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How to Build Your Own Custom PC Part 2

Updated on December 7, 2018
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Jeff Zod is an Information Technology expert.He enjoys developing software, surfing the web, hacking, and securing computer systems.

PC | Source

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This is the second part of the step by step guide to building your own custom PC.Read the first part here.

Installing Optical Drive

The first step in the installation of an optical drive is to check the drive bay and fit in the drive. The optical drive takes 5.25 inch. Some bays are screw-less with other a screw drive. All you need is to slide the drive into the case. Once you have done this fix the drive with the given screws.

The second step involves fitting the IDE cable. The IDE data connector is the most commonly used in this regard. For the SATA the manual will provide the specifications. The IDE is not as easy as the SATA cable to plug. The coloring demonstrates where to fix the cables so it is easy when you have proper lighting.

Next, you need to fit in the power cable. A Molex power cable is the most appropriate power cables for optical drives. You will need to apply some amount of pressure to fit the cable in. Finally, you need to fit or plug in the IDE connector into the motherboards. Be careful not to mix up this with floppy disk connector. The motherboard manual will indicate where to place the connector. Do this gently to not spoil the cable or the motherboard. Once that is done you can then power on your computer.

Installing Video Card

First, you need to switch off your computer, remove the case if you had it fixed back. The card slot can be marked either as PC1-Express 16 x or as AGP. This guides you on where to fix the card. Remove the screw holding the metal cover, insert your card, place the metal cover gently, and hold it with the screw.

Note that the shiny edges should face towards the back of the computer. Push the card gently while taking note of the notches t the top or bottom of the card. Additionally, apply a small amount of pressure on the car see if it gently bounces back and forth. Once it pops in then you are assured the card is in a good position.

Wireless keyboard and mouse
Wireless keyboard and mouse | Source

Connecting Monitors, Keyboard, and Mouse

The computer offers several slots for connecting different type of cables on the external section. Different types of slots support specific types of cables. The USB slots are very common for these external connections.The monitor has its own type of slot that will be indicated in the manual. You can easily see this minus the manual. The Keyboard and Mouse use the USB slots. All you need to do is plug in the wired cables into the USB ports in the CPU.

keyboard | Source

Bios Configuration

Primarily, you need to know that the BIOS setup Utility comprises of read-only data but you still have the opportunity to customize your settings. Next press F2 key to enter the BIOS Setup Utility. Study the blue-grey screen and follow the next step.

Once the menu appears, use the left and right arrow keys to navigate through the menu screen. The up and down keys will allow you to select your next action. Once you select the item that you wish to navigate, press enter to read the new dialog box with constituent options. Once you have navigated the BIOS menu, you may navigate to the exit screen by selecting an exit option then press Enter key. Save the changes before you select the exit option.

Installing Windows 7

First, enter your computers BIOS. Turn your computer off then on. Once you BIOS screen pops up, press delete, Escape, F2, F9 or F10 to enter the BIOS system. Identify the boot option from the BIOS menu. Then select your CD ROM drive as the first boot device of your computer. The procedure varies among the different computer models. After the selection, you need to save the configuration changes.

The next stage shut down your computer. You can do this by selecting "shut down" option or directly power off from the power button. Once you have done that, then power on the computer and insert the windows disc inside the CD/DVD drive.

After inserting the disc, start your computer from the drive. Once you start, the computer will ask you to press any key to begin the setup installation. If you do not get that option then you need to go back to the previous steps. Follow the options i.e select install now option, accept the terms and conditions, custom installation.

Once you have selected the options, select the drive or if you have, no partitions create one and then select where to install your operating system. Be sure to format the drive before you select it. Be careful not to lose important information. Once the process is complete then restart your computer, check for updates and other settings.

Configuring Critical Windows Features

The process of configuring critical windows features after installation is significant before using the new operating system. These configurations include windows update, driver updates, the configuration of firewall and the backup systems.

For windows update, press the start menu and click on the control panel option, then select the system and security option from the control panel menu. Select windows update changes the settings according to your own preferences. Once that is done click ok option.

For the firewall option, click on the start key and from the menu select the control panel option. The select system and security, go to windows firewall and update the settings to your preferences. Once you have done that, go to advanced settings change specifications in case you may need to.

For backup configuration, you need to follow the first three steps in the two cases the from systems and settings select the backup and restore option. Once you select then connect devices from where you want to store your backup. Finally, select the change setting to finish your backup configuration.

Drives configuration follow the following steps. Go to the start menu, right click on computer and then select manage options. On your left, you will see the device manager. From the drop-down arrow select, the drivers need to be updated. Using a video card you can select adapters, then right-click on a video card then select the driver update software.

If you are a complete beginner.I have written an excellent introductory guide to computers.

How to build your own Pc

© 2018 Jeff Zod


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