some computers may require the BIOS values found on the drive. Once the drive is set up in BIOS or CMOS conduct the software set up. This is done by restarting the system, Note that for the case of PATA or SATA interface card of the RAID adapter, then you have to set up or rather configure your card following the manual from the manufacturer.

In part two of the this article I will cover the installation of the optical drive,video card.I will also cover the connection of the monitor,mouse and keyboard.

If you are a complete beginner.I have written an excellent introductory guide to computers.

How to build your own Pc

© 2018 Jeff Zod

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    • Erudite Scholar profile imageAUTHOR

      Jeff Zod 

      17 months ago from Nairobi

      Hi @Liz,I agree with you.Traffic is a difficult to master at first but as time goes by,one usually starts to get the hang of it.Publishing as many high quality articles as possible is the only way to increase traffic steadily.I have learnt this form the vets at the Learning Center.You will definitely reach the traffic Nirvana.Your articles are well written and excellent travel guides.

    • Eurofile profile image

      Liz Westwood 

      17 months ago from UK

      That's the benefit of Hub Pages, seeing how hubbers help each other out. I still haven't mastered the traffic issue. Hopefully I will get there eventually.

    • Erudite Scholar profile imageAUTHOR

      Jeff Zod 

      17 months ago from Nairobi

      Hi Liz,

      That's true.I really appreciate you for taking time to read my articles.I also try to read articles fro other hubbers.Writing more hubs is the only sure fire way of increasing traffic.Also sharing other hubbers articles on your social media pages helps.I have had a hubber take one of my articles and edit it for me.The hub increased in ratings and traffic.

    • Eurofile profile image

      Liz Westwood 

      17 months ago from UK

      I try to read as many hubs as I can.Still working on increasing traffic to my own though. From what I hear from others, it takes time to develop traffic flow.

    • Erudite Scholar profile imageAUTHOR

      Jeff Zod 

      17 months ago from Nairobi

      Hi Liz,

      Never doubt yourself.The human spirit can endure many things.Try reading the two guides I have provided and watch some YouTube videos.You might surprise yourself by hacking it.

      Many thanks for always taking time to read my hubs.

    • Eurofile profile image

      Liz Westwood 

      17 months ago from UK

      My PC recently packed in, but I don't think I have the confidence to have a go myself.

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