Impact of Computer Technology in Education
The Impact of Computer Technology in Education is enormous especially in this 21ist Century. Computer in itself is life made easy exacting a kind of intelligence (Artificial intelligence) that transcends human ability naturally. It has therefore become imperative that the various breakthroughs in this regard be critically examined, its impact on the teaching and learning process and how to fully harness its benefits.
This discourse is not an attempt to merely register once presence in the scene of global academic brain storming on a topic that attracts majority of Scholars’ attention such as this , but to give a critical evaluation of how much of these developments have been appreciated and embraced by educational institutions and the impact so far.
Unlike in the time past, Computer education as a field of study is becoming compulsory in most schools starting from foundation classes. In my school days, up to the graduate level, it was sorely a departmental course and not even an elective subject. It was only a matter of Personal interest that will make one to go the extra mile of offering it at extra moral classes.
I later realized with my knowledge in Computer studies thereafter, the laborious project carried out manually would have been easier. Well, it also has its own advantages but the time, energy and extra fund that would have been conserved were expended.
We live in a jet age when results are expected to turn in speedily as evident in the various fields of study such as engineering, medicine, nursing, economics, accounting, architecture to mention a few; where this concept has made tremendous impact. It is therefore imperative with the trend of times to embrace and appreciate this concept of “artificial intelligence” which has made the work of humans a lot easier, faster with a greater degree of accuracy and precision.
The impact of Computer Technology in Education is not an isolated concept as education is an instrument for societal progress and development. Invariably, this impact has spillover effects positively on the social-economic advancement of any Community. By implication another suitable name for this discourse is the impact of computer technology on the society.
I would like to approach this subject under two sub-headings, the benefits teachers and Instructors derive from advancement in Computer Technology with respect to the teaching process and the benefits students derive.
Impact of Computer Technology in Education from the Teachers Perspective
Teachers are one of the major benefactors from the advancement in Computer technology. Computer is a teaching aid and at the same time a storage media a situation when the teacher carries little or no bulky files and lesson notes.
The Computer can be connected to a projector thereby enhancing the ease of reaching a small and larger audience. The teacher or lecturer as the case may be prepares his notes with instructional materials captured in a Soft Format. There are Computer programs that are educational and best serve as teaching aids with clear demonstration pictorially. This will leave a lasting impact on learners as it has been proven to be the most effective approach for all learners of different categories.
There are number of schools today that program all lesson notes, curriculum and a greater percentage of information students needs per term or Semester into individual computer. That is by implication every students most necessarily possess a computer preferably a Laptop computer. When carefully evaluated it is cheaper and more convenient on the long run.
Every focused parent or guardian should be ready to pay for excellence even if it cost more, than to pay for a repeated enrollment as a result of failure. The tenets of Computer training is positively driven towards intelligence quotient enhancement coupled with other attendant benefits.
This medium was found to aid the teacher to be more organized, focus, discipline, a high sense of fulfillment and a desired speed for delivery. The teaching-learning process enthusiasm is heighten and more desired than the orthodox approach.
Impact of Computer Technology in Education from the Learners Perspective
Much has been said about the teachers’ experience with respect to the advent of Computer technology as a medium for teaching. We can’t divulge the students or learners experience and benefits from this epoch making development.
Actually it is not really too recent with respect to the employment of Computer technology in the classroom but in terms of greater appreciation and advancement with respect to teaching and learning process, is quite recent. We can make bold to say that with each advancement in the field of Computer system there is an attendant improvement in its employment in the educational sector.
Students are therefore the most privileged in this dispensation of “Knowledge explosion”. Learning is much easier and interesting. Carrying bulky notebooks is a thing of the past. Assignments could be written on the Computer and posted for evaluation over the internet. Projects can be presented via a Soft Copy conveniently where a hard copy will be of no relevance.
With the availability of computer system, most institution has access to internet facilities which is also a necessity. Learners have additional access to more materials that could enhance their knowledge and also have the privilege of enjoying Cloud Computing if they so desire. Availability of computers will also make it easy for assignments that require downloading from the internet to be conveniently carried out.
Results of performance are ready in a couple of minutes when exams are written via a Computer system, popularly referred to as CBT(computer based test), while those who attempted via the hard copy could wait for weeks. Error margin is minimal and completely eradicated when the system is programmed or its tenets followed religiously.
I had a testimony recently when some group of applicants went for entrance examination for institutions of higher learning. Those who opted for Computer based test had their results within 30mins after the exam. While it took over two weeks for those who did otherwise and some had the bitter experience of their results missing. This could be due to human error when written sheets were in transit.
There are enviable institutions that require computer literacy as one of the basis for admission with a test to authenticate such claims. Many applicants have lost such opportunities even with respect to job placements. In the nearest future all institution both private and public will definitely employ this as a standard because it already becoming a global phenomenon. In order to integrate into the system, one most necessarily be up to date.
Recommendations on How to further enhance the Impact of Computer Technology in Education
The impact of computer technology on education in this 21ist century cannot be down played as seen from the foregoing. However not all institutions and individuals have fully embraced this phenomenon. The following steps should be employed to curb this:
1. Increase Awareness Campaign: It suffices to say that despite this breakthrough in Computer Technology and its attendant benefits, many institutions are yet to embrace it. This is not only due to ignorance but lack of will power. Persuasive means should be employed by education regulatory bodies on a regular basis to bring about this needed change.
2. Should be made compulsory: Computer education should be made compulsory as part of schools curriculum at all levels with enabling laws in place to enforce it. Defaulters should be made to face the music. By implication schools should have enough computers for each student for practical knowledge.
3. Computer availability at subsidized rate: Some indigent’s students may find it difficult to possess a PC. The government of the day should take it as a priority to make them available at subsidized rate.
4. Constant Updating: Computer System is in a state of flux. Old knowledge is becoming obsolete relative to latest developments. The custodians of Computer training centre’s and users as well should be in consonance with these developments in order to enjoy the ultimate. By implication there is a need for training and re-training.
The impact of Computer technology in education cannot be overemphasized. This remarkable progress so far is as a result of conscious efforts by stakeholders in the sector though more is still been expected. Computer represents a centre piece in the parlance of today teaching and learning process. Therefore greater efforts should be made to sustain and improve the pace of its development in our schools.